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Promised Rewards on Hardships

Chapter 1

On Persevering in the Face of Calamities
1611- Am'mar ibn Marvan quoted on the authority of Imam Kazim (a.s): "You are not believers unless you are trusted by the people, count calamities as blessings, and consider easy life as a calamity, since perseverance in the face of a calamity is better than well-being while having an easy life."
1612- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Whoever was given a grateful heart, a remembering tongue, a body persevering in the face of hardships, and a pious wife is given the best of this world and the Hereafter.":
1613- Imam Sajjad (a.s) said: "Whenever a believer withstands calamities for three days and does not complain to anyone, God will solve his problem."
1614- Jabir asked Imam Baqir (a.s): "What is meant by perseverance with gratitude?" He said: "It means perseverance without complaining to the people. Abraham (a.s) sent the Blessed Jacob (a.s) to one of the monks for some reason. When the monk saw Jacob, he thought he was Abraham. He rushed ahead and hugged him, and said: "Welcome, friend of God." Jacob said: "I am Jacob, the son of Issac, the son of Abraham." The monk said: "Then why do you look so old?" He said: "Sorrow and grief, and illness has done this to me." He was about to depart when revelation came: "O' Jacob! Why did you complained about Me near My servant?" Then Jacob fell down in prostration next to the door and said: "O' God! I will never do this again." God revealed to him "I will forgive you, but never again do this." From then on he never complained about any calamities. Just once he said: "I take my complaints about grief and sorrow only to God. I know something about God that you do not know."
1615- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God the Almighty said: "I took both eyes of My servant, and he was patient regarding My decree, and submitted to what I destined. I granted him Heaven in return."
1616- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "Whenever God takes away a believer's eyes, He will reward him with Heaven in return."
1617- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "Blindness is a form of imprisonment on the Earth by God. God will imprison with blindness any one He wishes for as long as He wills on the Earth."
1618- A blind man went to see the Prophet of God (a.s) and said: "O' Prophet of God! Please pray for my eyes to see. The Prophet (a.s) said: "I will pray for you if you wish to regain your sight, but do you not wish to meet your Lord as you are without any reckoning?" The man said: "I prefer to meet Him without any reckoning." God's Prophet (a.s) said: "God is nobler than to take some one's sight and then punish him."
1619- There was a blind man among the companions of Abu Hanifeh with whom the people sympathized a lot. Ibn Hanifeh told him: "O' Abdulvaqas! Do you want me to tell you a tradition about Jesus, the son of Mary?" He then added:
"The disciples told Jesus: "O' Word of God! We want you to show us a miracle so that we can realize your rank near God." Jesus said: "O' children of Israeil! What are you denying?" They said: "We do not deny anything, but we want you to show us a miracle." He said: "What do you want?" They said: "Ask God to make one of our blind people able to see." He said: "Bring whomever you wish." They all gathered, and Jesus sat them along the side of a river and said: " (This is missing in the original document.)
1620- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Physical disabilities are placed in the poor so they cannot cover them up. If they were placed in the rich, they could cover them up."
1621- A man went to see Imam Sadiq (a.s). Imam Sadiq (a.s) started to talk with him but he did not hear what the Imam (a.s) said and complained to him about having difficulty hearing well. Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Why do you not recite the Blessed Fatima's glorifications of the Lord." He asked "What are they?" Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "You say "God is Great" thirty four times, "Praise be to God" thirty three times, and "Glory to God" thirty three times for a total of one hundred times." The man reported that he said these praises for a short time, then his hearing difficulty was cured.
1622- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A Muslim always has three characteristics: knowledge about the religion, good management of life, and perseverance in the face of calamities."
1623- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Hiding calamities is one of the best treasures."
1624- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "On the Resurrection Day, a group of people will pass above other people and enter Heaven before the Reckoning. They are asked "Why do you deserve to go to Heaven before the Reckoning?" They will say: "In the world we were among those who persevered."
1625- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "The relationship between perseverance and faith is similar to that of the head and the body. If the head goes, so will the body. And if perseverance goes, so will faith."
1626- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There is no fever, headache, or nervous problem except due to committing a sin. There are many sins that God will forgive."
1627- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Whenever one suffers from a calamity, or remembers one and says "From God we are, and to Him is our return", and he is patient, God will forgive all his past sins, or the sins he has committed from the last time he said "From God we are, and to Him is our return."
1628- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Complaining about a calamity implies saying that you suffer from a calamity no one has ever suffered before. If you say I stayed up last night and got a fever today or the like, it does not constitute complaining about a calamity."
1629- A man quoted on the authority of his father: "When Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) was struck, Imam Hassan (a.s) sent me to deliver a letter to Imam Hussein (a.s) in Madaen. When the Imam (a.s) read the letter he said: What a great tragedy. God's Prophet (a.s) was right when he said: "Whoever suffers a tragedy should remember my tragedies, since no creatures suffer from worse tragedies."
1630- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Whenever you experience a calamity regarding yourself, your property or your children, remember the calamities experienced by God's Prophet (a.s). No creatures ever suffered from worse tragedies.
1631- Safavan al-Jam'mal said: "We were with Imam Sadiq (a.s) when a man came and complained about a tragedy he had suffered from. The Imam (a.s) said: If you persevere you will be rewarded, but if you do not, divine destiny will happen and you will not receive any rewards."
1632- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever expresses condolence to one who is grieving will be clothed in an attire in the Hereafter that will be a source of honor for him."
1633- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Expressing condolence is a cause of entering Heaven."
1634- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s) that God the Almighty said: "I have established the world as a loan among My servants. Whoever gives Me a loan, I will return to him whatever I will from ten to seven hundred times. Whoever does not give Me a loan from it, and I take away something from him against his will, I will give him three characteristics, each of which will cause the angels to be content if I give it to the angels." Then Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God the Almighty said: "Who say, when afflicted with calamity: "To God we belong, and to Him is our return. They are those on whom (descend) blessings from God," [The Holy Quran: Baqara 2:156-157] This is one of these characteristics. "...,And Mercy" [The Holy Quran: Baqara 2:157] is the second one "...,And they are the ones that receive guidance."[The Holy Quran: Baqara 2:157] is the third. Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "This is for one from whom God takes something against his will."
1635- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "It is better to be crippled than have scabies. We seek refuge in God from scabies."
1636- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "When a good child of a believer dies it is considered to be God's share of inheritance from that believer."
1637- Mehran narrated that a man wrote a letter to Imam Baqir (a.s) and complained about the tragedy of the death of his child and the hardships that he had suffered. Imam Baqir (a.s) wrote in response: "Do you not know that God takes away a believer's wealth and children to give him a reward instead."

Chapter 2

On the Nobility of Illness and Hiding it1
1638- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "A body that does not get ill will increase one's bad deeds, and a body that does bad deeds is no good."
1639- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God the Almighty said: If My believing servants would not have gotten upset, I would have tied up the heads of the infidels with an iron handkerchief so that they would never get a headache."
1640- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted God's Prophet (a.s): "The story of a believer is like that of a branch of a tree which the winds move around. The believer gets pushed around by pains and illnesses. The story of a hypocrite is like that of a straight cane which is never bent or harmed until death approaches and it bends down."
1641- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Visit the ill, and ask them to pray for you, since their prayer is equal to the prayers of the angels. Whenever one gets ill at night and accepts it with pleasure, God will record the reward of sixty years of worship for him." He was asked: "What do you mean by accepting it with pleasure?" He said: "It means that he does not complain to anyone about his illness."
1642- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Go to visit the ill and ask them to pray for you since their prayer equals the prayers of the angels. Whoever gets ill at night and accepts it with pleasure and is grateful for it, gets the reward of sixty years of worship." They asked him: "What do you mean by its acceptance?" He said: "To be patient, and inform no one else about his problem. When the night passes and the morning arrives, he should thank God for what he suffered."

Chapter 3

On Grief
1643- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) said: "When one's sins increase a lot, and there are no good deeds to cover the sins, then God will make him grieve as penalty for his sins."
1644- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) expressed his condolences to Ashath ibn Ghays who had lost his son, and said: "If you grieve for your child, it is fine, but if you are patient God will give you a reward in return for your son. If you are patient, divine destiny will happen and you will get rewarded, but if you mourn divine destiny will happen anyway, but you have committed a sin."
1645- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever commits a lot of sins without enough penalty for them, God will make him suffer from grief as penalty for his sins. If God does not do so, He will torture him in the grave so that he is left with no sins to witness against him when he appears in front of his Lord to meet Him."
1646- In Al-Seyed Nasih al-Din it is narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) said: "God the Almighty loves any grieving heart."
1647- In Elal al-Sharayeh it is narrated that Abdul Rahman said to Imam Kazim (a.s): "Sometimes I get so sad that I cannot recognize my family, property or children." Imam Kazim (a.s) said: "Every person has a special angel and an evil one. When you get happy, the angel approaches you, and when you get sad, the evil one will approach you. This is the interpretation of the Almighty God's statement: "The Evil One threatens you with poverty and bids you to conduct unseemly. God promiseth you His forgiveness and bounties. And God careth for all and He knoweth all things." [The Holy Quran: Baqara 2:268]

Chapter 4

On Peace of Mind
1648- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "If the believers did not insist on their demands for a better life, God would have made their lives even harder."
1649- The disciples of Jesus (a.s) complained to him about the people humiliating them. He said: "Be patient. The believers always experience the animosity of others towards them. Their similitude is like that of wheat that is sweet but has lots of enemies."
1650- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Those who love to become unknown, and those who like to remain unknown will become famous."
1651- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "Islam was strange at first, and will soon return to its original state. Blessed be strangers! Then he said: "Have you not seen any good men in a tribe about whom they say: He is like a stranger among them?"
1652- Imam Sajjad (a.s) said: "God's Prophet passed by a cameleer. He sent someone to ask for some milk. The cameleer said: "What is in the pans is the dinner for the tribe and what is in their breasts is the breakfast for the tribe." The Prophet (a.s) said: "O' God! Please increase his wealth and children." Then he went on until they reached a shepherd. He sent someone to ask for some milk. The shepherd milked the sheep and gave all the milk in the pans plus that milk to the Prophet, along with one sheep and said: "This was what we had, and we will even give you more if you want." God's Prophet (a.s) said: "O' God! Please give him only his sustenance." One of the companions said: "O' Prophet of God! You prayed the way we all like to be prayed for, for the man who turned you down. But you prayed the way none of us like to be prayed for the man who fulfilled your needs." God's Prophet (a.s) said: "What is available but is little is better than what is a lot but takes away one's peace of mind. O' God! Please provide for Muhammad and his family just their sustenance."
1653- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Consider yourself dead when you reach the age of sixty."

Chapter 5

On the Sufferings of Believers
1654- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Abu Hamzeh narrated that Imam Sajjad (a.s) said: "O' Abu Hamzeh! The people will not leave you even if you leave them, and they will not abandon you if you abandon them." Abu Hamzeh said: "Then what should I do?" He said: "Grant them something now that you can as a savings for when you become needy."
1655- Murazem narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "O' Murazem! Always treat the people nicely, even if they swear at us."
1656- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There has never been a Prophet or a believer, and shall never be any, until the Resurrection Day who does not have a neighbor who bothers him."
1657- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There has never been a Prophet or a believer, and shall never be any, until the Resurrection Day who does not have a relative who bothers him."
1658- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A believer always has one or more of the following troubles. Either a person with whom he lives in the same house will close the door and not let him in, or there is a neighbor who will bother him, or someone will bother him on his way to work. Even if a believer lives on the top of a mountain, God will appoint a Satan to disturb him. God will establish a companion out of his own faith for him not to fear anyone."
1659- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "If a believer is at sea on just a piece of wood, God will send a Satan to bother him."

Chapter 6

On Calamities and Trials
1689- In Al-Sabr val-Ta'deeb it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A believer asks God for something he needs, but God puts it off and says: "I delay fulfilling his needs due to My eagerness to his supplication." When the Hereafter comes, the Almighty God says: "O' My servant! You asked Me for something in the world, but I delayed fulfilling it. Here is the reward. You then asked Me for something else, but I delayed fulfilling it again. Here is the reward." The The Imam (a.s) said: "At this time the believer who sees all the good rewards, wishes that his needs in the world for which he prayed had never been fulfilled."
1690- Imam Kazim (a.s) said: "God the Almighty said: I did not make the rich ones rich for their honor near Me, and I did not make the poor ones poor for their humiliation near Me. Rather this is how I test the rich by the poor people. If there were no poor people, none of the rich people could be certified to go to Heaven."
1691- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Two angels who were descending from the heavens to the Earth met each other. One asked the other about his mission. He said: "God gave me the mission to go to sea to force a fish to go to one of the oppressors so he, who had wished to catch it, would be able to do so. So I must go and force that fish in the sea towards him so that the oppressor can catch it, and achieve his last goal." The other angel said: "My divine mission is even stranger than yours. God gave me the mission to go to a believer who is fasting and stays up at night to worship God, and is such a good worshipper that he is famous in the heavens. I am supposed to turn over the pan of food that he has just prepared for breaking his fast since God wants to test his faith this way."
1692- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God sent down an angel to Earth. He stayed on the Earth for a long time and then returned to the heavens. He was asked: "What did you see there?" He said: "I saw many amazing things there, but the most amazing thing that I saw was someone who abused your blessings. He ate of what You provided for his sustenance, but claimed to be god. I was amazed at his boldness and Your Patience." God the Almighty said: "You were amazed at My Patience? I let him live for four hundred years, and he never got ill. I granted to him whatever he wanted in the world, and I never changed his food and drinks."
1693- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God will push believers away from what they like but He dislikes, just as a man pushes away a camel with scabies from his other camels."
1694- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "One day Moses (a.s) was walking along the shore. A fisherman came suddenly and prostrated to the sun and said some polytheistic things and words. Then he cast his net in the sea and pulled it out filled with fish, and did the same thing again twice and got a lot of fish like the first time. Next someone else came. He made ablution and stood to pray. He praised the Lord and cast his net into the sea, but got no fish when he pulled it out. He did it again and again, but only caught a small fish the third time. He thanked God and left. Then Moses said: "O' Lord! The atheist servant came, and cast his net three times and pulled it out full of fish. Then Your believing servant made ablution and said his prayers and praised you and cast his net three times but only managed to catch one fish. Then he praised you and left!" God told Moses: "Look to the right." Moses looked to the right. The curtain to the Unseen was pushed aside and he saw the position that God had prepared for the believer. Then God said: "O' Moses! Look to the left." He turned around and looked to the left. The curtain to the Unseen was pushed aside and he saw the position that God had prepared for the atheist. Then God said: "O' Moses! What I did for the believer did not harm him, and what I did for the atheist one did not benefit him." Then Moses said: "O' Lord! It is right that whoever recognizes You is content with Your deeds."
1695- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "A believer is so honored by God that God will even grant him Heaven with everything in it if he asks for it, without anything being reduced from God's Dominion; but God will not grant him even one foot of this world if he asks for it. An infidel is so despised by God that God will even grant him this world with everything in it if he asks for it without anything being reduced from God's Dominion; but God will not grant him even one foot of Heaven if he asks for it. God will attend to His believing servants through calamities, and instruct them to abstain from this world just as a doctor instructs his patients to abstain from things."
1696- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "God will grant this world to His friends and His enemies, but will only give the Hereafter to His friends. God will not grant to His believing servants even enough room for one whip from this world if they ask for it, and grant him whatever he wants from the Hereafter. God will grant to the infidels from this world before they ask for it, but will not grant them even enough room for a whip from Heaven if they ask for it."
1697- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God the Almighty will apologize to his needy servants in this world just as a brother apologizes to his brother, and says: "I swear by My Honor that I did not make you poor to humiliate you. Now push the curtain aside and see what I have given you instead. When the curtain is pushed aside and he sees what God Has rewarded him with instead of this world, he says: "O' God! There was no harm for me due to what You took away from me (in the world) considering what you have given me instead (now in the Hereafter)."
1698- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God will grant this world to both His friends and enemies, but will only give faith to His chosen servants."
1699- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Poverty is like a hidden treasure near God, just like martyrdom. God will only grant it to the believers that He loves."
1700- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whenever God loves a servant, He will appoint two angels to put off the fulfillment of his needs and make life difficult for him so that he calls God since God likes to hear his voice."
1701- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s) that God the Almighty said: "I will make ill whomever I wish to send to Heaven. If it is enough penalty for his sins, it is fine. But if not, I will make life difficult for him. If it is enough of penalty for his sins, it is fine. But if it is not, I will make his death hard for him so that he comes to Me free of sin, and I let him enter Heaven. I will make perfectly healthy whomever I wish to send to Hell. If what he asks Me is completely fulfilled this way, then it is fine. But if it is not, I will free him from the fear of the oppressors. If what he asks Me is completely fulfilled this way, it is fine. But if it is not, I will make his death an easy one so that when he comes to meet Me, none of his good deeds have remained un-rewarded. Then I will send him to Hell."
1702- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "One has a very high noble position near God. God will make him suffer a lot of calamities to reach that position. Lots of people will rush in to express their condolence to him and express their sympathy. If the people only knew what position God has granted him, they would have never sympathized with him, or expressed their condolence. God sends down some worldly things to some people to seize their Hereafter, and the people rush in to express congratulations. If the people only knew what is awaiting him in the Hereafter, they would have never become happy or congratulated him."
1703- Salman ibn Ghanem narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) asked him: "How did you find the Shiites?" He said: "I found them needy, while difficulties came towards them faster than rain water flows towards the drain." Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God is the Helper. Are you pleased with your belief or do you prefer to be paid one hundred thousand Durhams instead?" He said: "I swear by God that I do not want it even if it is as much gold as the mountains of Mecca." Who is more self-sufficient than you and your companions? None of you have anything to lose, even if you wander about and eat the leaves of the trees and plants until your death approaches."
1704- Imam Baqir (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "God does not need anyone whose body and wealth are of no benefit to God."
1705- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There are some servants of God from whom He will remove any calamities that descend from the heavens and alleviate any reduction in their daily bread. If they divide the illumination of each one of these servants among all the people of the Earth, it will suffice them all."
1706- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There will not pass forty days before God either descends a calamity or a physical illness upon a believer so as to reward him for it1."
1707- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "If a believer only knew what the reward for perseverance in the face of calamities is, he would always wish to be torn into pieces."
1708- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "A believer is like a weak branch which is pushed back and forth by the wind, and an infidel is like an invulnerable iron column, until his death approaches and he goes to Hell."
1709- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "A group of people went to see Imam Sajjad (a.s). Abdullah ibn Abbas was with him, too. The people talked about the calamities of the Shiites and their sufferings. Then they went to see Imam Hussein (a.s) and said the same things. Imam Hussein (a.s) said: "I swear by God that the speed with which poverty and calamities rush towards our friends is more than the running speed of the zebra, the speed of the flood and the rainfall. If you are not suffering this way, then we know that you are not one of us. Your orphans will be helped by us, your debts will be repaid by us, and your sins will be forgiven by us."
1710- Someone talked about calamities and things that God has allocated to believers in front of Imam Sadiq (a.s). He said: "They asked the Prophet of God: "Who experiences the worst calamities in this world?" The Prophet answered: "The Prophets experience the worst calamities in this world. Then those who are most similar to them, and then the believers experience calamities based on their level of faith and good deeds. The calamities experienced by those whose deeds are more will be worse. Whoever has a weaker faith and less good deeds will experience less calamities."
1711- Abi Salih narrated that he suffered from leg pain and Imam Sadiq (a.s) passed by his store while he was resting. Imam Sadiq (a.s) asked him how he felt. He told him that his legs hurt. Imam Sadiq (a.s) invited him to his house. When Abi Salih went to Imam Sadiq (a.s)'s house, Imam Sadiq (a.s) put his hands on his legs and prayed for him to get well. Then he said: "When God loves someone, he appoints an angel to hurt him so that he prays to God, and God hears his voice. When God is angry with someone, He appoints an angel to keep him free from trouble so that he does not call God in prayer since God does not like him to pray and ask him for something."
1712- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God the Almighty always sends calamities upon a believer. He cannot sleep one night and wake up the next morning without any problems. Either he gets ill or he has a family or financial problem or suffers from a natural disaster. All these are so that God can give him a reward instead."
1713- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Any believer is reminded (of God) once every forty days by either a tragic event of a financial or physical nature for himself or his children, or a sort of sadness which he does not understand the reason for. Then he will be rewarded."
1714- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Any believer is reminded (of God) once every forty days by a problem which makes him sad."
1715- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A servant of God has a rank near God which he cannot attain unless he gets ill or loses some of his property."
1716- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Whenever God wishes to honor one who has committed sins, He will make him ill, or needy, or make him suffer from a difficult death to compensate for his sins. Whenever God wishes to humiliate someone who has done some good deeds, He will make him perfectly healthy, or improve his living conditions, or make his death an easy one for him to compensate for his good deeds (in this world before he goes to meet his Lord)."
1717- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There is a rank in Heaven which one cannot attain unless he gets physically ill."
1718- Imam Baqir (a.s) narrated that once when Moses (a.s) left the house, he met one of the Israelites. He went to Mount Tur with him and asked him to sit down until he returned. He drew a circle around him and raised his head towards the sky and said: "I entrust You with my friend. You are the best Guardian." Then he left. Then he went away and made supplications to God in a truly spiritual way. When he returned, he saw that a lion had attacked his friend, torn him into pieces, and eaten him up. Then Moses (a.s) raised his head towards the sky and said: "O' God! I entrusted him with You because You are the best Guardian. But You sent your worst beast to attack him, kill him, tear him into pieces and eat him up!" A revelation came: "O' Moses! Your friend had a rank in Heaven that he could not attain otherwise. O' Moses! Look!" Then the curtains of the Unseen were drawn aside and Moses (a.s) looked on and saw his friend in an exalted house. Then Moses said: "O' Lord! I am pleased."
1719- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A man went to see God's Prophet (a.s). The Prophet asked him: "When did you suffer from "Umm Maldam"? The man asked: "What is Umm Maldam?" The Prophet (a.s) said: "It is a sort of headache in this part of the head and a rise in temperature in the head and the chest." The man said: "O' Prophet of God! I have never suffered from this pain." He then turned around and left. The Prophet told his companions: "Whoever wants to look at one of the people of Hell can look at this man who turned around. The similitude of a hypocrite is like that of a tree trunk which someone owns and wants to use in a part of his building. However it is not useful in that part of the building, and he tries to use it elsewhere in the building. But it is not useful there either. Thus he finally burns it in fire. And the similitude of a believer is like a newly-grown plant. The wind will blow it to either side, but it returns to its original place. That is the wind will agitate it until the time comes for it to be picked."
1720- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "The similitude of a believer is like that of a newly-grown plant which the wind blows to either side. A believer suffers a lot of pain and suffers from many illnesses until he dies. But the similitude of a hypocrite is like that of a straight iron cane which nothing can damage. This situation exists for a hypocrite until his death approaches and smashes him down."
1721- al-Mufaz'zil ibn Amr asked Imam Sadiq (a.s): "Will a believer suffer from grief and sorrow?" Imam Sadiq (a.s) replied: "His grief and sorrow are due to his past negligence and sins. The sins of the Prophets and those with certitude are all forgiven."
1722- Zaris al-Kanasi narrated that he went to see Imam Baqir (a.s) with several other people including Hamran ibn Aein. Hamran said: "O' May I be your devoted servant! When we read the verse:
"Whatever misfortune happens to you is because of the things your hands have wrought." [The Holy Quran: Shura 42:30]
does it mean that the misfortunes that happened to the Prophet (a.s) and Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) and the Holy Household were due to sins?" Imam Baqir (a.s) replied: "O' Hamran! Their misfortunes were not due to sins. But their misfortunes were so extensive that they will get rewarded for them."
1723- Imam Sadiq (a.s) narrated that the Prophet of God (a.s) told his companions: "You should ask God for health, since you are not from those who will suffer from calamities."
1724- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of Imam Sajjad (a.s): "I do not like anyone who is constantly healthy in this world, and never suffers from any calamities."
1725- Imam Baqir (a.s) said that God the Almighty said: "Some of My servants are such that their religious affairs will not improve unless they get poor or sick."
1726- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "When someone who usually prays to God has a problem and prays to God for help, his voice is recognized. But when someone who does not usually pray to God has a problem and prays to God for help, it is said: "His voice is not recognized." Whenever I face two issues, one related to this world, and the other one related to the Hereafter, I never prefer the worldly issue over that of the Hereafter. But if I ever choose the worldly issue, I run into some problems before dark. I am amazed that the Bani Ummayad clan always prefers the worldly issues over those of the Hereafter, even though they do not like to see what they dislike."
1727- Isma'il ibn Jarir said: "I thought that when my camel and I fell down hard, it was the punishment for a sin I had committed before. One day when I went to see Imam Sadiq (a.s), before I said something Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Jacob got sick but did not ask his Lord for remedy. He had not getten sick due to having committed any sins. Some people came to visit him but he smelled so bad that their horses would not come near him. One of them yelled: "O' Jacob! You would not have suffered this way if you had not committed any sins." At this time Jacob called his Lord and God cured him."
1728- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said the following regarding the following verse: "And were it not that (all) men might become of one (evil) way of life, we would provide for everyone that blasphemes against (God) Most Gracious, silver roofs for their houses, and silver stairways on which to go up." [The Holy Quran: Zukhruf 43:33] "If God did this all the people would become infidels."
1729- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said that God the Almighty said: "If it did not hurt My servants, I would grant the infidels a golden crown and they would not have any misfortunes until they meet Me."
1730- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God the Almighty created a house and created people to live in it. This house is the world. He established His friends to be guests for the people of the world."
1731- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Whoever believes in the following will not lose anything. It is better for one not to have any shelter other than the trees and eat only the leaves of the trees."

Chapter 7

On Calamities and Hardships
1732- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Whenever God the Almighty loves someone, He will throw him into trouble and storm him with calamities. When he prays to God for help, God will say: "O' My servants! I hear your prayer and have the power to immediately fulfill your requests if I so wish, but I will save it for you; and what I save for you is better."
1733- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "Great calamities have great rewards. When God loves someone, He will make him suffer great calamities. God will be pleased with whoever is content with these calamities. Whoever is displeased, God will be displeased with him."
1734- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God has especial servants on the Earth. God will not send down any gifts to this world unless He deprives them of these gifts, and will not descend any calamities unless they suffer from these calamities. They are the followers of (Imam) Ali (a.s)."
1735- Imam Baqir (a.s) quoted on the authority of Imam Sajjad (a.s) that God's Prophet (a.s) said: "A believer will go after business and trade. When he finds what he is after, God will send down an angel and will instruct the angel to prevent him from that work, since if he continues doing that he will go to Hell. An angel will descend and prevent him from doing what he wanted to do, by God's Favor. The next morning he says: "Something prevented me from doing that." Of course it was God who prevented him. He does not know that God the Glorious, the High was witness to his deeds and knew that if he succeeds in doing that act, He will send him to Hell."
1736- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There is always a great reward for a great calamity. God will send calamities to any nations that He loves."
1737- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "I swear by God that no one can attain nobility near God unless his sufferings increase."
1738- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "The people who suffered the worst hardships were the Prophets. Then there were those who followed them and then the people who are most similar to the Prophets suffer the worst hardships."
1739- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "The people who suffered the worst hardships were the Prophets. Then there are those are most similar to the Prophets who suffer the worst hardships."
1740- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God's Prophet (a.s) was asked: "Which people suffer the most in this world?" The Prophet (a.s) said: "The Prophets. Then those who are most similar to them. Then the believers will suffer according to the degree of their faith and good deeds. The stronger their faith, and the more their good deeds are, the worst will their sufferings be."
1741- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "A believer is similar to a scale. The stronger his faith, the more his sufferings will be."
1742- Imam Kazim (a.s) said: "You will not be true believers unless you are trustworthy and consider sufferings to be blessings, and consider welfare to be a tragedy, since perseverance in the face of hardships is better than negligence at times of comfort."
1743- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "A believer will suffer from calamities in this world according to his religiousness."
1744- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Those who follow the right way are always in hardship. But this hardship is for a short duration, and it will be followed by a long period of well-being."
1745- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There is a rank near God for His servants which they cannot attain unless they either get sick or lose some property."
1746- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "One of the reasonings of God the Almighty for his servants in the Hereafter is expressed by him saying: "Did I not make your remembrance pleasant?"
1747- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God told Moses the son of Imran (a.s) in one of His revelations: "O' Moses! I have not created anything dearer than My believing servant. I will make him suffer for what is better for him, and then give him a reward that is better for him. I know best what is better for him. He must persevere in the face of My hardships, and be grateful for My blessings. He must be content with My decree. If he acts according to My decree and oobeys Me, then I will record him as being one of the Righteous."
1748- Abi Basir narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Ask your Lord for well-being since you are not from among those who will suffer calamities. Before you there were those of the Israelites who were torn into pieces to force them to convert to atheism, but they did not do so."
1749- Muavieh ibn Am'mar narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "There was a man in the past who was content with whatever hurt him in this world, and so many good deeds were recorded for him that were not recorded for anyone else on the Earth, and he never committed any sins. One of the angels who liked him asked God for permission to descend down to Earth and visit him. He was standing in prayer and the angel sat down near him. Suddenly a lion jumped on the man and tore him into four pieces and threw each piece on a side. The angel stood up, collected the parts of his body and buried him. Then he went to the seashore and saw a polytheist there for whom the people brought a variety of foods in golden and silver dishes. The man was uttering polytheistic sayings and was the king of India. The angel ascended to the heavens. He was summoned and asked what he had seen. He said: "The most amazing thing that I saw was that You let a lion tear into pieces the man for whom You recorded the best good deeds, and I saw that you gave perfect health to a polytheist to whom You gave a kingdom, and for whom the people brought a variety of foods in golden and silver dishes." God the Almighty said: "Do not be surprised about My first servant. He had asked Me for a high rank in Heaven which he could not attain any other way. I fed him to a lion to let him reach that rank. However, I did not do anything for the other man, since he will get My torture in the Hereafter."
1750- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) said: "There are some excellent ranks in Heaven which one cannot attain unless he suffers from a calamity. But whenever you suffer a calamity, recall my calamities which are the worst calamities."
1751- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "The greatest reward is for the worst calamities. When God loves a nation, He will send down a calamity upon them. God will be pleased with whoever is content, and will be displeased with whoever is displeased."
1752- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "A servant is always faced with calamities, divine destiny and blessings. He must persevere in the face of calamities that God descends down upon him, he must submit to divine destiny and be grateful for God's blessings."
1753- In Uyun Akhbar al-Reza it is narrated that Imam Reza (a.s) said: "Imam Sadiq (a.s) saw a man who was really upset about the death of his child. Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "You are so upset about a small tragedy, but you are neglecting the great tragedy. If you had prepared yourself to go to where your child has gone, you would have never become so upset. However forgetting to prepare for death is a greater tragedy than the death of your son."
1754- In Javame fil-Tafseer it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of the Prophet of God (a.s): "When the Letter of Deeds is opened and the Scales are setup, there are no Letters of Deeds for the people who suffered calamities." Then he recited the verse: "O' ye My servants who believe! Fear your Lord. God is the reward for those who do good in this world. Spacious is God's earth! Those who patiently persevere will truly receive a reward without a measure." [The Holy Quran: Zumar 39:10]
1755- Whoever says the following seven times after the morning prayer before saying anything else: "In the Name of God, the Most Gracious Most Merciful. There is no strength nor power but in, or by means of, God, the Exalted." God will fend off seventy types of calamities from him- the simplest of which is leprosy."
1756- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "Who does not like to sleep through the night without getting sick?" Everybody said hurriedly: "O' Prophet of God! Teach us how to do that. He said: "Do you want to be like a lost donkey?" They said: "O' Prophet of God! No we do not want that." The Prophet (a.s) said: "Do you not like to be continually suffering from calamities as penalty for your sins? I swear by the One who controls my life that God will send a calamity to a believer only if He wants to honor him, but he cannot attain the rank that God wants to give him through his own good deeds alone, and can attain it only if he suffers from a calamity."

Chapter 8

O the Necessity of a Believer's
Submission to Destiny
1757- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "God will do what He has destined, and acts justly in implementing His decrees. No one can revert what He has destined or put off His decrees. The best of God's creatures are those who submit to God's decrees. God's decrees will be implemented for whoever recognizes God the Almighty and is content with divine destiny, and God will increase his rewards. On the other hand, God's decree will also be implemented for whoever does not like divine destiny, and his rewards would also be wasted."
1758- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "The dearest people to me are those who do not display their bad feelings when they get upset about something and do not look happy when they are pleased with something."
1759- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "How does a believer claim to believe when he is not pleased with his destiny, and belittles himself while his destiny is in the hands of God? I guarantee that the supplications of whoever only thinks about pleasing God will be favorably accepted."
1760- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Inspect your hearts. If you see that God has purified them of fear and anxiety about your deeds, then ask God for whatever you want."
1761- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God will not destine anything for a believer unless it is good for him. It would be good for him even if he is torn into pieces, or becomes the owner of everything from the East to the West."
1762- Imam Kazim (a.s) said: "If anyone becomes neglectful of God, he should not accuse God for his delayed income or accuse Him regarding divine destiny."
1763- Imam Reza (a.s) was questioned about the orphan's treasure (mentioned in the Holy Quran). He said: "That treasure was a golden plate on which it was written: "In the Name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. There is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is God's Prophet." I am amazed how one who is certain about death can be happy, and one who is certain about divine destiny can be sad. I am amazed how one who sees the world, and sees how the tables turn on people, can be so attached to this world." It is not proper for one who has recognized God to get upset whenever there is a delay in his daily bread, or to accuse God regarding His decrees."
1764- Imam Baqir (a.s) quoted on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): "I am amazed at believers, since whatever God determines for them is good, whether it pleases them or upsets them. If God sends a calamity down upon a believer, it is penalty for his sins. If God gives him something and honors him, it is a gift."
1765- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "I am amazed at believers, since God will only destine what is good for them. If God makes a believer rich, it is good for him. If God sends a calamity down upon him, it is good for him. If God makes him the owner of whatever lies between the East and the West, it is good for him. Even if he is torn into pieces, it is good for him. There is good in any of God's decrees for a believer."
1766- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Imam Ali (a.s) said the following when he prayed: "O' Lord! Help me succeed in relying upon You, and leaving my affairs to You, and being content with what You have destined for me, and submit to your orders, so that I do not prefer to speed up what You delay, or put off what You speed up. O' Lord of the two worlds!"
1767- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "We really like to enjoy our family, relatives and servants. It is our right to ask God not to descend calamities upon us. But whenever God destines something, we are not allowed to like what God does not like."
1768- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "Moses, the son of Imran (a.s) said: O' Lord! I am content with Your decree. You make the elders die, and keep the children." God said: "O' Moses! Are you not pleased with the way I give them daily bread, and guard them?" Moses said: "O' Lord! What a good guardian and what a good advocate you are."

Chapter 9

On Death
1769- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "O' People! Fear God. He hears whatever you say and knows whatever you hide. Prepare yourselves for death. A death from which you try to escape will approach you. Even if you stay where you are, it will overcome you. It will remember you even if you forget it."
1770- It has been narrated that Usamat ibn Zayd bought a servant for one hundred Dinars to be paid for in one month. When God's Prophet (a.s) heard about this he said: "Are you not amazed that he has bought her and plans to pay for her in one month? Usamat has high ambitions. I swear by God who controls my life, that I do not even expect to live the very next moment. I am waiting for God to take away my life at any moment. I think I will die before I swallow any bite to eat." Then the Prophet (a.s) added: "O' Children of Adam! Prepare yourselves for death if you are intelligent. I swear by the One who controls my life: "All that hath been promised unto you will come to pass; nor can ye frustrate it (in the least bit)" [The Holy Quran: Anam 6:134]
1771- Imam Reza (a.s) was questioned about the saying of Ameer al-Momineen (a.s): "It is better to be killed with a sword than die in bed." Imam Reza (a.s) said: "It means to be killed in the way of God."
1772- Imam Baqir (a.s) narrated that when Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said his night prayer in Kufa, he loudly called the people in the mosque, so that they could hear him and said: "O' People! May God have Mercy upon you. Adopt fear of God which is the best thing for your trip to the Hereafter. Know that your path is towards the Hereafter, and that you must pass over the Bridge to the Hereafter. You have a great stress awaiting you. There are many awesome and hard to pass stages along the way. You have to go there, and stop at those stages. You can either pass through those awesome scenes and hardships and its trials by God's Mercy and be saved, or you may suffer from a destruction from which there is never any way to be saved."
1773- God's Prophet (a.s) told Abdullah ibn Umar: "Live like passers-by and prepare yourself for death."
1774- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that God's Prophet (a.s) said: "There is comfort in death for a believer because he departs the world from which he fears, and he rushes towards what he expects and hopes for."
1775- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that one of the Ansar –helpers- asked God's Prophet (a.s): "Why is it that I do not like death?" The Prophet (a.s) asked: "Do you have any wealth?" He said: "Yes." Then the Prophet (a.s) said: "Then send your wealth (to the Hereafter) ahead of yourself. One is always attached to his wealth. If he sends it ahead of himself, then he likes to join it soon. But if he keeps it in this world, he likes to stay here with it."
1776- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Gabriel descended upon God's Prophet (a.s) and said: "O' Muhammad! God greets you and says: Do whatever you like since you will reach it; and love whoever you wish since you will separate from him. Live as much as you wish since you will die. O' Muhammad! Night prayer is an honor for a believer, and a believer's honor is dependent upon his tongue."
1777- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: "An angel calls out everyday and says: "O' Children of Adam! Deliver children to die, collect wealth for destruction, and build your houses to be ruined."
1778- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "Whoever prepares himself for the future life of this world has not recognized the truth about death. People who have high aspirations will commit sins and do evil. If one could see his own death, and how fast it approaches him, then he would hate high aspirations and seeking (material things of) this world."
1779- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Remember death often, since one who often remembers death will abstain from the world."
1780- Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: "Know that graves are either gardens among the gardens of Heaven, or ditches among the ditches of Hell. Beware that the graves say the following three times each day: "I am the house of the believers. I am the place of the worms." Beware that a Day will come that is so horrible that breast-feeding mothers will drop their babies, kids will get old, the skies will be rent asunder, pregnant women will miscarry. The people will seem to be drunk, while they are not. They seem so due to the severity of God's punishment.
Beware that beyond the graves there is: "... a Garden whose width is that (of the whole) of the heavens and of the Earth." [The Holy Quran: Al-i-Imran 3:133] May God protect you and us from this painful punishment, and have Mercy upon us regarding the humiliating punishment."
1781- Imam Sadiq (a.s) narrated that Jesus, the son of Mary (a.s) said: "Death is a fear that you will not know when it overwhelms you. Why then do you not prepare yourselves for it?"
1782- In Uyun Akhbar al-Reza it is narrated that Imam Reza (a.s) quoted on the authority of his noble father (a.s): "When the news of the death of Ismaeil, the oldest son of Imam Sadiq (a.s), was given to Imam Sadiq (a.s) he was busy eating food with his friends. He smiled and asked the food to be served. He sat with his friends, ate food and warmly insisted that his friends eat even more than on other days. The people were surprised of not seeing any signs of grief on his face. When they finished the meal, the people said: "O' grandson of the Prophet! We are amazed by this situation. Your son has died and you are acting this way." He said: "Why should I not be this way, while I have been given the news of the most honest messengers? You and I will also die. There are some people who have recognized death, have prepared themselves for it, and do not deny the (existence) of one who has been taken away by death, and submit themselves to the will of God."
1783- God's Prophet (a.s) said: "If the animals knew what you know about death, you could never find a chubby animal to eat."

Mishkat ul-Anwar fi Ghurar al-Akhbar

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