Sincerity, Certitude and Trust in God
13- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) described God's statement "true in faith" [The Holy Quran: Al-i-Imran 3:67] as being really sincere, and refers to one who considers only God in his affairs."
14- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Everything is humble to a believer even the pests and the beasts of prey on the Earth, and the birds in the sky."
15- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that the Noble Prophet (a.s) said: "There is a fact related to every good attribute. When considering sincerity, the fact is that no true servant of God can be truly sincere unless he dislikes to be admired for what he does to please God."
16- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "God the Almighty said: "I am the best partner. I do not accept any act in which you take partners besides Me. I only accept deeds which are sincerely done for Me."
17- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said on the authority of God's Prophet (a.s):"Whoever wants to know his status near God should ponder over how close God is to him."
18- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Baqir (a.s) quoted on the authority of Imam Ali (a.s) (from one of his long sermons): "There are four pillars for faith: perseverance, certitude, justice and unity."
19- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: "Faith is superior to submission (to God), and certitude is superior to faith. Nothing is more superior than certitude."
20- Yunus ibn-i-Abdul Rahman said that when he asked Imam Reza (a.s) about faith and submission to God, Imam Reza (a.s) replied: "Religion is only submission (Islam). Faith is a level higher than submission. Piety is a level higher than faith, and certitude is a level higher than piety. Nothing is divided amongst the children of Adam (a.s) better than certitude." Then he said that he asked the Imam (a.s): "What are the signs of certitude?" The Imam (a.s) replied: "Reliance on God, submitting to Him, being content with divine destiny, and entrusting one's affairs to God." Then he asked the Imam (a.s): "What does all this mean?" Then Imam Reza (a.s) replied: "This is what Imam Baqir (a.s) said."
21- Saf'fvan al-Jammal said that he asked Imam Sadiq (a.s) about God's statement: "As for the wall, it belonged to two youths, orphans, in the town; there was, beneath it, a buried treasure, to which they were entitled."[The Holy Quran: Kahf 18:82] He replied: "Know that 'treasure' in the verse did not refer to gold or silver, but the following four: (1) I am God, and there is no God but Me, (2) Whoever really believes in death will not laugh so hard that his teeth are seen, (3) Whoever really believes in being accountable for his deeds will not become happy, and (4) Whoever really believes in destiny will only fear God."
22-Imam Baqir (a.s) narrated that Imam Ali (a.s) went on the pulpit and said: “No one experiences true faith unless he realizes that he will obtain only what is destined to be his, and he will not obtain anything that is destined to belong to others.”
23- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of his fathers (a.s) upon the authority of Imam Ali (a.s) that God's Prophet (a.s) said: “One of the signs of certitude is that you do not displease God to please the people, and do not admire the people for the daily bread that God has granted you through them, and that you do not blame the people for God depriving you of your daily bread. No one's greed will bring him an increase in his daily bread, and no one's jealousy will stop one's daily bread. If one tries to escape from his daily bread as he escapes from death, one's daily bread seeks its owner faster than death does. In fact, God the Almighty has established comfort and peace of mind in certitude and contentment, and has established sorrow and discomfort in anger and doubt.”
24- Abdullah ibn San'an narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “One of the signs of the perfection of certitude of a Muslim is that he does not please the people through raising God's anger.” In another tradition it is stated that he said: “Before death his daily bread will seek him just as his death does.” He then added: “God the Almighty has established comfort and happiness in certitude and contentment due to His justice and has established sorrow and sadness in doubt and anger. Therefore be content with divine destiny and submit to God's orders.”
25- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Imam Ali's servant named Ghanbar really liked him and would always follow him at night with his sword in order to protect him. One night Imam Ali (a.s) noticed him and asked him what he was doing. He said: “I am following you.” The Imam (a.s) asked: “Are you trying to protect me from heavenly or earthly creatures?” He replied: “I am guarding you against earthly creatures.” The Imam (a.s) said: “Please go home since no one on Earth can do me any harm unless God' permits so.” Then Ghanbar returned home.
26- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “There is nothing for which there is no limit.” He was asked what the limit for reliance is.
He replied: “It is certitude.” He was asked about the limit for certitude. He replied: “That with God, you fear no one.”
27- Imam Reza (a.s) was asked about the limits for reliance. He replied: “That with God, you fear no one else.”
28- Imam Sadiq (a.s) quoted on the authority of Imam Ali (a.s): “O' God! Please honor me by enabling me to be able to rely on You, and entrust You with my affairs, and be content with what You have destined for me, and submit to Your orders, so much so that I submit to your decrees and not be in a rush to obtain what you have already destined for me; and be pleased with whatever You have granted me, O' the Kindest of the kind!”
29- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said that God's Prophet (a.s) said: “Certitude is the best wealth, and God's worship is the best job.”
30- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Muhammad ibn Hanifeh was a calm and brave man. Once Haj'jaj told him that he had decided to chop off his head several times. He answered: “You do not have the power to do so. There are three hundred and sixty moments for God each day. I wish Him to rid me of you in one of these moments.”
31- Ishaq ibn Ammar narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “One day after the Prophet (a.s) had said the morning congregational prayer in the mosque, he saw a slim, drowsy young man in the mosque. He was pale, skinny with eyes sinking deep into his face, and his skin loosely attached to his bones. He told him: “O' Harith! How did you get through the night?” He replied: “O' Prophet of God! I passed the night with certitude.” The Prophet was surprised and said: “There is a sign for certitude. What is the sign of your certitude? “ He replied: “O' Prophet of God! The sign of my certitude is that I am sad and sleepless. I suffer from thirst in the day. I have turned away from the world and everything in it. This has gone so far that I can see my Lord's Throne set up for Reckoning. All the people have been resurrected for Reckoning, and I am amongst them and can see the residents of Heaven filled with blessings; and resting on sofas; and getting to know each other. And I see the residents of Hell being tortured in fire and crying out.
It is as if right now I can hear the roaring sound of the blazing fire of Hell.” The Prophet (a.s) turned to the other people and said: “This is a man whose heart is filled with the light of faith.” He then turned to that young man and said: “Be steadfast.” The man said: “O' Prophet of God! Please ask God to honor me to accompany you in some of the wars and get martyred.” The Prophet (a.s) prayed for him, and not long after that, they went to fight in a battle and he was the tenth man to be martyred in that battle.”
32- Mu'amir ibn Khal'lad narrated that Imam Reza (a.s) said: “One of Imam Ali's (a.s) companions named Ghays was performing his prayers. After saying one unit of prayer, a black snake came to where he wanted to prostrate. He turned his face away from the snake when he wanted to say the second unit of prayer, but the snake wrapped itself around his neck and then went inside his shirt.” The Imam (a.s) said: “One day I went to a place called Fore located between Mecca and Medina. When the time came to pray I got off my horse and went near a plant called Samameh. After I said one unit of my prayer, a boa came towards me from beneath the plant, and returned after it got close to me. I started my prayer, and did not cut it short. After finishing my prayers, I started saying supplications, and I did not cut that short either. When I finished, I told my companions to capture the boa. They captured and killed the boa. God helps whoever fears none but Him.”
33- Abi Al-Ghadah quoted on the authority of his father: “One of the followers of the Ummayad clan requested permission to visit Imam Baqir (a.s). We were afraid of him and told the Imam (a.s) that he might have ill intentions. Why don't you hide and we will tell him that you are not here.” The Imam (a.s) replied: “No, let him enter. God's Prophet (a.s) has said that God hears whatever is said, and sees the hands of all the oppressors. Thus he cannot say what God does not want him to say, and cannot do anything that God does not want him to do.” Then the Imam (a.s) admitted him into his presence. He came in and asked his questions, heard the answers to his questions, and then left.
34- Imam Ali (a.s) asked Imam Hassan (a.s) and Imam Hussein (a.s) the difference between faith and certitude. They remained silent.
Then he asked Imam Hassan (a.s) to answer him. Imam Hassan (a.s) said: “There is only one hand-breadth distance between the two.” Imam Ali (a.s) asked: “How come?” He replied: “Since faith is related to what we hear and acknowledge with our heart, and certitude is related to what we see and use to argue in favor of what we cannot see.
35- Regarding God's statement to Abraham (a.s): “Dost thou not then believe? He said: Yea! But to satisfy my own understanding.” [The Holy Quran: Baqara 2:260] Imam Reza (a.s) was asked: “Was there any doubt in his heart?” Imam Reza (a.s) replied: “No, there was certitude in his heart. But God had decided to increase his certitude.
On Reliance and Trust in God
36- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “Independence and honor wander about until they reach the position of reliance where they settle down.”
37- Imam Kazim (a.s) said the following regarding God's statement: “And if anyone puts his trust in God, sufficient is (God) for him.” [The Holy Quran: Talaq 65:3]”Reliance on God has several stages. One of them is relying on Him in all that you do; and being pleased with whatever He does to you; knowing that He only wishes you prosperity and success; and knowing that He has full authority over all these affairs; and also having complete trust in Him in these and all other affairs.”
38- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “God the Almighty, the Blessed revealed the following to the Prophet David (a.s): “Whoever from among My servants gets disappointed with My creatures and takes refuge in Me, I shall realize his intentions. Then even if the Heavens and the Earth and whatever they contain plot against him, I shall provide means for him to be saved from them. And I shall know the intentions of whomever from among My servants who take refuge in others. Then I will take away from him all the means in the Heavens and the Earth, and leave him alone. I will not be concerned about where he will die.”
39- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said that God's Prophet (a.s) quoted God the Almighty as saying: “I swear by My Honor, Majesty, Beauty, Greatness, Grandeur, Exaltation, and Highness of Position. I swear that none of My servants choose My desires over their own desires, without Me establishing independence in their hearts and directing their efforts to the Hereafter; preventing him from wandering around; ordering the Heavens and the Earth to provide his sustenance; and pursuing his business and protecting his interests.”
40- Imam Baqir (a.s) narrated upon the authority of God's Prophet (a.s): “God the Almighty said: I swear by my Honor, Majesty, Greatness, Grandeur, Light, and Highness of Position that none of the servants will choose his desires over Mine, without Me disrupting his affairs, and ruining his life, and getting him involved in it; and not giving anything to him but what I have destined for him. I swear by My Honor, Majesty, Greatness, Grandeur, Light, and Highness of Position that no servant chooses My wants over his own desires without My angels protecting him; and establishing the Heavens and the Earth to provide for his sustenance; and pursuing his business and protecting his interests; and turning the tables around and making the world to turn out to be in his favor against his expectations.
41- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “God's Prophet never used to say: “I wish something else had happened” after things had happened.”
42- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: “The most deserving person is one who trusts in God, and has recognized God. Anyone who is pleased with what God has destined for him shall receive it, and God will grant him a great reward! But if anyone is not pleased with what God has destined for him shall receive that which God has destined for him, but God will cancel his reward.”
43- Consider God's statement: “God and His angels send blessings on the Prophet.” [The Holy Quran: Ahzab 33:56] Imam Sadiq (a.s) described it as: “They will praise the Prophet and send him greetings.” When asked how the Prophet knew that the angels are sending him their greetings, he replied that the Unseen World would be unveiled for him.
When asked how a believer knows that he is a true believer, he replied: “Due to his easy submission to God, and his contentment with what he receives there from.”
44- In Rauzat al-Vaezeen it is narrated that the Prophet (a.s) said: “Whoever likes to be the most pious man should rely on God.”
45- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: “Whoever relies on God will never be defeated, and whoever takes refuge in God will never fail.”
46- The Prophet (a.s) said: “God the Almighty said: “There is no creature who seeks help from My other creatures, without My taking away from him the means in the Heavens and the Earth. I shall not give him what he asks Me for, and shall not reply to him when he calls Me. There is no creature that seeks help from Me- not my creatures, without My establishing the Heavens and the Earth as a means of providing for his sustenance. I shall grant him what he asks for, will reply if he calls Me, and will forgive him if he asks for forgiveness.”
47- The Prophet (a.s) said: “God will make anyone who stops relying on others than God needless, and will provide for his unlimited sustenance through unimaginable means. And God will leave those who rely on this world to earn their living from this world.”
48- The Prophet (a.s) said: “Whoever likes to be the strongest man should rely on God. Whoever likes to be the noblest man should be pious, and whoever likes to be the most needless man should trust in what is in God's Hands more that what is in his own hands.”
49- God's Prophet (a.s) said: “If a man sincerely relies on God, the rulers and others lower than them will certainly become needy of him. How can he be needy if his Master, the Praised One is not?”
50- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Ameer al-Momineen (a.s) said: “There are four pillars for faith: reliance on God, trust in God, being content with what God has destined, and submission to God's orders.”
51- Imam Baqir (a.s) described God's statement: “But no, by the Lord, they can have no (real) faith, until they make thee judge in all disputes between them.” [The Holy Quran: Nisaa 4:65] as: “Submission, contentment, and satisfaction with what God has destined.”
52- Imam Sadiq (a.s) said: “If one attends to what God likes, God will attend to what he likes. If one asks refuge in God and piety, then God will protect him. And one who is attended to by God, and is protected by Him has no fear even if the sky falls on the Earth, or a disaster comes and affects everything on the Earth. He will be saved from any disaster since God protects him via his piety. Is it not so? God the Almighty said:
“As to the righteous (they will be) in a position of security.” [The Holy Quran: Dukhan 44:51]”
53- Imam Baqir (a.s) said: “God's Prophet ran into a group of camel riders during one of his trips. They greeted him and he asked them who they where. They said they were believers. The Prophet (a.s) asked them about the truth of their faith. They replied: “Contentment with what God has destined, entrusting themselves to God, and submitting to God's orders.” Then God's Prophet (a.s) said: “These are wise and knowledgeable people with such a high rank, near that of the Prophets.” Then he faced them and said: “If you are truthful, do not build what you shall not reside in; do not collect what you shall not eat; and fear God to Whom you shall return.”
Mishkat ul-Anwar fi Ghurar al-Akhbar