The Egyptian revolutionary scholar, Shaikh Mohammad Abduh
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 8th of the Islamic month of Jamadi al-Awwal in 1323 AH, the Egyptian revolutionary scholar, Shaikh Mohammad Abduh, passed away in the port city of Alexandria. He was a product of Cairo’s famous al-Azhar Academy. Later, he attended the classes of Iran’s pan-Islamist activist, Seyyed Jamaleddin Asadabadi in Cairo, and highly benefited from his thoughts and ideas.
After Asadabadi’s departure from Egypt, Abduh took over the movement against British colonialist influence in Egypt, for which he was exiled to Syria. After lecturing for six years in Syria, he went to Paris and joined Seyyed Jamaleddin Asadabadi in publication of the newspaper, “al-Orwat al-Wosqa” or the Firmest Bond.
Upon return to Egypt, he worked as a judge. Shaikh Mohammad Abduh, like Asadabadi, called for the unity of the World of Islam and Islamic denominations and believed that Muslims must close ranks against disbelievers and colonialists. He made great efforts to preach harmony between Sunnis and Shi’ite Muslims, and was highly influenced by the “Nahj al-Balagha”, the compilation of the sermons, letters and maxims of Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS), the First Infallible Successor of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
Abduh also wrote exegeses on the holy Qur’an and was also introduced to the “Sahifat as-Sajjadiyya”, the highly eloquent collection of supplications from the Prophet’s 4th Infallible Successor, Imam Zain al-Abedin (AS).