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Draw Lesson from the Departed Ones

He said: Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husain b. Babawayh - may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Walid, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Husain b. Abu al-Khattab, from Ali b. Asbat, from Ali b. Hamzah, from Abu Basir, that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhmmad, peace be upon him, said: Allah, Most High, revealed to Isa son of Maryam, peace be upon them both: "O Isa, give me tears from your eyes, humility from your heart and line your eyes with the kohl of sorrow, while the idle waste away their days laughing; stand by the graveside and call them loudly, perchance you may thus learn from their fate. And then say: Surely, I will soon be joining them, together with the other joners."

Three great sins
He said: Abu Fahs Umar b. Muhammad b. Ali al-Zayyat reported to me from Ubaidullah b. Ja'far b. Muhammad b. A'ayan, who reported from Mas'ar b. Yahya al-Nahdiy, who reported from Sharik b. Abdillah al-Qadhi, who reported from Abu Ishaq al-Hamdaniy, from his father, from Amirul Mo'mineen, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Three sins lead to immediate punishment and are not deferred till hereafter:- incurring displeasure of the parents, tyranny over the people, and denying the divine bounties (by abusing them)."

A humbling- both ways
He said: Abul Hassan Ali b. Malik al-Nahwy reported to me from Ali b. Hamman, who reported from Fadhl b. Sa'd, who reported from al-Riyashi, who reported from Muhammad b. Sallam, who reported from Shurayh, the Qadhi that:
"Whoever takes his need to his fellow brother for fulfillment, he enslaves himself; if that brother fulfils his want, he frees him from the bondage, and if he does not, then he humiliates him. In fact, both have been humbles; the giver for not being able to oblige, and the beggar for having asked." Then he recited the following verses.
"A man who has had to put the honour
of his face at stake, cannot be recompensed,
And how can he be recompensed, when
humility has caused him disgrace."

A Tree of Faith
He said: Abu Muhammad Abdullah b. Muhammad al-Abhari reported to me from Ali b. Ahmad al-Sabah, who reported from Ibrahim b. Abdullah b. Abd al-Razaq, who reported from his uncle Abd al-Razaq b. Hammam b. Nafe, who reported from Hammam b. Nafe, who reported from Meena, the client of Abd al-Rahman b. Awf al-Zohari, who reported from Abd al-Rahman who said:
"O Meena, May I not relate to you what I heard from the messenger of Allah?" I said: "Yes." He said: "I heard him say: I am the tree, and Fatimah is its branch. Ali fecundates it, and al-Hasan and al-Husain are its fruits. And those of my Ummah who love them are the leaves of the tree. (May Allah shower them all with His pleasure)."

Praising Allah
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi al-Qad.hi reported to me from Muhammad b. Ali b. Ibrahim, who reported from Muhammad b. Abu al-Ambar, who reported from Ali b. al-Husain b. Waqid, from his father, from Abu Amru b. al-Ala, from Abdullah b. Buraidah, from Bashir b. Ka'b, from Shaddad b. Aws, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "The confirmation of faith by asserting 'there is no god but Allah' fills half of the scale, and when one expresses praise and gratitude to Allah, the scale is fully supplemented."

Love each other for Allah
He said: Abu al-Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Walid, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his father, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from Muhammad b. Marwan, from Muhammad b. Ajlan, who reported that:
Abu Abdillah, Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon them both, said: "Blessed are those who do not change the bounties of Allah by ingratitude, and blessed are those who create a bond of love among themselves for the sake of Allah."

Blessings from Allah are a gift
He said: Abu Ghalib Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Zurari, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his maternal uncle Abu al-Abbas Muhammad b. Ja'far al-Razzaz al-Qurashi, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Husain b. Abu al-Khattab, from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from Jamil b. Swaleh, from Barid b. Mo'awiyah al-Ajali, from Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali al-Baqir, peace be upon him, from his forefathers, that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said Allah, Most High, says: "Grace and Blessing are My gift to My believing servant. If he accepts them, that is My mercy and from Me. And if he rejects them, that is because of his sins which deprive him; and it is his doing and not Mine. And I have guided every creature to Faith, and fashioned him in a shapely manner. And I never made him a victim of miserliness, for I always wished him good."

Never gloat over misfortunes of others
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Jea'bi reported to me from Abu Nasr Muhammad b. Umar al-Nishaburi, who reported from Muhammad b. Abu Sary, who reported from his father, who reported from Hafs b. Ghiyas, from Bard b. Sinan, from Makhool, from Wathilah b. al-Asqa, who said:
The Prophet said: "Never gloat over the misfortune of your brother, for he may be freed from it and you may be the next victim."

Piety
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qawlawayh reported to me from his father, who reported from Sa'd b. Abdillah, who reported from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from Yunus b. Abdul Rehman, from Kulaib b. Mua'waiyah al-Asadi, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, say: "By Allah, you ought to realize that you are following the religion of Allah and His angels; so help us to that end by being pious and by (strenuous) effort (to remain steadfast). It is your duty to always establish prayers and be worshipping. It is your duty to remain pious."

A Hyprocrite
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Khalid al-Maraghi reported to me from Abul Qasim al-Hasan b. Ali, from Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Marwan, from his father who reported from Ahmad b. Isa, who reported from Muhammad b. Ja'far, from his father Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, from his forefathers, peace be upon them all, who said:

Rely on Allah alone
He said: Abul Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Walid reported to me from his father, who reported from Muhammad b.al-Hasan al-Saffar, from Ali b. Muhammad al-Qashani, from al-Isfehani, from Sulaiman b. Dawood al-Manqari, from Hafs b. Ghayas, who reported that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: "When any of you prays to Allah with a firm intention to have his prayer answered, then he should (first) despair from all the people, and he should have no hope attached to anyone except Allah, Most High. When Allah finds that in his heart, then there is no prayer from him except that He grants.
And take account of yourselves before your account is taken (on the Day of Reckoning), for on the Day of Resurrection there will be fifty stations, each equal to a thousand years of your reckoning." Then he recited this verse (from Qur'an): '... in a period of day whereof the measure is fifty thousand years.' (70:4)."

 The meaning of Iman
He said: Abu Bakr, Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported from Abu Abdillah al-Husain b. Ali al-Maliki, who reported from Abu al-Swalt al-Hirawi, who reported from al-Ridha, Ali b. Musa, peace be upon him, from his father Musa b. Ja'far, peace be upon him, from his father Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, from his father Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon him, from his father Ali b. al-Husain Zainul Abedeen, peace be upon him, from his father al-Husain b. Ali al-Shaheed, peace be upon him, from his father Amirul Mo'mineen Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, who reported that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Faith is a statement to be uttered, a deed to be acted upon, and an acknowledgement by intellectual recognition."
Abu al-Swalt said: I related this tradition in a sitting with Ahmad b. Hanbal, and he said: "O Abu Swalt! If this chain of narration were to be read over the insane people, they would recover."

Acts which attract quick reward
He said: Abu Ghalib Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Zurari reported to me from his grandfather Muhammad b. Sulaiman, who reported from Muhammad b. Khalid, from Asim b. Hamid, from Abu Ubaidah al-Hazza', who said:
I heard Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali al-Baqir, peace be upon him, reporting that the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "A good act which attracts quickest reward (from Allah) is righteousness, and an evil act which draws close His wrath is to be oppressive. And the worst drawback in a person is that he sees (faults) in others, while he does not see the same in himself, and reproaches others for that which he himself cannot give up, and makes his companions suffer things with which he is not concerned."

Death wipes off the sins
He said: Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husain reported to me from Muhammad b. Ali Majilawayh from his uncle Mohammad b. Abul Qasim, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Khalid, from his father, from Muhammad b. Sinan, from Muhammad b. Atiyyah, from Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Death is an expiation for the sins of the believers."

Your brother is your responsibility
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Muhammad al-Katib reported to me from Abul Qasim Yahya b. Zakariyya al-Katanji, who reported from Abu Hashim Dawood b. al-Qasim al-Ja'fari, may Allah bless him with mercy, who said:
I heard al-Ridha Ali b. Musa saying: Once Amirul Mo'mineen, peace be upon him, told Kumail b. Ziyad during his discourse: "Your brother is your religion (his welfare is your religious responsibility) so be cautious of your religion in what you desire (for him)."

Deeds coupled with Taqwa
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi, reported to me from Abul Abbas Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Saeed Ibn Uqdah, who reported from Muhammad b. Haroon b. Abdul Rehman al-Hijazi, who reported from his father, who reported from Isa b. Abul Ward, from Ahmad b. Abdul Aziz, from Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, who reported that:
Amirul Mo'mineen, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, said: "Any deed performed with Taqwa is not little. And how can that which is accepted (by Allah) be little?"

Sign on certitude
He said: Abu Nasr Muhammad b. al-Husain al-Muqri reported to me from Abul Qasim Ali b. Muhammad, who reported from Abul Abbas al-Ahwas b. Ali b. Mardas, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Isa al-Rawasi, who reported from Sama'ah b. Mahran, that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: "Among the signs of certitude is that you will never please the people by earning the wrath of Allah, Most High, nor will you blame them if Allah did not grant you from His favour. Because sustenance is not led by the greed of the avaricious, nor is it prevented by the aversion of someone grudging. If anyone from you were to run away from his sustenance, the way he runs away from death, it would find him out, the way death would."

The best and the worst among people
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from Abu Ali Muhammad b. Hammam al-Iskafi, who reported from Abdullah b. Ala, who reported from Abu Saeed al-Adami, who reported from Umar b. Abdul Aziz, commonly known as Zohl, from Jamil b. Darraj, who reported that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: "The best people among you are those who are generous, and the worst among you are the misers. And the best deed is to treat your brothers well, and to strive to fulfil their needs, for that is what Satan dislikes; and in that is salvation from hellfire and entrance into Paradise. O Jamil, narrate this tradition to your special friends." I said: "Who are my special friends?" He said: "Those who are kind to their brothers in the time of hardship and ease." Then he said: "For those who are blessed with plenty, that is very easy. Indeed, Allah has praised those who have little. He said (in Qur'an): ' ... and they prefer others above themselves, even though poverty may afflict them. And whoever is saved from the greed of his own soul, those are the ones who prosper.' (59:0)"

Allah's decisive argument
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qawlawayh, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from Muhammad b. Abdullah b. Ja'far al-Himyari, who reported from his father, who reported from Haroon b. Muslim, who reported from Mas'adah b. Ziyad, who said that:
When Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, was asked about the verse: 'To Allah belongs the decisive argument.' (6:149), he said: When there will be the Day of Reckoning, Allah will address (His) slave: "Were you a learned man?" If he says "Yes," Allah will ask: "Did you not act according to your knowledge?" And if he says: "I was not learned," He will say: "Why did you not learn?" and so call him to account. That is the decisive argument of Allah, Most High, against His creatures.

Luqman's advice to his son
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qawlawayh, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from al-Husain b. Muhammad b. Amir, from al-Qasim b. Muhammad al-Isfehani, from Sulaiman b. Dawood al-Minqari, from Hammad b. Isa, who reported that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: Among the admonitions given by Luqman to his son, he said: "O son, in your days, night and hours, keep some portion for acquiring knowledge. Surely, you will not find any thing more wasteful than its disregard."

Forgiving, Merciful Allah
He said: Abu Ghalib Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Zurari, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from my Uncle Abul Hasan Ali b. Sulaiman b. al-Jahm, who reported from Abu Abdillah Muhammad b. Khalid al-Tayyalasi, who reported from al-Ala' b. Razin, from Muhammad b. Muslim al-Thaqafi, who said:
I asked Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon him, about the verse (in Qur'an): 'Those Allah will change their evil deeds into good deeds. Allah is ever all-Forgiving, Merciful.' (25:70)
He said: "A believer who will be a sinner will be brought on the Day of Reckoning, and made to stand for accounting. And Allah (Himself) will be in charge of his reckoning, and no other men will know about his reckoning. Then Allah will show him his sins, till when he will confirm his evil deeds, then Allah will command the recorders: 'Change them into good deeds, and display them to the people.' Then the people will ask: 'Did this slave not have even single lapse?' Then Allah will order him to Paradise. This is the true meaning of the verse, and it is especially for the sinners among our Shias."

Four characteristics
He said: Abul Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Waleed, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his father, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from Muhammad b. Abdul Jabbar, from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from Abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz, from Abu Hamza al-Thumali, who reported from Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon him, who said:
My father Ali b. al-Husain, peace be upon him, used to say that whoever has four characteristics in him, his faith will be deemed complete, and he will be purified of his sins, and he will meet his Lord having earned His pleasure: "He who fulfils his duty towards people for the sake of Allah, and he who is always truthful with people, and he who feels ashamed of committing any ugly deed before people and before Allah, and he who puts on the best behaviour with his family."

If one knew of his appointed hour
He said: Abu Hafs Umar b. Muhammad, popular as Ibn al-Zayyat, reported to me from Ali b. Mahrwayh al-Qazwini, who reported from Dawood b. Sulaiman al-Ghazi, who reported from al-Ridha Ali b. Musa, who reported from is father, Musa b. Ja'far, who reported from his father Ja'far b. Muhammad, who reported from his father Muhammad b. Ali, who reported from his father, Ali b. al-Husain, who reported from his father al-Husain b. Ali, peace be upon them all, who said:
Amirul Mo'mineen, peace be upon him, said: "If a slave of Allah were to see his appointed time of death, and how quickly it advance towards him, he would detest all his long hopes and would renounce seeking the world."
He said: Abul Faraj al-Barqi al-Dawadi reported to me the following verses which he heard from a saintly old man at Baytul Muqaddas.
"One waiting for death is busy every hour,
diligently constructing, erecting and fortifying,
He has moments, which are tested by a certain reality, (i.e. death)
but his deeds are of those who is not certain.
It is manifest yet denied, its knowledge treated as if
its ways were unknown to even those who are certain."

Always remember Allah
He said: Al-Muzaffar b. Muhammad al-Balkhi al-Warraq informed me from Abu Ali Muhammad b. Hammam al-Iskafi al-Katib, who reported from Abdullah b. Ja'far al-Himyari, who reported from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, who reported from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from Abu Hamza al-Thumali, from Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali al-Baqir, peace be upon him, who said:
A believer is in his prayers, as long as he remembers Allah, while standing, sitting or lying down. Surely, Allah says (in Qur'an): 'Those who remember Allah, standing, sitting, or lying on their sides, and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth: Our Lord, You have not created this in vain, glory be to You! So save us from the chastisement of the fire.' (3:191).

Three major sins
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qawlawayh, may Allah be pleased with him, reported to me from his father, from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from al-Husain b. Saeed, from Yasir, from Abdul Hasan al-Ridha, Ali b. Musa, peace be upon him, who said:
"When the rulers utter lies, the rains are withheld. And when the monarch is oppressive, the country is weakened and when Zakat is withheld, the livestock (upon which Zakat has been due) suffer death."

Things which corrupt
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Khalid al-Maraghi reported to me from Thawabah Ibn Yazid, who reported from Ahmad b. Ali al-Muthanna, from Muhammad b. al-Muthanna, from Shababah b. Sawwar, from al-Mubarak b. Saeed, from Khaleel al-Farrą, from Abu Al-Mujabbar, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Four things corrupt the heart; to be alone (in privacy) with women, to listen to (the advice of) women, and to seek their opinion, and to be in company of the dead." So someone asked: "O messenger of Allah! What is the company of the dead?" He said: "To be in company of anyone who leads astray from the faith and the one who is unfair in the judgements."

Give time to those in hardship
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi, reported to me from Abul Abbas Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Saeed, who reported from Abdullah b. Kharash, who reported from Ahmad b. Bard, who reported from Muhammad b. Ja'far b. Muhammad, from his father, Ja'far b. Muhammad, from his father Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon them, from Lababah b. Abd al-Munzar, that he went to collect his debt from Abu al-Yasar. He heard him say:
"Tell him, he is not here." So Abu Lababah exclaimed: "O Abu Yasar, come out." He came out. Abu Lababah asked: "What makes you act like this?" He said: "Hardship, O Abu Lababah." Do you say that in the name of Allah?" Abu al-Yasar said: "Yes, by His name." Then Abu Lababah said: "I heard the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny ask: "Who likes to be sheltered from the outburst of hellfire?" We said: "All of us would like that, O messenger of Allah." He said: "Then he should give respite to his debtor - or he should redeem the financial difficulty."

A brother in the name of Allah
He said: Abu Hafs Umar b. Muhammad al-Zayyat reported to me from Ali b. Mahrawayh al-Qazwini, who reported from Dawood b. Sulaiman al-Ghazi, who said:
I heard al-Ridha Ali b. Musa, peace be upon him, say: "Whoever has been able to acquire a brother in the name of Allah, has indeed found a house in Paradise." He said: Abul Hasan al-Rahbi al-Nahwi recited the following verse by Al-Hajjaj b. Yusuf al-Tamimi:
"If a man lives for fifty years
then he indeed is quite near the fountain of his return,
And when you pass a day of your life, do not say
I have passed, but say I have an observer over me!
And when a decade elapses in which you lived,
and are back to join in an ensuing decade, then you are a stranger."

Three important obligations
He said: Al-Shareef al-Swaleh Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Hamza al-Alawi, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from Ahmad b. Abdullah, from his grandfather Ahmad b. Abu Abdillah al-Barqi, from his father, from Yaqoob b. Yazid, from Ibn Abi Umair, from Hisham b. Salim, from Abu Ubaidah al-Hazzá, that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: "Should I not guide you to the most important obligations Allah has placed upon His creatures? To be fair and just with people in their dealings; to be comforting to the brothers in faith; to remember Allah in every situation. And when he faces a matter of obedience to Allah, he acts accordingly and when he comes across any sin, he shuns it."

The most helpless man
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported to me from Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Swaleh al-Qadhi, who reported from Masrooq b. al-Marzban, who reported from Hafs, from Asim, from Abu Uthman, from Abu Huraira, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "The most helpless person is the one who renders himself unable to supplicate (to Allah), and the most niggardly is the one who is miserly with greeting in salaam."

Benefit of meeting others
He said: Al-Shareef al-Swaleh Abu Muhammad al-Hasan b. Hamza, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from Abul Hasan Ali b. al-Fadhl, who reported from Abu Turab Ubaidullah b. Musa, who reported from Abul Qasim Abdul Azim b. Abdullah al-Hasani, may Allah bless him with mercy, who said:
I heard Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali b. Musa, peace be upon them, say: "Meeting with the brothers widens your intellect and fertilizes your wisdom, even if your meeting with them may be very few."

Hope from none but Allah
He said: Abul Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Walid, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his father who reported from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar, who reported from Ali b. Muhammad al-Qasani, from al-Isfehani, from al-Minqari, from Hafs b. Ghiyath al-Qadhi, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, say: "When anyone of you wishes that Allah grants him whatever he asks for, then he should despair of receiving anything from men; and he should pin hope on none but Allah, Most High. When Allah knows that from his heart, He grants him all his wishes." He said: "Take account of yourselves (by introspection) before you are called upon to do so, for the place on the Day of Resurrection has fifty stations, each one has a stay of one thousand years." Then he recited the verse: '... one day the duration of which is fifty thousand years.' (70:4).

Refrain from Jealousy
He said: Abu Nasr Muhammad b. al-Husain al-Baseer reported to me from Ali b. Ahmad b. Sa'yabah, who reported from Umar b. Abd al-Jabbar, from his father, who reported from Ali b. Ja'far b. Muhammad, from his brother Musa b. Ja'far, from his father Ja'far b. Muhammad, from his father, from his grandfather, peace be upon them, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, one day said to his companions: "Be it known that an evil from the bygone people has crept into you, and that is envy and jealousy. It does not shave off the hair, it shaves off the faith. A man can save himself from that if one controls his hands, spares his speech and does not slander his Mo'min brother."

Do not have long hopes
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported to me from Muhammad b.al-Walid, who reported from Ghandar Muhammad, who reported from Sha'bah, from Salemah b. Kuhail, from Abu al-Tufail Amir b. Wathilah al-Kinani, may Allah bless him with mercy, who said:
I heard Amirul Mo'mineen, peace be upon him, say: "The things I fear most about you are (two): (Delusion by) long (desire and) hope, and following the lusts (and temptations). As for the long hope, it makes one forget the world hereinafter, and the lusts (and base desires) keeps one back from the truth. Be it known to you that the world has indeed turned its back, and the next world has turned up to face you. And each has its own children; so be the children of the hereinafter and do not be the children of this (transitory) world. For surely, today is the day of action and no accounting, and the next world is for accounting and no action."

Control your temptations
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his father, from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from Ali b. Asbat, from his uncle Yaqoob b. Salim, from Abul Hasan al-Abdi, that:
Abu Abdillah al-Sadiq Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: "A slave of Allah does not control his temptation for the sake of Allah, except that Allah rewards him by entering him into Paradise."

The most God-fearing, the richest and the most pious
He said: Al-Mudhaffar b. Muhammad al-Balkhi reported to me from Muhammad b. Hammam Abu Ali, who reported from Hamid b. Ziyad, who reported from Ibrahim b. Ubaidullah b. Hayyan, who reported from al-Rabee' b. Sulaiman, from Ismail b. Muslim al-Sakooni from al-Sadiq Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, from his father, from his grandfather, who said:
I heard the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, say: "Act according to what Allah had made obligatory upon you, and you will be the most God-fearing; and be content with what Allah has apportioned to you, and you will be the richest of all, and refrain from what Allah has forbidden, and you will be the most pious, and do good to your neighbours, and you will be (true) believer, and be a good companion and you will be a (good) Muslim."

Questions about Four Traits
And with the same chain of narration, the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said:
On the day of Resurrection, the feet of a slave will not move away from Allah, Most High, unless He has asked him four things: "How did you while away your life? How did you earn your wealth? And where did you spend it? And He will ask him about our love, the Ahlul Bait." A person present asked: "And what is the sign of your love, O messenger of Allah?" He said: "To love him," and then he placed his hand on the head of Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him.

Completion of Faith
He said: Abul Qasim, Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qawlawayh, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his father, who reported from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, who reported from Ali b. al-Hakam, from Abu Saeed al-Qammat, from al-Mufaddhal b. Umar al-Jo'fi, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah, Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, saying: "The faith of a slave (of Allah) is never complete without four traits: noble character, generosity, sparing of unnecessary speech, and spending the surplus from ones wealth."

Imam Al-Baqir's advice to his sons
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from Muhammad b. Hammam, from Abdullah b.al-Ala', from Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. Shammoon, from Hammad b. Isa, from Ismail b. Abi Khalid, who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, say: We were gathered together by (our father) Abu Ja'far, peace be upon him, and then he said: "O my sons, beware of meddling with the rights of others, and be enduring when visited by any misfortune, and if people call you to any matter whose harm to you is more than its benefit, do not respond."

Words of wisdom on knowledge
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported to me from al-Sheikh al-Swaleh Abdullah b. Muhammad b. Ubaidullah b. Yaseen, who said: I heard the righteous slave of Allah, Ali b. Muhammad b. Ali al-Ridha, peace be upon them, at Samarra, reporting from his forefathers, peace be upon them, who said:
Amirul Mo'mineen, peace be upon him said: "Knowledge is the most precious legacy, and civility and good manners are beautiful adornments, and thinking intellectually is a clean mirror, and drawing lessons from the events is the best warner and advisor. The best description to cultivate for yourself is to avoid that which you would not like others to do to you."

Defend your brother's name
He said: Abu Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Jurjurai reported to me from Ishaq b. Abdus, who reported from Muhammad b. Abdillah b. Sulaiman al-Hadhrami, who reported from Muhammad b. Ismail al-Ahmasi, who reported from Al-Maharibi, from Ibn Abi Laila, from al-Hakam b. Utaibah from Ibn Abu al-Darda', from his father who said:
A man defamed and slandered another man in presence of the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, so a person from the people present, refuted him. The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Whoever defends the honour of his brother, that act will shield him from hellfire."

On free will and divine intervention
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Malik al-Nahwi reported to me from Muhammad b. al-Fadhl, who reported from Abu Abdillah Muhammad b. Ahmed b. Ibrahim al-Katib who reported from Yamoot b. al-Muzarra', who reported from Isa b. Ismail who reported from Al-Asma'ee who reported from Isa b. Amru that Dhur Rummah, the poet, believed that there was no divine intervention in the acts. And Ibn al-Ajjaj believed otherwise. One day, they were together at the governor of Basrah, Bilal b. Abi Bardah, who knew of the difference in their beliefs, so he instigated a debate between them. Ro'bah (i.e. Ibn al-Ajjaj) said:
"By Allah, a bird does not find out its nesting place and a predator does not find its victim's hiding place, except by that which has been destined by Allah." So, Dhur Rummah replied him:"By Allah, it is not Allah Who guides a wolf to run away with a poor, afflicted man's milker." Ro'bah said: "Then, did the wolf snatch it away by the will of Allah or by its own will?" Dhur Rummah said: "Of course, (the wolf snatched it away) by its own will and desire." Ro'bah said: "That, By Allah, is a lie imputed against the wolf." Dhur Rummah retorted: "By Allah, imputing a lie against the wolf is lesser (evil) than imputing a lie against the Creator of the wolf."
He (i.e. Sheikh al-Mufid) said: Then Abul Hasan Ali b. Malik al-Nahwi recited for me the verses by Mahmood al-Warraq, following the above narration:
"I am censured (because) I did not commit sins by ignorance,
Nor were they the doing of the other, nor mine,
And I did not do so because of my insolence towards Allah,
Nor because my sensitivity did not get the better of my ignorance,
I committed them with favourable expectation of the forgiveness,
From the One Who is peerless in His graces and favours,
So, if my good expectations are confirmed by Him,
Then in that grace is included everyone like me,
And if He subjects me to the chastisement,
Then that has come to me by way of justice."

Source:
Al-Amali: The Dictations of Sheikh al-Mufid


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