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Three dimensions of the personality of Hazrat Fatima Zahra (A.S.)

By: Ayatollah Khamenei
Presently, these days belong to the most superior woman who walked on the earth, the greatest lady throughout history: Lady Fatima (as). She was an exemplary woman, who, although lived a short life and departed earth as a young lady, is a role model for all zealous, devout Muslim men and women, and even non-Muslim people who are familiar with her prestigious position.
We should follow Fatima's lead. During the life of Fatima (as), there is one point that we should consider. Here, we will not question the degree of her spiritual position and knowledge; we are not even capable of comprehending the spiritual greatness of Fatima (as). In fact, at the top of human spirituality and perfection, only God knows and understands the high level of such individuals--and others at their level. Thus, Fatima (as) is only known to her husband, her great father Mohammad (pbuh), and her pure children. The people of her time, of other times, and we in this era are not able to recognize the brilliance and splendour of her spirituality. The bright light of spirituality is not detectable by everybody’s eyes; our short-sighted and weak eyes are unable to see the luminosity of humanity in these great personalities.
Therefore, we do not discuss the definition of Fatima’s (as) spirituality. However, in her ordinary life, there is an important point: on the one hand, as a Muslim woman, she perfectly performs her duties at home and behaves nicely towards her husband and children; on the other hand, as a zealous, tireless person she acts for her causes. In political events, shortly after the death of her father Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), she went to the mosque, gave a speech, expressed her position and defended her cause. Hence, she represented a marvelous, fighting personality that is tireless, enduring, and tolerant.
The third aspect of her life reveals her as a devotee of Allah, who performs prayers in the dark of nights, up rises for Allah, and is humble before Allah; and, in the worshipping chamber, this young lady worships and speaks to God like the old pious people. Combining these three dimensions is the luminous point in the life of Fatima (as). She did not separate the three dimensions.
Some people think that those who worship God are only concerned with prayers and worship, and cannot be involved in politics. Or, some people think that those--women and men--who are active in politics and the arena of jihad on the path of Allah, if a woman, she cannot perform her duties at home as a mother and a wife; and as a man, he cannot be a good businessman, husband or father.
They think these qualities are contradictory. Whereas, in the view of Islam, these aspects not only reveal that there are no contradictions, but they are also helpful towards achieving the perfect human personality.

Sunnis too attribute numerous hadiths to the Holy Prophet (SAWA) praising Fatima Zahra (pbuh)
If you investigate the books written by Sunni scholars on Hazrat Fatima (as), you will see numerous hadiths attributed to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), praising Hazrat Fatima (as); or describing the behavior of the Prophet (pbuh) towards her highness (as). Many of these hadiths were narrated by those who were close to the Prophet (pbuh), like his wives.
About Hazrat Fatima (as), whenever we speak of her, words cannot describe her; indeed, we do not know how to express that and what to think [in regard to Fatima (as)].
The scope of this angelic woman's behavioral dimensions, this unique soul, this quintessence of Prophethood and Wilaya is so vast and extensive that it is beyond our understanding: this astonishes us completely.
As you know, living in the same era is a factor that prevents accurate acknowledgement of great personalities. Shining stars among human societies, while living, went mostly unrecognized by others who lived during their time, except for a few of the prominent persons among prophets and pious individuals--only known to a small number of the people.
However, Hazrat Fatima (as) was such a well-known personality that, at her time, not only her father, husband, children (pbut) and her special followers were aware of her high position, but even those who didn’t have a close relationship with her admired her.
If you investigate the books written by Sunni scholars on Hazrat Fatima (as), you will see numerous hadiths attributed to the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), praising Hazrat Fatima (as); or describing the behavior of the Prophet (pbuh) towards her highness (as). Many of these hadiths were narrated by those who were close to the Prophet (pbuh), like his wives.
For instance, there is a famous hadith from Aisha which reads: “I didn’t see a person more similar to the Prophet (pbuh) than Fatima (as) who looked like him in appearance, face, brightness, behavior and manners. When Fatima (as) came to see the Prophet (pbuh), he got to his feet and advanced toward her enthusiastically.”
The Arabic expression used in this hadith implies this meaning: "When Hazrat Fatima (as) entered the room, the Prophet did not only stand up [as a sign of respect], he stood and walked towards her." In some hadiths from the same narrator [Aisha] we read: “He kissed Hazrat Fatima (as), took her hand, and invited her to sit in his place.” This reveals the high status of Hazrat Fatima (as).
What more can be said about this lady? What can be said about this magnificent person?

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