Hazrat Fatimah az- Zahra’s (S.A.) Children belong to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.A.)
Lady Fatimah narrated from her father from Fatimah az-Zahra’ (a.s.) that the Prophet (S) said, ‘Each prophet has a progeny belonging to him, and Fatimah’s children are the progeny that belong to me.’14
Fatimah (s.a.) narrated another tradition like this one that her father said, ‘Every children of a father belong to their father’s parentage, except Fatimah’s children; I am their father and I am their parentage.’15
The Holy Prophet’s charm to al-Hasan and al-Husayn
Fatimah bint Imam al-Hasan (a.s.) narrated from her grandmother Fatimah az-Zahra’ (a.s.) that the Prophet (S) charmed al-Hasan and al-Husayn (peace be upon them) by these words as he taught them Qur’anic verses. He recited: “I seek protection by the perfect words of Allah from every devil and every vermin, and from every envious eye.’16
The Holy Prophet’s gifts to Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn
Fatimah (s.a.) narrated that once she asked her father (a.s.), ‘O messenger of Allah, would you please gift my two children al-Hasan and al-Husayn with something?’
The Prophet (S) said, ‘I gift al-Hasan with gravity and patience, and gift al-Husayn with magnanimity and mercifulness.’17
The Holy Prophet’s Inheritance to his Two Grandsons
Zaynab bint Abi Rafi’ narrated that Fatimah (s.a.) visited the messenger of Allah (S) during his last illness and said to him, ‘O messenger of Allah, these are my two sons. Would you please bequeath to them?’
He said, ‘As for al-Hasan, he has my gravity and glory, and as for al-Husayn he has my courage and generosity.’18
Doing Good to Fatimah’s Children
Fatimah (s.a.) narrated from Imam Ali (a.s.) that the Prophet (S) said, ‘Whoever does good to anyone of my (grand) children and he does not reward him for it I will be the rewarder of him for it.’19
The Tradition of Thaqalayn
Fatimah (s.a.) said, “I heard my father (a.s.) during his last illness, where his room was full of his companions, saying: ‘O people, I am about to die. I say to you to be excused before you. I am leaving among you the Book of my Lord, glory be to Him, and my progeny my household.’ Then he took Ali’s hand and said: ‘This is Ali. He is with the Qur’an and the Qur’an is with Ali. They will never separate until they will come to me at the Pond (in the Paradise). I will ask you how you have obeyed me through your doing to them both (the Book and the progeny).’20
This tradition is one of the true mutawatir (coming successively) traditions. Ibn Hajar said, ‘This tradition has been narrated by thirty companions (of the Prophet). Most of its ways of narration are true and approved.21
This tradition has a great importance in protecting the nation from deviation and loss. If Muslims had obeyed the Prophet (S) in that, they would have been the masters of nations and peoples.
Declaring Ali’s Imamate
Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) narrated from his mother Fatimah (s.a.) that the Prophet (S) said, ‘Whoever I am his guardian, Ali is to be his guardian, and whoever I am his imam, Ali is to be his imam.’22
The Imams from Al-Husayn’s Offspring
Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) narrated that his mother Fatimah (s.a.) said to him, “When I gave birth to you, the messenger of Allah (S) visited me. I gave you wrapped in a yellow rag to him. He threw the yellow rag away, took a white one, and wrapped you in it. He recited the azan in your right ear and the eqamah23 in your left one. Then, he said, ‘O Fatimah, take him! He is the father of the imams. Nine of his children will be pious imams. The ninth of them will be al-Mahdi.’”24
Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) was a gift from the Prophet’s gifts, and he was the restorer of Islam through his immortal revolution which tore down the thrones of tyranny. Therefore, Allah rewarded him with His divine mercies and favors and made the pure imams from his progeny.
Imam Ali’s Virtue
Aa’isha narrated that Fatimah (s.a.) said, “The messenger of Allah (S) said to me: ‘Your husband is the most knowledgeable of people, the first of them in being Muslim, and the best of them in patience and discernment.’”25
The Men of A’raf
Abu Tharr narrated that he heard Fatimah (s.a.) saying, “Once, I asked my father about this saying of Allah the Almighty: “…and on the A’raf (great screen between Paradise and Hell) will be men who would know everyone by his marks.” 7:46
And he said, ‘They are the imams after me; Ali, my two grandsons, and nine ones from al-Husayn’s progeny. They are the men of A’raf. No one enters the Paradise except one who knows (believe in) them and whom they know, and no one enters the Fire except one who denies them and whom they deny. Allah the Almighty is not known except by the means of knowing them.’26
Fatimah (s.a.) is from the Earliest to Allah’s Contentment
Once Fatimah (s.a.) said to her father (a.s.), ‘O messenger of Allah, Salman wondered at my clothes. By Him Who has sent you with the truth, since five years I and Ali have had but a sheepskin on which we feed our camel in the day and when night comes, we sleep on it. Our pillow is of leather stuffed with fiber.’
The Prophet (S) said, ‘O Salman, my daughter is among the first marchers (to Allah’s contentment).’27
14. Al-Kawthar fee Ahwaal Fatimah bint an-Nabiy al-At~har, vol. 4 p. 433.
15. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 37 p.70.
16. Ath-Thuriyyah at-Tahirah an-Nabawiyyah, p.107.
17. The Life of Imam al-Husayn bin Ali, vol. 1 p. 217.
18. Kanzol Ummal, vol. 7 p. 268.
19. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 93 p. 225.
20. Yanabee’ al-Mawaddah, p.294.
21. As-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, p. 136.
22. Al-Kawthar fee Ahwaal Fatimah bint an-Nabiy al-At~har, vol. 4 p. 357.
23. A certain wording recited before the beginning of prayers.
24. Muntakhab al-Athar, p.89, Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 36 p.352.
25. Ath-Thuriyyah at-Tahirah an-Nabawiyyah, p. 103, Musnad of Fatimah az-Zahra’, p.292.
26. Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 36 p. 315, Manaqib ibn Shahrashub, vol. 1 p.254.
27. Al-Kawthar fee Ahwaal Fatimah bint an-Nabiy al-At~har, vol. 4 p. 445, quoted from Fatimah az-Zahra’ Bahjat Qalb al-Mustafa, p.273.