Certain characteristics by which an Imam is recognized
Source: Ain-al-Hayat, By: Allama Muhammad Baqir Majlisi
Imam Ar-Reza (as) says that there are certain characteristics by which an Imam is recognized:
He should be the wisest of his time.
He should be most pious.
He should be most suave and forbearing.
There should be none equal in bravery and generosity to him.
He must be the most committed to the Prayer of Allah.
He is born naturally circumcised.
He is born totally clean.
He has the faculty to see in his back without turning his eyes backwards.
His shadow is not cast on the ground.
At birth, he puts his hands on the ground and recites the Witness: La ilaha il Allah Mohammadur Rasool Allah.
He doesnt get night-dreams (Ehtelam)
Although his eyes sleep, the eyes of his heart are always awake.
He gets informed of the future events through his dreams.
The angels converse with him.
The chain armor of the Prophet would fit him like a glove.
None would have seen his feces.
His body would radiate a fragrance better than that of musk.
People would be willing to lay down their lives for him.
He will be more affectionate towards the Mumins than their own parents.
He will be most generous and kind.
He always sets examples for his followers.
Whatever he asks his followers not to do, he himself abstains to do.
His prayer is so effective that if he wishes, stones would shatter to smithereens in a moment.
All the arms of the Prophet would be in his possession.
He will be the carrier of the Twin-Edged Sword, the Dhual Fiqar.
He will possess a document on which the names of his friends and foes are recorded.
He will be the exponent of Jafr al-Akbar and Jafr al-Asghar that have record of all the events past, present and future.
He will have with him the Sahifa al-Fatima.
He will possess Ilm al-Laddunni, that is, he will not need a mentor or tutor to teach him.