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Forty Sayings of Imam Reza (A.S.)

Compiled by: Shaykh Mohammad Ishtihardi
The Tenth Infallible: Imam Ridha (as)
Name: Ali Ibn Musa (as)
Renowned Title: Ridha
Father and Mother: Imam Musa Ibn Jafar (as) and Najma (as)
Time & Place of Birth: 11th of Zilqaad year 148 Hijrah, in Medina.
Time & Place of Martyrdom: End of Safar, 203 Hijrah at the age of 55 Years was martyred through poisoning of mamoon (Abbassade caliph) in Sana bad nauqan (a Mohallah today & site at Mashad Muqadas, (Islamic Republic of Iran.)
Shrine: Mashad Muqaddas.
Life duration: in three segments.
1. before Imamate (35 Years), From 148 to 183 Hijrah.
2. after Imamate, 17 Years Residence in Medina.
3. And Three Years in Khorasan, the most Sensitive part of his political life was in this period.
He had only a single son Imam Jawad Who was seven years of age at the time of his martyrdom.

Forty Traditions from Imam Ridha (as)

1. He who compares & likens Allah to his creations is a polytheist & the one who attributes something which has been forbidden for him is an infidel. 1

. ( 18 557)
2. Faith is to one grade superior & sublime to Islam & piety is one degree superior to faith & certitude & certainty is one step superior to faith & nothing more elegant & excellent than certitude has been bestowed upon the sons of Adam (as) 2
. ( 78 338)
3. Faith has four pillars: Trusting & relying upon Allah, & contentment & pleasure with the divine will, & submittance to the ordain & ordinance of Allah, & delegation & turning over (the affairs) to Allah. i.e. (Total submission & reassignment to Allah). 3
ј: ی . ی
. ( 78 338)
4. And faith means performing & discharging the obligatory duties & avoiding the committing of forbidden acts & faith, is the recognition & knowing (Allah) through the heart & admitting & confessing through the tongue & practicing through the parts of body (Physically). 4
. ј
. ( 442)
5. One day Imam Ridha (as) mentioned Quran & so he described the magnanimity & glory of it's authority & it's miracles saying, That is the firm cable of Allah & firmest handhold & the ideal & model path, it guides & leads toward paradise & is the savior from the fire (of Hell). It does not corrode & wear out by the passage & flow of time. Moreover, it's continuous repetition & recitation through the tongue does not devalue & depreciate it. Since, it is not made to exist for a certain age & period apart from other ages & periods. Instead, it has been made a proof & logic for all human beings. Falsehood does nether find passage in the front & afore of it nor from it's back side. It has been descended (revealed) by Allah, the all wise, all praise worthy. 5
() : ی ی ی ی ی ی
. ( 92 14)
6. Rayyan says I said to Imam Ridha (as), what do you say about Quran?' So he replied ', It is the speech of Allah, do not exceed & move ahead of it & do not seek guidance from other than it. Otherwise, you would go astray.' 6
: ی .
( 92 117)
7. 'Indeed Imamate is the rein of religion & the system of Muslims & the righteousness & welfare of the world & the honor & glory of faithfuls. Verily, Imamate is the growing & ongoing root of Islam & its elevated & sublime branch. Services, alms, fasting, Hajj & Jihad (the holy war) attain completion & perfection & the booty (tributes) & alms gets plentiful & abundant, & the Allah's bounds, sanctions, & ordinances get executed, & the frontiers & boundaries (of Islamic lands) get safe & secure, through Imam. 7
ǡ ͘
. ( ی 1200)
8. about the workers & officials of sultan (king, ruler). Becoming a part of the officials of them & providing of help & assistance to them & putting in endeavor to fulfill their needs & requirements is the equivalent to infidelity. And looking intentionally & purposely at them is one of the great sins which deems one fit to deserve the hell fire. 8
... ...: ی []
. ( 75 374)
9. Allah may take pity & be merciful to the servant who resurrects & revives our affair so I said ', and how is it that your affair gets revived?' He responded ', by learning our know ledges & teaching them to the people.'9
1. The slightest thing or contact is looking intentionally at a person, even this is one or the great sins not to talk about helping the tyrants practically. So, those Muslims who strengthen & solidify the foundations or their aggression & tyranny & make their abode in the hell, must as per this tradition avoid such activities.
(): ی :
. ( 18 102)
10. A faithful will not become (real) faithful till such time he acquires three qualities: A way of Allah's treatment (sunnan Allah) a prophet's rule & a rule of his saint. However, the Allah's treatment is the concealing of his secret. Allah said
... ی ی
The knower of the unseen! So he does not reveal his secret to any. Except to him whom he chooses as an apostle.' Moreover, the Sunnah & rule of the Prophet (S) is conciliation with the people. So Allah commanded the Prophet (S) to conciliate with the masses saying.

Take to forgiveness & enjoin good.' Never the less, the rule of his saint is 'Exercising patience & endurance in (the times of) adversities poverty & apprehensions.' 10
ی : ( ( ی * ی )) ی : ( ))
. ( ی 2 241)
11. The intellect of a Muslim man does not mature & complete till he has ten qualities: 1. Benevolence & benefaction be expected & hoped from him. 2. And people be secure & peaceful from his evil doing. 3. He considers the small amount of benefaction from others as abundant & plentiful. 4. And takes plenty of his own benevolence & goodness to be a meagre amount of it. 5. He does not get tired & exhausted by the demands & requirement asked to be fulfilled. 6. He does not get fatigued & restless from seeking knowledge for all the length of his life. 7. He loves poverty more than the plentifulness & affluence, on the course of Allah. 8. And he loves disgrace & abjectness on the way of Allah more than the honour on the course of His enemy. 9. And anonymity is more liked by him than fame.
Then he (S) said. ', The tenth one & what is the tenth? The person asked him (S) what that is?' lmam (as) reflected ', He does not see a person but that he says 'He is better & more pious than myself.' 11
ی : ی ی : :ی : ی : ی
. ( 78 336)
12. He who takes himself to account gets benefitted & the one who gets negligent & careless about himself bears loss. And the one who fears (AlIah) becomes peaceful. And that one who takes lesson becomes most clear sighted & discerning. And he who becomes most clear sighted understands & he who understands & comprehends becomes knowledgeable & informed. 12
. ( 78 352)
13. A person asked Imam Ridha (as) ', who are the best of servants?'
So he responded ',Those men that when they perform good deed they become glad & when they perform a bad deed they ask the forgiveness (of Allah) & when they are granted they thank (for it). And while they get afflicted & grieved they exercise patience. And when they get enraged & angry they forgive. (Overlook. other faults). 13
(): : ǡ ǡ
. ( 445)
14. And avoiding the cardinal & grave sins & these are murdering & killing the soul that Allah has forbidden And committing adultery, & stealing & drinking (wine) & opposing (annoying) the parents, & running away fleeing the battle front (in Jihad). & misappropriating & eating the wealth of orphan oppressively & excessively, & eating the carrion (flesh of dead creature) & drinking blood & taking meat of pig (pork) & unnecessarily eating the meat of animals which are slaughtered without Allah's name being taken at the time of slaughtering them.
And eating (taking) interest after the clear cut ordain & the illicit & forbidden (wealth), & the arrow shuffling & gambling, & diminishing reducing in measures & weights & accusing the chaste (virtuous) women & sodomy & giving of false witness & disappointment with the commiseration of Allah & considering oneself safe from the plan of Allah. (Fearlessness from Allah's plan) & dismay from the blessing & commiseration of Allah & helping & assisting the aggressors & tyrants & reliance & trust upon them. And I taking false oath & retention of rights without being hard up & telling lie. And pride & arrogance & spending lavishly & wasting & squandering (of resources) & dishonesty & depreciating & belittling Hajj & combating & standing up against the saints of Allah. And involvement & remaining busy with diversion & play (sensuality & libidinous pleasures) and insisting upon committing sins. 14
... ی. Ø Ø ʡ ی ی
. ( () 2 127)
15. There are some grades of self-conceit. One among them is that the evil acts of a servant gets decorated to him & he takes them for good deeds & boasts & gluts about them & considers them as nice acts performed by him. And one of them is that a servant acquires faith & belief upon Allah & then boasts of a favor conferred upon Allah, whereas, Allah has done him a favor in it. 15
: . ی
. ( 78 336)
16. Had Allah not frightened people by paradise & hell even then it would have been obligatory for them to obey Him & not commit His disobedience because of His favors & kindnesses upon them. And His granting them the beneficences to start with, without any of their rights.
. ( 71 174)
17. If it is asked why people were ordered to fast? It would be answered so that they may know the trouble of hunger & thirst & thus get the idea about the poverty (hunger and thirst) of the Hereafter. And the fast keeper may get humbled, belittled, humiliated, destitute, indigent (More over) they may get the reward of Allah & be patient & forbearing in the wake of the (trouble) they face from hunger & thirst with knowing of Allah & sincerity. So fasting will be the cause of their getting reward. Moreover, this will bring about the control of lustful desires and become the admonition in this world.
And make them submit to the performance & offering of what has been made obligatory for them & guides them to (the affairs of) Here after.
None the less, they by keeping fast do understand & comprehend the severances & extremity & the amount of hardships & miseries that the poor & afflicted ones have to bear in this world. So they give away the obligatory amounts which Allah has made obligation for them to payout of their wealth. 16
: ԡ ی ʘ . Ř ی ی Ә ǡ ی ...
( 96 370)
18. The Jamat prayers (the collective & assembly prayers) have only been made so that the sincerity, oneness of Allah & the adoring & worshipping of Allah gets obvious, known, apparent & common. Because, the show of it will complete the proof of the oneness of Allah to the people of East & west. And will make the hypocrite & the one who has disrespecting attitude, humble & respectful to something which is the cause of admitting & acknowledging the apparent of Islam & the submission to it. And to the effect that the witnesses of people upon the Islam (being Muslim) of each other becomes lawful & possible. Moreover, it becomes the (cause of) cooperation & co. working of them upon good acts & piety & their taking distance from plenty number of evil acts forbidden by Allah. 17
. ی ی . ی ی ی
. ( 2 109) 1 233
19. Indeed Allah has commanded three things (in Quran) which are in proximate with three others. He ordered the prayers & alms. So the one who offers prayer & does not pay alms, his service is not accepted from him.
And He ordered His thanks giving with that of the parents. So the one who does not thank his parent has not thanked Allah. And He commanded fear of Allah & connecting with the kinship. So the one who does not connect with the blood relations is not afraid of Allah. 18
ی ی Ԙ Ԙ
. ( () 1 258)
20. Do not let the good deeds & Ijtehad & endeavor in worship go, depending & trusting upon the love of the Muhammad (S) house hold. 19
( ی ()
. ( 78 347)
21. Be careful of greed & jealousy, since, these (vices) have perished the previous nations. And beware of stinginess because it is a calamity which will not be found in a free man & a faithful.
This (vice) is against & controversial to faith. 20
ǘ ǘ
. ( 78 346)
22. Silence is a door among the doors of wisdom. Indeed, silence begets & attracts love it is the proof of all the beneficences.21
. ( 78 335)
23. Behave with the friend humbly & with the enemy carefully & the general people, with smiling & blooming face. 22
. ( 78 355)
24. Allah dislikes futile (useless) talk & squandering the wealth & much begging (asking things). 23
. ( 78 335)
25. The miser does not have any comfort & so does the jealous not have any joy & felicity & the (kings) (rulers) do not have faithfulness & trust worthiness & the liar does not have any manhood (forbearance). 24
. ( 78 345)
26. The secret & cause of services (prayers) is that prayer is the confession of the lordship of Allah & negating all kinds of partners & plurality for him. And standing before the omnipotent, with humility, humbleness, & the confession (of sins) & begging forgiveness of the previous sins. And placing the face on dust five times a day as (sign of) honoring & confession of His greatness. And services (prayers) is the cause of remembering Him & taking distance from the arrogance & neglectfulness. Prayers become the cause of humility, submissiveness & humbleness (toward Allah) & the eagerness, heedfulness & enthusiasm regarding the desire of enhancement of material & spiritual progress (both in the world & here after). Moreover, prayers makes a man engaged constantly in the remembrance of Allah both day & night so that he must not forget his lord, master, Administrator & creator, since, forgetfulness will become the cause of rebel ion. Man while offering prayer stays in the presence of his lord & in the state of His remembrance & this very condition constrains & stops him from sins and constrains & refrains him from many kinds of corruptions. 25
Ә ی ǘ ی ی ی
. ( 82 261)
27. And parsimony & avarice makes the honor (of man) spotted (dishonors & disgraces him) & the love of (worldly materials) causes griefs & involvements in problems. And the best & most value able of virtues is doing good (to others) & providing shelter & refuge to those afflicted & fulfilling the hope of the person having hope from you. 26
. ( 78 357)
28. Do not acquire & adopt the company of drinker & do not salute him. 27
. ( 66 491)
29. Allah forbade the drinking of wine, since, it causes corruption, disturbance, & intoxication of the minds of its drinker & this becomes the cause of his refusing & denying of Allah & uttering obnoxious language about HIM & His Prophets. And becomes the cause of all the sins including murdering & accusing falsely chaste woman of adultery & committing adultery & lessening of abstinence & refraining from forbidden deeds (sins). So this is the reason of it that all the drinks which intoxicate are prohibited & forbidden. Since these drinks too have the same negative results which the wine has got. 28
ی ی ی Ә ...
( 17 262)
30. Seven things short of seven other things are making (as if) a mockery. The one who repents through his tongue but he is not ashamed at his heart, has cut a joke with himself. And the one who asks Allah succor &does not put in effort has mocked himself. And the person who asks for foresightedness &does not be careful so he has made a mockery with himself. And the one who asks paradise from Allah &does not be patient over the hardships & calamities has made a fun of himself. And the man who ask the refuge of Allah from hell fire & does not abandon the lusts of the world has made a joke with himself. And the one who exercises remembrance of Allah does not get prepared set his foot ahead towards meeting HIM has cut a joke with himself. 29
: . . . ی . . ی
. ( 78 356)
31. Get connected to your kinship although it may be means of a drinking water. And the supreme &superb kind of connecting with the kinship is to avoid annoying them. 30
. ( 78 338)
32. Give alms although with a small amount of a thing because indeed all that is intended for the sake of Allah; although those may be meagre & small yet becomes great,& magnanimous by virtue of the righteousness & purity of intention. 31
( 1 87)
33. The one who happens to meet a poor Muslim & salutes him against the way he salutes a wealthy person shall meet Allah on the resurrection day in a way that He will be angry with him. 32
ی ی
. ( 8 442)
34. Meet & see each other so that you get friendlier with each other. 33
( 78 347)
35. The one who repents upon the sins is like the one who does not have a sin. 34
. ( 6 21)
36. Cleanliness is from the morality & character of Prophets. 35
. ( 780 335)
37. The best wealth is the one by which the honor of man is protected. 36
. (78 352)
38. The weapon of the Prophets is essential for you. When asked 'What is the weapon of Prophets'. He said 'supplication!' 37
: :
. ( 2 468)
39. Be the mercy of Allah upon you, know it that Allah has forbidden all (forms of) gambling & ordained the servants to avoid it & named it dirt (contamination) (in His Book, Quran).
And said, 'The dirt (filth) is the activity of satan so avoid it. Such as playing with chess & Back gammons & other forms of gambling. And backgammons is worse than chess. 38
ی ی
. (ј 2 436)
40. The superior most mind is the man's recognition of his self. 39
. ( 78 352)
1. Wasail ul-Shia, Vol. 18, P 557
2. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 338
3. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 338
4. Tuhaf al-Uqul P422
5. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 92, P 14
6. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 92, P 117
7. Usool al-Kafi , Vol. 1 , P 200
8. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 75, P 374
9. Wasail ul-Shia, Vol. 18, P 102
10. Usool al-Kafi. Vol. 2, P 241
11. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 336
12. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 352
13. Tuhful-Aqool, P 445
14. Aoyun Akhbar Ur Reza (as) Vol. 2, P 127
15. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 336
16. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 96, P 370
17. Ayan Akhbar Er Reza, Vol. 2, P 109, Alhayat Vol. I. P 233
18. Ayan Akhbar Er Reza Vol. 1, P 258)
19. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 347
20. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 346
21. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 335
22. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 355
23. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 335
24. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78. P 345
25. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 82, P 261
26. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 375
27. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 66, P 491
28. Wasail ush-Shia, Vol. 17, P 22
29. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 356,
Note: Six objects have been mentioned here instead of seven.
30. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 338
31. Wasail ush-Shia, Vol. 1. P 87
32. Wasail ush-Shia, Vol. 8, P 442
33. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 347
34. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 6, P 21
35. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 335
36. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 352
37. Usool al-Kafi, Vol. 1, P 468
38. Mustadral Al Wasail Vol. 2, P 436
39. Bihar ul-Anwar Vol. 78, P 352

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