Islamic Etiquette of Visiting Sick People
When the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) would see a pimple on his body he would seek refuge in and humble himself to Allah. He would be asked: 'Does it matter, O Messenger of Allah?' He would say that 'If God wanted to turn a minor concern into a major one, He could; and if He wanted to turn a major concern into a minor one, He could'. [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
Imam al-Sadiq (A.S.) said: Truly, there no ache, misfortune, headache or malady but because of a misdeed (sin); and that is (found) in Allah's saying: "Whatever affliction may visit you is for what your hands have earned; and He pardons much." And what Allah pardons is more than what He punishes for." [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
Imam al-Sadiq (A.S.) said: "When the believer experiences a single episode of fever, his sins would fall off as tree leaves would; and if he becomes bed-ridden, his moaning is counted as tasbeeh (glorifying God)". [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
Imam al-Sajjad (A.S.) said: " What a perfect ailment fever is! It gives each organ its fair share of the affliction; and there is no good in someone who is not afflicted." [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
Zararah quoted either Imam al-Sadiq (A.S.) as saying: "Having a single sleepless night from an ailment is superior to, and greater in reward than a year's worship."
[Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
Imam al-Baqir (A.S.): "One night's fever equals two years of worship; two nights' fever equals two years of worship; and three nights' fever equals seventy years of worship". Abu-Hamza al-Thumali said; "What if he does not attain Seventy?'' I asked (the Imam). He said: "Then (it will be reckoned) to his parents". "What if they do not attain (Seventy)?" I asked. He said: "Then it will be reckoned to his relatives." And what if the do not attain Seventy" I said.
He said: "Then it will be reckoned to his neighbours". [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
Imam al-Sadiq (A.S.) said: "If Allah favours a servant, He would look at him; and if He does, He would present him with one of three things: Fever, eye-ache or headache." [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
The sick person has four peculiarities: His misdeeds are off the record, Allah commands an angel to record every kindness he used to do in his health, his illness goes after every organ in his body and removes its sins from it so that he will end up being forgiven whether he dies (from the illness) or survives it. [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said: "The perfect visitation of the sick person is when you put your hand on him and ask him how he is feeling. And the handshake is the perfect greeting." [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
A companion of Imam al-Sadiq(A.S.) related: "One of the Imam's friends became ill and we-a group of the Imam's friends- went to visit him. The Imam -a.s- stopped us on the way and said: 'Where are you heading for?' We said: 'To visit so-and-so in his sickness.' 'Do any of you have on him an apple, a quince, a citron, a little perfume or an incense rod?' He asked.
'Nothing of that!' We replied. He said: 'Didn't you know that the sick person is pleased with anything that is presented to him?' [Reference: Makarim al-Akhlaq]
Imam al-Sadiq (A.S.) said: "You put your hand on the painful spot and repeat the following three times; 'O, Allah! I ask you by the Glorious Qur'an-which the Faithful Spirit (Gabriel) brought down and with you, in the Essence of The Book, it is sublime and wise-to please cure me with Your Remedy and spare me Your Malady.'
Then pray and ask for blessings for the Prophet (S.A.W.). [Reference: al-Kafi vol.2, p. 568]