Hazrat Fatimah al-Zahra (S.A.), the Daughter of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.)
By: Ayatullah Ibrahim Amini
Principles of Shi’ite Creed
Hadrat Fāṭimah (A.S.) was born on 20 Jumādā al-Thānī, five years after the appointment of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) from Bibi Khadījah (S.A.). At the age of five, her mother passed away. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) loved his daughter so much that he used to say “Fāṭimah is the dearest and most respected of people to me.”
Hadrat Fāṭimah’s stature in terms of great human attributes, and virtues, and God’s worship was so high that whenever she went to the Prophet’s house, she was welcomed and greeted by him and he kissed her hand and gave his place to her and about her he has said, “Fāṭimah (S.A.) is my flesh, whoever pleases her has pleased me and whoever offends her has offended me.”
Imām Ḥasan (A.S.) recounts that, “On a Friday night, my mother, Fāṭimah (S.A.), was engaged in worshipping God and saying prayers nonstop until daybreak but she prayed for other people most of the time. I told her, ‘O mother! Why don’t you pray for yourself?’ She replied, ‘O my son! First neighbors, then ourselves.’”
One day, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) asked, “What is the best thing for women?”
Hadrat Fāṭimah (S.A.) replied, “O Father! It is best for women not to be seen by strange men and not to see a strange man.” The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) embraced her and said, “Offspring and generation that some spring from some.” That is, Fāṭimah (S.A.) is the daughter of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) and has obtained her excellence from him.
Indeed, today when the societies are suffering from the consequences of mixing the sexes and their unrestricted relationship, they appreciate the true meaning of Fāṭimah’s remarks that the only way through which the society might be kept from corruption and depravity is to segregate the sexes at work and at school, otherwise, the society will plunge deeper and deeper into corruption and decadence.
Hadrat Fāṭimah (S.A.) died at the age of eighteen. For nine years she lived with Imam ‘Alī (A.S.) and bore children like Imām Ḥasan (A.S.), Imām Ḥusayn (A.S.), and Hadrat Zaynab (S.A.) for the Muslim community. Eventually, approximately three months after the heavenly departure of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.), she passed away in Madinah and was secretly buried overnight. During these three months, she did her best to defend Imam ‘Alī’s right to succession and leadership and finally sacrificed her life for the same cause.