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Moral Lessons from the Holy Qur'an

Attitude towards Parents
Isl?m lays great emphasis on the respect towards parents. In the Holy Qur'?n, All?h usually enjoins kindness to parents in the same verse as He orders His worship:
Worship All?h and do not join any partners with Him; and do good to the parents… (an Nis?, 4:36)
In may places, we have been commanded to be kind to our parents. The Holy Qur'?n says:
We have enjoined upon human beings kindness to parents
(`Ankab?t, 29:8)
All?h gives one of the reasons man should be grateful to his parents and pray for them:
We have enjoined upon man to do good to his parents;
his mother bears him with pain, and with pain she gives birth to him;
and bearing him and weaning him takes thirty months.
When he attains maturity, and reaches the age of forty,
he says, "O my Lord! Awaken me that I may thank you for the bounties
that You have bestowed on me and my parents,
and that I may do good which pleases You,
and do good to me with regard to my children.
Verily I turn in repentance to You, and verily, I am one of those who submit"(46:15)
The Holy Qur'?n repeats about the high status of parents in many places. Here is an example:
Your Lord has commanded that you shall not worship (any one) but Him, and do good to the parents
If one or both of them reach old age in your lifetime then do not
say to them a word of displeasure (even "Uf") and do not scold them
and speak to them with kindness
and lower to them the wing of humility out of mercy.
And say, "My Lord! Have mercy on them
just as they looked after me when I was small" ( Ban? ?sr?-?l, 17:23,24)

The Holy Qur?n, S V M?r Ahmad `Al?
Quran for Children, Abdul Rauf & Laleh Bakhtiar
Charms of Everyday Conversation
In many places, the Holy Qur'?n teaches us how to converse with each other. Here are a few verses.
O you who believe! Be mindful of All?h's laws (adopt Taqw?) and speak the right speech (al Ahz?b, 33:70)
All?h does not like the utterance of evil in (public) speech, except by one who has been wronged;
and All?h hears all, knows all (an Nis?, 4:148)
Be moderate in your bearing (manner) and lower your voice.
Truly the most repulsive of voices is the braying of the ass. (Luqm?n, 31:19)
And who is better in speech than the one
who calls (people) to All?h, and does a good deed
and says, "Truly I am of the Muslims." (\? M?m, 41:33)
When you are greeted with a greeting, then answer back
with one better, or (at least) return the same. (an Nis?, 4:86)
Kind words and forgiveness are better
than charity followed by injury. (al Baqarah, 2:263)

The Holy Qur?n, S V M?r Ahmad `Al?
Quran for Children, Abdul Rauf & Laleh Bakhtiar

Patience is a quality that is often thought to be a passive and inactive one - sometimes, people even think that a patient person is a cowardly one. However, patience is an active and positive action, and requires bravery. The Holy Qur'?n says:
O Prophet! Urge the believers to fight.
If there be of you twenty patient men, they shall overcome two hundred,
and if there be of you a hundred, they shall overcome one thousand of those who disbelieve,
because they are a people who do not understand. (al Anf?l, 8:65)
From the above verse we say that the quality of patience is the quality of a brave soldier. Why is patience so important and what is its definition? The Holy Prophet (S) said that patience means to endure difficult times without blaming All?h or accusing Him of anything. It also means to carry on with one's responsibilities in spite of the difficulties. The Holy Qur'?n quotes Luqm?n:
O my son, establish prayer, enjoin good, forbid evil,
And bear patiently that which befalls you.
Truly, these are acts of steadfastness (Luqm?n, 31:17)
The Holy Prophet (S) said that patience was in three things:
Patience in worship: This means that when a Muslim finds certain acts of worship difficult, like fasting or waking up for prayers or giving Khums, even then he perseveres.
Patience in Sin: This is when man resists temptation to sin - this is also a kind of patience.
Patience when faced with calamity: To endure and not to blame All?h is also patience.
It is no wonder that All?h says in the Holy Qur'?n:
Truly, All?h is with the patient ones.(al Anf?l, 8:46)
All?h loves the patient ones (?li Imr?n, 3:146)
Parables are examples used by All?h in the Holy Qur'?n to make us understand and think about His message.

The Parable of the Good Word and the Evil Word
The parable of the good word is a famous one and there are several meanings to the verse. The Holy Qur'?n says:
Do you not see how All?h sets forth a parable?
A goodly word is like a goodly tree,
whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches are in heaven;
It yields its fruit in every season by the permission of its Lord.
And All?h sets forth parables for mankind so that they may reflect.
The likeness of an evil word is like an evil tree -
it is uprooted from the earth's surface; it does not have stability. (Ibr?h?m, 14:24-26)
The Holy Prophet (S) has said that the "goodly tree" is Isl?m. Belief in All?h is its root. Sal?t, Sawm, Zak?t, Khums and Jih?d are its branches. Reliance upon All?h, good manners, piety and staying away from whatever is forbidden are its leaves.
The parable of the evil tree refers to the enemies of Isl?m, the Holy Prophet (S) and his Ahlul Bayt (A). The Holy Prophet (S) has said that this parable refers to the Ban? Umayyah.
The Parable of the Smooth Hard Rock and the Garden on the Elevated Ground.
O you who believe! Do not render your charity worthless by reproach and injury,
like he who spends his wealth to be seen by men, and does not believe in All?h and the last day.
So his likeness is as the likeness of a smooth hard rock with earth upon it, then a heavy rain falls upon it, and it leaves it bare.
They shall not be able to gain anything of what they have earned (in this world).
And All?h does not guide the disbelieving people.
And the likeness of those who spend their wealth to seek All?h's pleasure,
and to assert themselves in devotion, is as the likeness of a garden on an elevated ground.
Heavy rain falls upon it and it yield its fruit twofold;
and if heavy rain does not fall upon it, then gentle shower is sufficient.
And All?h sees what you do. (al Baqarah, 2:264,265)
When we give charity, it should not be to show off, or to make the seeker of help feel small and embarrassed. By reminding the one you have helped makes the charity worthless. The parable tells us that we are like bare rocks and we cover ourselves with the fertile soil of good acts. But by making our acts worthless, the fertile soil is washed off, leaving us bare once again.
But when we give solely for the pleasure of All?h, there is a twofold benefit. Firstly, it purifies us, and secondly it improves the welfare of the needy. The act is blessed by All?h. The reference to the garden means that the good act is like a tall tree with strong roots. Even with light rain the roots will be nourished because they are deep in the ground.

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