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Memorisation of the Noble Quran

By: Abbas and Shaheen Merali
Below are some points to help both parents and children memorise the Quran, so that this honourable act will provide continuous benefits forever, inshallāh (swt).
1. Start memorisation of the Noble Quran with children at a young age, as it is said that what is learnt in the early years is never forgotten.
Indeed, it is narrated from Imām Alī (as): The hearts of youngsters are like uncultivated ground, it accepts whatever is strewn on it.[416] It is also narrated from the Prophet (s): Knowledge in childhood is like engraving on a stone.
2. Memorise the Noble Quran with sincerity. All actions should be for seeking nearness and closeness to Allāh (swt) alone. As this is not something easily conveyed to children, they must be observed to see what their motivation for memorising the Noble Quran is. There is no harm in giving the child gifts to encourage them in the beginning, and then, as they get older, gradually and suitably making them aware of the true goal behind their actions.
3. Memorize each verse, section or Surat with the intention of a Masūmīn (as) or a marytyr, and gift that individual the reward upon memorising it. Not only does doing this increase ones reward but these individuals will also become our intercessors. Thus one will insha-Allāh (swt) become the recipient of the increased mercy, blessings and tawfiq of Allāh (swt) and the verses will be memorised faster and better.
4. Trust in the eternal power of Allāh (swt).
5. Never underestimate the power of prayer. For Allāh (swt) says in Surat Furqan, Verse 77:

Say: What store my Lord would set by you were it not for your supplication?
6. Have resolution, aspiration, perseverance and hope. To realise this goal, as well as desire and enthusiasm, struggle and determination is a must.
7. Eat simple, halāl and pure foods as these are most effective in preparing the mind and memory.
8. Have a precise timetable. Without a good timetable, it will be a lengthy and difficult process, and maybe even impossible, to reach this noble goal. For memorisation, specify a certain time every day, a certain time-period as well as a certain amount (e.g. a number of pages per day). Do not wait for opportunities to come, rather actively create the necessary conditions required, and try not to skip even a day of carrying out the timetable.
9. Use a Quran that is simple, has a clear script, is easy to read and has tajwid rules in it. If you are not familiar with the translation of the Noble Quran, it is better to use one that has the translation under the script (or on the side), which is fluent and easy to read, as reading the translation as well will help memorisation. It is important that the numbering of the verses in the Quran is correct and reliable. The background of the pages should not be completely white, as this leads to tiredness of the eyes.
10. Correct your pronounciation by learning under the supervision of a competent recitor, or listening to a good recitor. The use of audio and video tapes and CDs is helpful for this as well.[417]
11. Repeat what you have learnt, melodiously and often. Dont move to a new set of verses/Surat until the previous set has been perfected. Recite it to others to correct and test the memorisation, and constantly return to what has been memorised in order to maintain it.
12. At the time of memorisation, have complete concentration and free the mind from all types of thoughts. This is one of the main factors leading to successful memorisation. Removal of all types of distractions, such as hunger, thirst, agitation, tiredness is necessary, as is the choosing of a suitable time and place.
It is narrated from Imām as-Sādiq (as): The recitor of the Noble Quran needs three things: a humble heart, a free body (from disturbances) and a private place.
13. Be in Wudū when memorising the Noble Quran, and as much as possible, face the Qibla.
14. Encourage participation in memorisation and recitation competitions and programs.
15. Recite the following Duā before beginning$:
O Allāh (swt)! Have mercy on me by enabling me to abandon acts of disobedience to You forever as long as You keep me alive, and have mercy on me by (keeping me from) burdening myself with that which does not concern me. And grant me that I may have a good opinion of all that I must do to make You pleased with me. And make my heart adhere to memorizing Your Book as You have taught me, and grant that I may recite it in the manner that makes You pleased with me. O Allāh (swt)! Through Your Book, enlighten my sight, expand my breast, gladden my heart, make my tongue expressive and my body active. Make me strong for it (the Book), assist me therein. Verily there is no assistant for it save You; there is no god but You.[418]

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