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Imam al-Reza (A.S.) and Commander of the Faithful Ali (A.S.) and Her Holiness Fatima (S.A.)

Commander of the Faithful Ali (A.S.)
The plethora of Imam al-Reza (A.S.) traditions indicate that in many instances his holiness has tried to introduce Commander of the Faithful (A.S.) and his excellences to people; some of these traditions are mentioned in the following: Forty Traditions Related from Imam al-Reza(A.S.) on the Virtues of Commander of the Faithful (A.S.)
1. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “O ‘Alī! Indeed you are the one who divides the Heaven and Hell; and indeed you are the one who will knock at the Gates of Paradise and enter it without any reckoning.”
2. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “The similitude of the members of my Ahl al-Bayt among you is like that of Noah’s Ark; whoever boarded it, was saved, and whoever strayed away from it, was thrown into the Fire.”
3. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “God’s wrath and that of His Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) encompasses whoever sheds my (offspring’s) blood and bothers the members of my Household.”
4. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “It seems that I have been called in and I have accepted the call; I will depart this life, but I will leave two weighty things with you, one of which is greater than the other one; God’s Book that is a rope extended down from the heavens onto the earth. The other is my ‘Itrat that is the members of my household. Therefore, watch and see how you treat these two after me.”
5. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn are the two lords of the youth of the inmates of Paradise, and their father is even better than they are.”
6. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Woe be to those who oppress my Ahl-al-Bayt! It is as if I see their rank to be the same as the hypocrites in the lowest depths of the Fire.”
7. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Whoever I am the master of, ‘Alī is the master of. O God! Like whoever likes ‘Alī and be the enemy of whoever is ‘Alī’s enemy. Help whoever helps him and belittle whoever belittles him.”
8. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “O ‘Ali! Indeed the Exalted Allāh has forgiven you, your household, your followers and those who like your followers.”
9. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “O ‘Alī! If you were not there, the believers after me would not be recognized.”
10. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “O ‘Alī! You have been granted three things, which no one has ever been granted before.” ‘Alī (A.S.) said, “May my father and mother be your ransom! What have I been granted?” the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) said, “You have been granted a father-in-law like me, a wife like your wife, and sons like al-Hasan and al-Husayn.”
11. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “The followers of ‘Alī are the triumphant on the Resurrection Day.”
12. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Whoever wishes to be delighted by looking at and grab the stem of the red hyacinth ruby that God has planted Himself, should wholeheartedly love (seek as guardians) ‘Alī and the Imams from among his progeny, as they are the ones chosen by the Almighty and Glorious Allāh; they are purified of all sins and faults.”
13. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Whoever dies without following an Imam from among my progeny is regarded as one of those who died during the Age of Ignorance (jāhiliyya); his deeds are not accepted whether he has performed them during the jāhiliyya or after the advent of Islam.”
14. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Whoever likes to grab the strongest and the most dependable support should resort to loving ‘Alī (A.S.) and the members of my household.”
15. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “On the Resurrection Day, this man – namely ‘Alī – and I will be like these two fingers (he brought together his two fingers) and our followers will be with us; and anyone who helps any oppressed one from our family will be there with us.”
16. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “The Imams are from among the progeny of Husayn(A.S.). Whoever obeys them it is as if they have obeyed the Almighty and Exalted Allāh. They are the strongest and the most dependable support and they are the means towards Allāh.”
17. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “I and ‘Alī are made from the same light.”
18. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “O ‘Alī! You are the best of men; no one but the disbeliever would have doubt about it.”
19. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “The Almighty Allāh will resurrect among the secure ones anyone who loves us (the Ahl al-bayt).”
20. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “You (‘Alī) are from me and I am from you.”
21. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “O ‘Alī! You will relieve me of my obligations; and you are my successor over my nation [after me].”
22. He related that the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.), while holding ‘Alī’s (A.S.) hand in his, said, “Whoever claims to love me but does not love ‘Alī, is a liar.”
23. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Only those from among the Helpers (Ansār) with a Jewish descent will despise you.”
24. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “The first thing that a servant will be questioned about is the love of us, the Ahl al-Bayt.”
25. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Only believers love ‘Alī and only disbelievers despise him.”
26. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Those who love you love me, and those who despise you despise me.”
27. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “I am the city of knowledge and ‘Alī is its gate.”
28. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Shut all the doors from the mosque to the homes (leading people from their houses to the mosque) except for the one to ‘Alī’s (A.S.) home.”
29. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying to ‘Alī (A.S.): “When I die, the enmities hidden in the hearts of some people will show up and they will unite against you and prevent you from getting what is rightfully yours.”
30. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “‘Alī’s (A.S.) hand is (like) my hand.” (i.e. whoever pledges allegiance to Alī is the same as one who pledges allegiance to me.)
31. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Soon my umma will treat you with treachery and the good and the bad will all follow this (treachery).”
32. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Whoever swears allegiance to ‘Alī has indeed sworn allegiance to me, and whoever swears allegiance to me has indeed sworn allegiance to Allāh.
33. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “The center of Paradise is for me and my Ahl al-Bayt.”
34. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “I am the treasure of knowledge and ‘Alī is the Key; whoever wants the treasure should go to its key.”
35. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “O ‘Alī! I asked Allāh for you whatever I asked Him for myself, except for Holy Prophethood, since there will be no Holy Prophet after me; I am the seal of the Holy Prophets and you are the seal of the trustees.”
36. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “O ‘Alī! People have been created from different trees; I am the root and you are the trunk; al-Hasan and al-Husayn are its branches; the Shi'as are the leaves; Allāh will take to Paradise whoever holds onto any of the branches.”
37. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as addressing ‘Alī: “Paradise is eager to see you, and eager to see ‘Ammār, Salmān, Abū Dharr, and Miqdād.”
38. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying to ‘Alī (A.S.): “Your similitude is like that of Jesus (A.S.); the Christians loved him so much as they became disbelievers and the Jews disliked him so much as they became disbelievers.”
39. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Al-Ḥasan and al-Husayn are the best people on the earth after me and their father; their mother is the best of the women on the earth.”
40. He quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “O ‘Alī! You and your two sons are the best of the chosen creatures of Allāh.”

Imam al-Reza(A.S.) and Her Holiness Fāṭima (S.A.)
It is understood from various traditions that Imam al-Reza(A.S.) has taken upon himself to recount the virtues and excellences of his grandmother to people. Some of the related traditions are as follows.
Imam al-Reza(A.S.) quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “On the Day of Resurrection, my daughter, Fāṭima, shall be raised in such a way that she will carry clothes smeared in blood and she will be clinging onto one of the pillars of the Throne and say: “O Allāh Dispenser of Justice! Judge between me and the murderer of my son.” The Apostle of Allāh added: “By the Lord of Ka‘ba, Allāh will judge in favor of my daughter. The Almighty and Glorious God gets angry whenever Fāṭima gets angry and is pleased whenever Fāṭima is pleased.”
In another tradition, Imam al-Reza(A.S.) quoted the Apostle of Allāh as saying: “An angel came to me and said, O Muḥammad! God sends you greetings and tells you, ‘I have married off Fāṭima to ‘Alī and ordered the Ṭūbā tree to bear pearls, rubies and corals. Indeed, all the residents of the Heaven are happy on this occasion; soon, they will have two sons who will be masters of the youth of Paradise and the people of Paradise will be adorned by them. O Muhammad! You are the best of the first and the last.”
Imam al-Reza(A.S.) quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “When the Resurrection Day comes, the harbinger will call out: O groups of people! Close your eyes so that Fāṭima, the daughter of Muhammad(S.A.W.) may pass by.”
Imam al-Reza(A.S.) quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “I did not marry off my daughter Fāṭima (to ‘Alī) except by Allāh’s commanding me to marry her off.”
Also, he quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “Verily Fāṭima was chaste; therefore, Allāh spared her progeny from Fire.”
Imam al-Reza(A.S.) quoted Imam ‘Alī (A.S.) as saying: “The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) told me: O ‘Alī! Some of the men from Quraysh blamed me regarding Fāṭima and said that they asked me to marry her off to them, but I refused them and married her off to ‘Alī. I told them: By God, I was not the one who refused you; it was the Exalted Allāh who refused you and married her off to ‘Alī. Gabriel descended upon me and said, O Muhammad! The Exalted and Almighty Allāh says: Had I not created ‘Alī, there would have been no equal to your daughter Fāṭima on the face of the earth from the time Adam onwards.”
Imam al-Reza(A.S.) quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “I named my daughter Fāṭima because the Almighty and glorious Allāh has weaned (separated) her and those who love her from the Fire.”
Imam al-Reza(A.S.) quoted the Apostle of Allāh (S.A.W.) as saying: “The Exalted Allāh is angered when Fāṭima is angered and pleased when Fāṭima is pleased.
Reference:
Story of the Sun
A Look at Imam al-Reza's Life
Author: Sayyid Muhammad Najafi Yazdi
Translated by: Ahmad Rezwani
Published by: Islamic Research Foundation, Astan Quds Razavi, Mashhad - I.R. Iran

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