The Best Virtues
He said: And with the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ibn Abi Umayr, from al-Nadhr b. Suwaid, from Ibn Sinan, from Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad al-Sadiq, peace be upon them both, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, in his address to the people, said: "May I not inform you about the best virtues in this world and the next? (They are): to forgive one who wronged you, to make amends with the kins who severed relations with you, to oblige one who harmed you, to give to one who refused you. And (remember), hatred and mutual enmity is a remover, and I do not mean a remover (shaver) of hair; but a remover of faith."
Avoid being deluded
And with the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Fadhalah b. Ayub, from Abdullah b. Zaid, from Ibn Abi Ya'foor who said:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon both, told me: "Let not people delude you against yourself, for that which is your fate shall reach you in spite of them! And let not the days prevent you from this and that, for surely, with you is the One Who protects you! And do not belittle your little good deeds, for you shall see them tomorrow in a form, which will please you. And do not underestimate your little evil deeds, for you shall see them tomorrow in a form, which will grieve you. Do good deeds, for I have seen nothing quicker in pursuit of an old sin, so as to blot it out, than the good deed. Surely, Allah says (in the Qur'an): 'Indeed, good deeds carry away the evil deeds; and that is a reminder for those who remember Allah.'(Hud:114)"
Fulfil your duties
And with the preceding chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Fadhalah b. Ayub from Ajlan Abu Swaleh, who said:
Abu Abdillah, Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon both told me: "Be just with people in your personal matters and let them have a share in your wealth. Choose for them what you choose for yourself! And remember Allah constantly; never be lazy nor feel bored; surely, that is what my father taught me and that is what his father counseled him. Similarly, if you feel lazy about the late night prayers, you will not be able to fulfil to Allah His right. And if you are bored and discontented, you will not be able to fulfil anyone's obligation. Always be truthful, guarding against sins and paying back that which you hold in trust. And do not fail to fulfil a promise when you make one."
And with the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ali b. Hadeed, from Ali b. No'man, from Ishaq b. Ammar, from Abu al-No'man al-Ajali, who said:
Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon them both, told me, "O Abu No'man, do not support the lies and allegation against us, for that will distract you from the Straight Path; and do not devour people's wealth by using our name, for that will earn you nothing but poverty. O Abu No'man, do not push yourself hard to be a head (i.e. leader), for you may end up being a tail (i.e. following the people rather then leading them). O Abu No'man, you will surely be stopped and asked, and there is no escape from that! If you remain truthful, we will confirm your truthfulness; and if you lie, we will confirm that you are a liar.
O Abu No'man, let not people delude you, for that which is your fate, shall reach you in spite of them! And do not let the days prevent you from this and that for with you there is One Who protects you. Do good deeds, for I have not seen any quicker expiation in pursuit of the old sin, than a good deed."
Value of Time
With the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ali b. Hadeed from Ali b. al-No'man, who has raised the report (without intervening chain) to Ali b. al-Husain, peace be upon him, who said:
"Woe to the one whose ONE triumphs over his TEN (meaning the verse 160, Surah al-Ana'am: 'Whoever brings one good deed shall have ten fold the like of it and whoever brings one evil deed shall be recompensed only the like of it...')"
And Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him used to say: "A defrauded person is one whose life is wasted hour by hour."
And Ali b. al-Husain, peace be upon him, said: "Expect nothing from the others and that is true self-sufficiency, and minimize your needs from them, for being needful is instant poverty. And be cautious of doing things for which you may have to offer an excuse; and when you stand for daily prayers, do so as if you were offering the last and farewell prayers; and if you can manage to be better today than yesterday, or tomorrow better than today, then do so."
Enjoin good and forbid evil
And wilt the preceding chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ali b. Hadeed, from Ali b. al-No'man, from Ibn Maskan, from Dawood b. Farqad, from Abu Saeed al-Zohari, from one the two (Imams), peace be upon them, who said:
"Woe to the people who do not make it their habit to enjoin good and forbid evil." And then he said: "Whoever professes 'there is no God but Allah, his utterance does not enter the kingdom of Heaven, till it is supplemented by one good deed. And he who seeks to be godly while lending strength to the untruth, such a man has no religion. Similarly, he who is subservient to a tyrant, has no religion." Then he said: "Every community has been distracted by rivalry for worldly gain and abundance, till they visited the graves."
Beware of Allah's dominance
And with the preceding chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from al-Nadhr, from Ibrahim b. Abdul Hamid, from Zaid b. al-Shahham who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, say: "Beware of the dominant power of Allah, during the night and during the day." I asked: "What is that dominant power?" He said: "When He seizes you for the sins."
The most worshipful servant
And with the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from Abu Hamza who said:
I heard Ali b. al-Husain, peace be upon him, say: "He who obediently acts according to what Allah has commanded him to do, he is the best of men on earth! And he who obediently refrains from that which Allah has forbidden him, he is the most worshipping servant, the most pious. And whoever is content with what Allah has apportioned to him, is the richest of all men."
Living with the believers and non-believers
And with the preceding chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from Muhammad b. Sinan, from al-Husain b. Mas'ab, from Sa'd b. Turaif, from:
Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon both, who said: "(Even) if you meet a hypocrite, talk to him agreeably, and if you meet a believer, then your love for him should be sincere. And (even) if a Jew sits next to you, treat him well."
Be kind to people
And with the preceding chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Fadhalah, from Abaan, from Abdul Rahman b. Sayabah, from al-No'man, from:
Abu Ja'far, peace be upon him, who said: "He who inquires after the well being and whereabouts of the others, people inquire after him when they miss him! And he who does not prepare himself to face the worldly afflictions with patience, ends up helpless.
And if you have a habit of passing abrasive comments against other people, then be ready for their remarks. And even if you left them, they would not leave you!" He said: "Then what shall I do?" He (i.e. Imam) said: "Keep them away from your honour, and leave it for your Day of Hunger and Want (i.e. leave it for the Day of judgement)."
People are for people!
And with the preceding chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ali b. Hadeed, from Marazim, who reported that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon both, said: "Always pray in the mosques and be good neighbours to the people. And always uphold your trust and covenants and attend the funerals. For surely, you cannot do without the people! No man's life can go on without needing the people!
As for us, we attend their funerals, and it is for you to do the way your leaders do! People have no alternative but to remain dependent upon each other till death does them apart; then every community will retire to join those they love."
Then he said: "Always offer your prayers properly and work for your next world and make the best choice for yourselves. Indeed, a man may be sagacious in his worldly affairs, till it is said: 'How wise is so and so!' But surely, the sagacious is one who is wise about the hereafter."
Convey the knowledge of fiqh
And with the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Muhammad b. Ismail, from Mansur b. Yunus, from Abu Khalid al-Qammat, from Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon both, that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, addressed the people at Mina, saying: "May Allah bless the servant who heard my utterances and heeded them; and conveyed to those who had not heard them. How often a person carries knowledge without he himself being learned about it, and how often does a man carry knowledge to the one who knows better than him!
There are three things over which a Mo'min's heart will never commit a breach of the trust: Purifying the deeds solely for the sake of Allah; following the Imams of the Muslims faithfully and remaining steadfast in their groups. Their call itself protects them from all sides. The believers are brothers to each other, defending their blood; and they act as one, single hand against the enemies. And even the smallest of them tries best to fulfil his responsibility."
The best guidance is that of Muhammad (SAW)
With the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar from Muhammad b. Ismail, from Mansur b. Abu Yahya, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, say: Once the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, climbed on the pulpit, and the colour of his cheek changed; then he approached the people saying: "O Muslims, I have been sent to you with the Day of Judgement as close in time, as these two"; then he put together two index fingers. Then he said: "O Muslim, the best guidance is that of Muhammad and the best narration is the Book of Allah. And innovations (in religion) are the worst things.
Be it known to you that every innovation leads astray, and that finally leads to hellfire. 'O People! Whoever leaves behind wealth, he leaves it for the family and his heirs; and whoever leaves behind weaklings and poor dependents, they are for me and they are my responsibility."
And with the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Rafaa'h who reported that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon them both, said: "The Torah has four admonitions coupled with the other four. They are: He who rises in the morning sorrowful about his worldly affairs, he indeed rises displeased with his Lord! And he who rises in the morning complaining about the misfortune he has suffered, he is complaining against Allah! He who calls upon a rich man, humbling himself so as to gain a share from his wealth, loses two-third of his faith; And if ever a reciter of the Qur'an in this Ummah enters hellfire, then he must be among those who take divine signs for a mockery and play.
And the other four are: Absolute power leads to appropriation; and he who consults, never repents; and you shall reap what you sow, and poverty is the greater death."
Prayers are the pillars of faith
And with the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ismail b. Abbad, from al-Hasan b. Muhammad, from Sulayman b. Sabiq, from Ahmad b. Muhammad, from Abdullah b. Luhaya'h, from Abu al-Zubair, from Jabir b. Abdillah al-Ansari, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, once addressed us, praising and thanking Allah and then said: "O people (after completing his speech), I recommend to you the daily prayers, I recommend to you the daily prayers! For it is the pillar of your faith. And make special efforts for the prayers during the nights and remember him often, that He may expiate your sins.
Surely, the example of these five daily prayers is that of a flowing brook near your door; in which you are washed five times a day. So just as frequent baths clean your body of the dirt, the same way, sins are washed off by constant prayers, leaving no sin behind.
O men, there is no one of the servants of Allah who is not hit by a knotty situation. Then when the two-third of a night is over and a third is left, an angel comes to him, and says: 'Rise and remember Allah, for the morning is near!' He said: If the servant rises to remember Allah at that time, his knots would be undone. And if he stood to do the wudhoo and started the prayers, all his knots would be undone; and he would enter the dawn with joy in his eyes."
Cover your utensils. . .
And with the preceding chain of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ibn Faddhal, from Yunus b. Yaqub, from Abu Maryam, from Abu Abdillah or Abu Ja'far, peace be upon them both, from Jabir b. Abdillah that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said to us: "Cover your utensils and put a lid over the vessels from which you drink, and shut your doors tight, and tie down your herds, and send your family members indoors, as the sun sets till when the darkness of Isha is dispelled. Surely, the devils do not open the covers, nor do they undo the lids. And the devils are sent off when the sun sets. And put off your lamps, for sometimes the rats kindle fire from it setting the whole house on fire, on its inmates."
Kindness to father
And with the preceding chains of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Bakr b. Swaleh who said:
My son-in-law wrote to Abu Ja'far the second Imam Muhammad Taqi (AS), peace be upon him, that: "My father is a Nasibi and has wretched views about Ahlul Bait. And I have experienced a lot of hardship and pressure from him. I write to request for special prayers for me, may I be your ransom, and to advise me what should be my line of action. Should I confront him or comply with his whims?"
He, peace be upon him, wrote back: "I have understood your letter and what you have mentioned about your father. God willing, I shall never forget you in my prayers. And it is better to be compliant rather than resorting to open confrontation. For with every hardship, there is ease. Be patient, for the end result is always in favour of those who are mindful of duties towards Allah. May Allah keep you firm on the path of those who you have accepted as the authority. You and we are all entrusted in the care of Allah, and with Him, no trust is lost!"
Bakr said: Then Allah caused a change of heart in his father, so that he in turn became compliant to the son.
The meaning of remembering Allah
With the first chain of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, (from al-Hasan b.Ali b. Faddhal), from Ali b. Uqba, from Jarood b. al-Mandhar, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him say: 'The most difficult performance are three: to maintain justice and equity between yourself and the people, so that you may not prefer for yourself anything from the people, till you have preferred the same for the people to have from you; to make your (needy) brother an equal partner in your wealth; and to remember Allah in all situations. And that is not just to say: 'Glory be to Allah,' 'Praise be to Allah,' 'there is no God but Allah,' or 'Allah is Great.' Rather, when anything comes your way, which Allah has forbidden, you refrain from it."
No act with taqwa is small
And with the first chain of narrations from Ali b. Mahzyar, from al-Hasan, from Muhammad b. Sinan, from al-Fudhail b. Uthman, from Abi Obaidah, from Abi Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali al-Baqir, peace be upon both, who said:
Amirul Mo'mineen (Ali) peace be upon him, used to say: "Any act performed with taqwa is not little. How can that which is accepted (by Allah) be called little?"
Good deeds prepare for the doers. . .
And with the first chain of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ali b. al-No'man, from Dawood b. Farqad, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon both of them, say: "Surely, the righteous deeds will go to the Paradise to prepare for theirs doers, the way a person sends his servant to furnish for him. Then he recited: 'And as for those who believe, and do righteous deeds, they prepare for their own souls' (al-Rum:v.44)."
Between fear and hope
And with the first chain of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Muhammad b. Sinan, from al-Husain b. Abi Sarah, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon them both, say: "A believer does not become a (true and steadfast) Mo'min, till he comes to a situation of being both, fearful as well as hopeful. And that does not occur till he starts performing deeds as one who fears and (also) hopes."
The verse of Qur'an interpreted
And with the first chain of narration, from Ali b. Mahzyar, from al-Qasim b. Muhammad, from Ali who said:
I asked Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him about the verse from the Qur'an: 'And those who strive with righteous deeds to the greatest extent and their hearts are filled with fear....' (al-Mu'minoon:v.60). He said: "That is their fear and hope. They fear that their acts may be rejected because of their sins, and at the same time, hope that they might be accepted from them."
Entrust your affairs to Allah
And with the former chain of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from al-Hasan, from Ali b. al-Hakam, from Abu Hafs al-A'asha, from Muhammad b. Sinan, from a person from Banu Asad, from Abu Hamza al-Thumali, that:
Ali b. al-Husain, peace be upon him, said: Once, I came out till I reached this wall and stood leaning against it. There, I suddenly saw a man wearing two white apparels, looking at me. Then he said: "O Ali, son of al-Husain, how is that I see you gloomy and distressed? Is it for the worldly matter? The provision from Allah is readily available for both; the good and the evil!" I said: "No, I am not sad because of that, and the fact is as stated by you." He said: "Then is it because of the hereafter? Then that is a promise by the Truthful (Allah) and the Almighty will be the judge on that Day!" I said: "It is not because of that! Though the fact is as you stated." He said: "Then what greives you?" I said: "I am distressed by the mischief of Ibn Zubair." He laughed and then said: "O Ali b. al-Husain, did you see anyone who fears Allah, not delivered by Him?" I said: "No." He said: "O Ali b. al-Husain, did you see anyone who entrusted Him all his affairs and Allah failed to be sufficient for him?" I said: "No."
Then I looked and saw no one before me!
When the deeds become heartbreaking anguish
And with the former chains of narration from Ali b. Mahyzar, from al-Qasim b. Urwah, from a person, from either of them, peace be upon them, who explained the verse:
'Thus will Allah show them their deeds as heartbreaking anguish for them....' (Ch.2:V.167). He said: "It is parable of a man who amasses wealth but is averse to spending it in a charitable manner and then he dies, bequeathing it to the others. And the heirs spend the same wealth for good deeds; so the man who originally earned the wealth rises on the Day of Judgement to witness the reward of the good deeds going to someone else's credit."
Hasten to do good
And with the former chains of narration from Ali b. Mahyzar from Ibn Abi Umayr, from Hisham b. Salim, that:
Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: "When you are determined to do something good, then do not delay doing it. For when Allah, Most Glorious, sees His slave intent upon performing an act according to one of His commands, He says: 'By My Might and Greatness, I shall never subject you to any chastisement.' And when you feel inclined to commit a sin, do not do it, for when Allah, Most Benevolent and High, finds a slave on the verge of committing a sin, He says: 'By My Might and Greatness, I will never forgive you.'"
Do not delay doing good
And with the foregoing chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ali b. Hadeed, from Ali b. al-No'man, from Hamzah b. Hamran who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, say: "Whenever anyone of you is determined to do good, then he should not delay doing it. For it might so be that a slave of Allah offered prayers or kept a day's fast and then he is told: Do whatever you desire after this, for I have forgiven you."
Allah's Will and His Power
And with the foregoing chain of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, raising it up to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, who said:
Amirul Mo'mineen, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, used to say: "Always consider that which is distant as quite near and that which is difficult as very easy. And, know that, even if a slave of Allah is weak in his strategy and having failing in his plans, it will not reduce anything from what Allah has destined for him. And if he is powerful in his strategy and forceful in his plan, it will not increase anything in what Allah has destined for him."
Base desires and long hopes. . .
And with the foregoing chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Asim, from Fudhail al-Rassan, from Yahya b. Aqeel, who reported that:
Ali, peace be upon him, said: "I fear for you two things: following the desire of soul and being deluded by long hope. As for following the base desire, it keeps you away from truth, and as for the long hope, it causes you to forget the hereafter. The next world moves to encounter you, while this world moves to turn its back! And each has its own children. So be the children of the next world and do not be among the children of this world. Today, there are deeds and no account, but tomorrow there will be account and no deeds."
What Isa (AS) told his disciples
And with the former chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Wasil b. Sulaiman, from Ibn Sinan, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, say that Isa, peace be upon him, used to say to his disciples: "If you are my friends and my brothers, then prepare your minds to reconcile with all the hostility and hatred coming from people. If you are not so mentally prepared, then you are not my brothers. I teach you so that you may learn; and I do not teach you to please you. You will not attain your goal till you renounce your desires and by forbearance over that which you hate.
I warn you against the evil glance, for it sows the seeds of lust in the heart of the beholder; and that is enough to tempt him.
Blessed is he who beholds with his two eyes the tempting love of lust, but does not allow his heart to err. How far is that which one has missed; and how close is that which is to come!
Woe unto those beguiled by vanity, should that which they loathe come to them too soon, and that which they love dearly depart, and that of which they had been warned arrive! Indeed, in the creation of these nights and days, there is a lesson.
Woe unto him whose entire concern is about this world only, and whose deeds are all evil and sins. How will he stand exposed before his Sustainer tomorrow!
And do not talk much about things other than remembering Allah! Surely, those who talk much other than remembering Allah, have their hearts hardened, but they do not know. Do not engage yourselves in looking into other people's shortcomings and faults, as if you were their spies; instead, look into ways of freeing yourselves; for surely you are possessed slaves.
How often does water flow on the mountain, but it does not soften? For how long have you studied words of wisdom, but your hearts do not soften for them? Slaves of the evil people and not of the pious! Nor are you liberated men of honour! Your example is that of oleander whose flower pleases the beholder, but its taste kills - Peace be with you."
And with the foregoing chains of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from Ibn Abi Najran, from al-Hasan b. Bahr, from Furat b. Ahnaf, from one of the companions of Amirul Mo'mineen, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, who said:
"Be among the commoner, inconspicuous people and do not make yourself noticeable; conceal yourself so that you are neither mentioned nor known. Guard your secret, maintain silence and you will remain in peace." Then he pointed towards his chest and said: "Thus, you will please the virtuous and raise the anger of the impious."
Be ready to forgive
And with the first chain of narration from Ali b. Mahzyar, from al-Hasan b. Ali b. Faddhal, who said:
I heard Abul Hassan (i.e. Ali b. Musa al-Ridha) peace be upon him say:
"Never did the two warring factions meet to fight except that Allah helped the one which is more forgiving."
Man knows best of himself
He said: Abul Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan reported to me from his father, from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from Yunus b. Abdul Rahman, from Muhammad b. Yaseen, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon both, say: "No benefit is derived by a slave of Allah who makes a show of being good, while inwardly he is vicious and evil. Does his inner self not tell him that he is not what he pretends to be? And (also), Allah, Most High, says (in the Qu'ran): 'Rather, man has a keen insight of himself' (Ch.75:V.14). Surely, when the inner self of a person is reformed, his external self gains strength."
Sanctity of a believing soul
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Khalid al-Maraghi reported to me from Ali b. Sulaiman, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Nahavandi, who reported from Abu al-Khazraj al-Asadi, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Fudhail, who reported from Aban b. Abu Ayyash, who reported from Ja'far b. Iyas, who reported from Abu Saeed al-Khudri who said:
Once a slain person was found during the days of the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, so he climbed the mimber deeply enraged; and after praising Allah and thanking Him, he said: "How come a Muslim is killed and his killer in not known? By Him Who controls my soul, if all the people of the heavens and the earth were to join hands to kill a believer, or were pleased with it, Allah will send them to hell.
By Him in Whose hands is my breath, whoever flogs someone wrongfully and unjustly, he will be flogged the same way tomorrow in hellfire. By Him in Whose hands is my soul: No one takes us, Ahlul Bait, as his enemy, except that Allah will throw him on his face into hellfire."
Do not waste your time idly
He said: Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husain reported to me from Muhammad b. Ali Majeelawayah, who reported from Ali b. Ibrahim, from his father, from Muhammad b. Abu Umair, from Muawiyah b. Ammar, that:
Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, said: There was an idle man in Madinah whose jokes caused laughter among the people. Once, pointing at Ali b. al-Husain, peace be upon him, he said: "This man has indeed fatigued me, for nothing from my talks makes him laugh. I must do some contrivance to make him laugh."
Then one day, as Ali b. al-Husain, peace be upon him, was passing by, accompanied by his two attendants, that jester came and pulled his (Ali b. al-Husain's) cloak from behind his back. The attendants followed and retrieved the cloak from him and laid it back on Ali b. al-Husain's shoulders, while he was quite composed, his glance cast on the ground.
Then he asked his attendants: "Who is he?" They said: "He is an idle jester, causes people of Madinah to laugh by his pranks and jokes, and thus earn his livelihood."
He said: "Tell him: 'Woe unto you! For Allah, there is a fixed Day on which the idle, vain doers will be in loss."
Virtue and nobility
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qawlawyh - may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from Ali b. al-Husain b. Musa b. Babawayh, who reported from Ali b. Ibrahim b. Hashim, from Ahmed b. Muhammad b. Isa, from al-Haytham b. Abi Masrooq al-Nahdi, from Yazid b. Ishaq, from al-Husain b. Atiyyah, that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: "Nobility and virtue has ten characteristics and if you can acquire them, do your best. For a man may have them and his son may not. Or a son may have them, while the father may not. A slave may have them, while a free man may not." They asked: "What are those traits, O son of the messenger of Allah?"
He said: "Truthful speech, faith at the time of hardship and peril, honesty and trustworthiness, mending relations with the consanguinal kith and kin, hospitality, feeding the beggar, to be rewarding and grateful for a good turn, to protect the neighbour, to protect the friend and above all, to be bashful and modest."
Six great virtues
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Khalid al-Maraghi reported to me from Al-Qasim b. Muhammad b. Hammad, who reported from Ubaid b. Ya'eesh, who reported from Yunus b. Bukair, who reported from Yahya b. Abi Hayyah Abu Janab al-Kalbi, from Abu al-Aliyah, who said:
I heard Abu Amamah say: I heard the messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny, say: "There are six great virtues. If a person was to act on any one of them, it would prevail on his or her behalf on the day of Judgement till it enters him the Paradise; saying: 'O Lord, this person had acted upon me during his or her lifetime on earth.' They are: Daily prayers, almsgiving, Haj, fasting, trustworthiness and mending relations with the consanguinal relatives."
The conclusive authority of Allah
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad reported to me from Muhammad b. Abdillah b. Ja'far al-Himyari, from his father, from Harun b. Muslim, from Mas'adah b. Ziyad, who said:
I heard Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, say when he was asked about the verse in Qu'ran: 'To Allah belongs the conclusive authority' (Ch.6:V.149), he said: "Surely, Allah, Most High, will ask His slave on the Day of Reckoning: 'O my slave, were you learned?' If he said: 'Yes,' Allah would say: 'Did you not act according to your knowledge?' And if he said: 'I was unlearned, ignorant'; Allah would say: 'Did you not acquire knowledge so that you could act accordingly?' That will be the time of His argument against him and that is the conclusive authority."
Dua at dawn and dusk
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Uman al-Je'abi reported to me from Muhammad b. Mudrik ibn Tamam al-Shaybani, who reported from Zakariyya b. al-Hakam Abu Yahya al-Rasibi, who reported from Khalaf b. Tameem, who reported from Bakr b. Hubaish, from Abu Shaibah, from Abdul Malik b. Umar, from Abu Qurrah, from Salman al-Farsi, may Allah be pleased with him, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, told me: "O Salman, when morning dawns, say: 'O Allah, You are my sustainer and You have no associate. We have seen this morning - which confirms that all kingdoms belong to Allah; Who has no associate.' Say this three times. And when it is evening, say it again, for that will expiate your sins committed in between."
Dua to avert poverty
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. al-Khalid al-Maraghi reported to me from Abul Qasim al-Hasan b. Ali b. al-Hasan al-Kufi, who reported from Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Marwan, who reported from his father, who reported from Ahmed b. Isa, who reported from Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Ali, from his father, peace be upon them all, that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, once missed one of his companions for a time and then, when he saw him again, he asked: "What has kept you from us so long?' He said: "O Prophet of Allah, illness and poverty prevented me." The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "May I not teach you prayers which you would recite so that Allah may keep illness and poverty away from you?" He said: "Yes, may my parents be your ransom, O messenger of Allah." The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said:
"There is no might nor power except that by Allah.
I entrust all my affairs unto the One Who lives
for ever and never dies;
All Praise be to Allah, Who begets no son, and
Who has taken no partners in His Dominion,
nor has He any protector. So magnify Him in the
most Glorious way."