Tasbih of Hazrat Fatimah az- Zahra (S.A.)
By: Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi
Fatimah (s.a.) sought the protection of Allah through this amulet that was written in it: “In the name of Allah, O You the Ever-living, the Eternal, by Your mercy I ask for help; so help me and do not let me be deceived by my self for a twinkle of an eye at all, and repair all my affairs!”23
Tasbih of Fatimah (s.a.)
After every prayer Fatimah (s.a.) offered, she recited the tasbih that the Prophet (S) had taught her only. Ameerul Mo'minin Imam Ali (a.s.) said, “Fatimah was the most beloved one to her father. The quern had affected her hands. She carried water with the skin until it affected her neck. She swept the house until her clothes became dusty. She set fire under the cooking pot until her clothes darkened with smoke. She suffered some harm because of that. One day, we heard that some slaves were brought to the Prophet (S).
I said to Fatimah, ‘You could go to your father asking him for a servant to help you.’ She went to her father but found him busy. She felt shy to ask him and then she came back. On the second day, the Prophet (S) came to Fatimah’s house and asked her why she had come to him the day before, but she felt shy to tell him. I said, ‘By Allah, I shall tell you O messenger of Allah. She milled with the quern until her hands were affected, carried water with the skin until her neck was affected, swept the house until her clothes became dusty, and set fire under the cooking pot until her clothes darkened. We were informed that some slaves or servants were brought to you, and so I said to her to ask you for a servant.’
The Prophet (S) said, ‘Shall I tell you about what is better than what you ask me for? When you go to bed, you recite thirty-four takbirs, thirty-three tasbihs, and thirty-three tahmids.24 This is better for you than a servant.”25
The Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) paid too much attention to this tasbih. They taught it to their sons and daughters as an educational method and spiritual nourishment. Imam as-Sadiq (a.s.) said, ‘We teach our children the memorizing of this tasbih and reciting it after prayer and at sleeping.’
Reciting this tasbih is a kind of glorification of Allah. Fatimah (s.a.) loyally practiced this tasbih and heartily kept on it since the moment when her father had taught it to her. She went to the tomb of her uncle, the eternal martyr Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib, took a handful of soil from his tomb, and made the beads of her rosary by which she practiced this tasbih called as the “tasbih of Fatimah”. Muslims imitated her in taking rosaries to glorify Allah with. When Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) was martyred, the Shia made their rosaries from the soil of Kerbala where the imam was buried to practice with them the “tasbih of Fatimah”. They also made, and still make, from the soil of Kerbala small dried pieces to prostrate on them in the prayers. Many traditions were transmitted from the infallible imams about the preference of this soil.
23. Al-Baqiyat as-Salihat, p.429.
24. Takbir is the reciting of “allahu Akbar; Allah is great”, tasbih is the reciting of “subhanallah; glory be to Allah”, and tahmid is the reciting of “al-hamdulillah; praise be to Allah”.
25. Sunan of Abu Dawud, vol.2 p489-490, Sahih of al-Bukhari, vol.4 p.208.