The prominent Islamic scientist and lexicographer, “Ibn Sikkit”
Compiled By: Syed Ali Shahbaz
On 5th of the Islamic month of Rajab in 244 AH, the prominent Islamic scientist and lexicographer, Abu Yusuf Yaqub ibn Ishaq, popularly known as “Ibn Sikkit” was brutally martyred by the cruel Abbasid caliph, Mutawakkil, who ordered the pulling out of his tongue through the backside of the neck for speaking the truth.
Born in Khuzestan, southwestern Iran, he studied in Baghdad under prominent scholars, and his fame led Mutawakkil to invite him to Samarra where he was appointed as tutor to two of the caliph’s sons. Mutawakkil, who is notorious for his sacrilegious destruction of the shrine of the Martyr of Karbala and his forcing of the Prophet's 10th Infallible Successor, Imam Hadi (AS) to come to Samarra, once asked Ibn Sikkit whether his sons were superior to the Prophet’s two grandsons, Imam Hasan (AS) and Imam Husain (AS). The scholar boldly replied that even Qanbar, the slave of Imam Ali (AS), was better than the caliph's sons. The enraged caliph ordered his execution.
"By Allah, if the Omayyads had killed the (grand)son of the Prophet unjustly,
His cousins (the Abbasids) did the same;
Here (in Karbala) is his tomb destroyed!
They felt sorry that they did not participate in killing him,
So they chased him in the grave."
In addition to his poems, Ibn Sikkit has left behind at least twenty books, including “Islah al-Manteq” on lexicography.