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An Admonisher from Your Inner Self

He said: Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan reported to me from his father, who reported from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from Malik b. Atiyyah, from Abu Hamza al-Thumali, who said:
Ali b.al-Husain Zainul Abedeen, peace be upon him, used to say: "O son of Adam, you will always be on the right path as long as you have an admonisher from your inner self; and as long as you remain concerned about taking your own account; and as long as the fear of Allah and the repentance (for your lapses) remain your apparel. You will surely die one day, to stand before Allah the Most High, (so be ready with your answers)."

"I fear for my Ummah about three things. . ."
He said: Abu Hafs Umar b. Muhammad al-Sayrafi reported to me from Ali b. Mahrawayh al-Qazwini, who reported from Dawood b. Sulaiman al-Ghari, who reported from al-Ridha Ali b. Musa, who reported form his father Musa b. Ja'far, who reported from his father Ja'far b. Muhammad, who reported from his father Muhammad b. Ali, who reported from his father Ali b. Husain, who reported from his father al-Husain b. Ali, who reported from his father Amirul Mo'mineen Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon them all, that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "I fear for my Ummah about three things: Going astray after having recognized the truth; and being misled by the trials and the ordeals; and the base desires incited by lust and hunger."

"Who deserves to be sorry about it?"
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Malik al-Nahwi reported to me from Muhammad b. al-Fadhl, by his former chain of narrations till al-Asmaee', from Isa b. Amru, who said:
A man once sought help from Abu Amru b. al-Ala' for his needs and Abu Amru promised him. But then, it became impossible for Abu Amru to fulfil the promise. Later, when the man met him, he said: "O Abu Amru, you promised me something, but never fulfilled it!' Abu Amru said: "Who do you think deserves to be sorry about it, you or I?" The man said: "I deserve." Abu Amru said: "No, by Allah, I deserve it." The man asked: "Why is that so?" Abu Amru said: "Well, I made a promise to you; so you went away happy with the hope and I remained worried about its fulfillment. Surely, you must have slept that night peacefully and with delight while I spent the night, thoughtful and anxious. Then the circumstances prevented me from reaching my intention, so you meet me while I am ashamed and I meet you totally humbled."

Beware of the company of the sinners
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad reported to me from his father, from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmad b. Abu Abdillah al-Barqi, who reported from Bakr b. Swalah al-Razi, from Sulaiman b. Ja'far al-Ja'fari, who said:
I heard Abul Hasan, peace be upon him, saying to my father: "How is that I saw you at Abdul Rahman b. Yaqoob?" He said: "He is my uncle." So Abul Hasan, peace be upon him said: "He says appalling things about Allah, defining Him, while Allah cannot be described. So, you either sit with him and leave us, or you sit with us and leave him!" My father said: "Shall I not sit with him even if I do not ascribe to what he says?"
Abul Hasan, peace be upon him, said: "Do you not fear that a divine wrath may descend and afflict you all?" Do you not know that there was a companion of Musa and his father was a partisan of Pharoah (Fira'wn). When the horses of Pharoah drew near Musa, peace be upon him, that companion stayed behind to admonish his father. And Musa saw him and his father engaged in the dispute, till they reached the sea and both were drowned together. When Musa learnt about this, he asked Jibraeel about his companion's destiny. He said: "May Allah have mercy on him, the man drowned and was not in any way associated with the belief of his father. But when the divine wrath descends, it grants no defense to those near the sinners."

Allah protects the righteous
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Bilal al-Mahlabi reported to me from Ali b. Abdillah al-Isfehani, who reported from Ibrahim b Muhammad al-Thaqafi, who reported from Muhammad b. Ali, who reported from Ibrahim b. Harasah, who reported from Ja'far b. Ziyad al-Ahmar, who reported that Zaid b. al-Husain, peace be upon him, once read the verse:
'And as for the wall, it belonged to two orphan boys in the town and there was beneath it a treasure belonging to them; and their father was a righteous man. So your Sustainer (i.e. Allah) willed that they should attain their maturity and bring forth their treasure....' (al-Kahf: V 82)
Then he said: "Allah guarded their treasure because of their father's righteousness; so who is worthier for the best protection than us? The messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny, is our grandfather and his daughter, the leading lady of the women of Paradise, is our mother. And the first one to confirm his faith in Allah, His Oneness, and to offer prayers to Him was our father."

On the day when repentance will not benefit
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Malik al-Nahwi reported to me from Muhammad b. al-Fadhl, who reported from Muhammad b. Ahmad b. Ibrahim al-Katib, who reported from Yamoot b. al-Muzarra', who reported from Isa b. Ismail from Al-Asmaee', who said:
Once, I heard a Bedouin, before whom a monarch had been mentioned, saying: "If they have attained honour in this world by injustice and tyranny, they will definitely be disgraced by justice in the next world. They have contented themselves with little, leaving aside plenty, with insignificant things, setting aside that which is weightier. They will meet with forfeiture on the day when repentance will not benefit."
And Abul Hasan recited the following couplets by Abu al-Ata'hiya:
"Glory to the Master of all Dominions!
What a night will it be, which will
bear the dawn of the Day of Judgement?
If a person were to imagine himself, how he will look
on the day of Judgement,
he may never glance at it.
Allah has destined all man to extinction;
Some go earlier and some lay behind."

Earning an answered supplication
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported to me from Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Abdullah b. Ali al-Alawi al-Zaidi, who reported from al-Ridha, Ali b. Musa, peace be upon him that: The righteous slave of Allah, my father, Musa b. Ja'far reported from his father al-Sadiq, Ja'far b. Muhammad, reported from his father Muhammad b. Ali al-Baqir, reported from his father, Zainul Abedeen Ali b. al-Husain, reported from his father, al-Husain b. Ali al-Shaheed, reported from his father Amirul Mo'mineen Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon them all, that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "He who performs his (daily) obligatory prayer, earns a blessing of (at least) one supplication answered by Allah."

A fool is best punished when totally ignored
He said: Abdul Husain Muhammad b.al-Muzaffar al-Bazzaz, reported to me from Abul Qasim Abdul Malik b. Ali al-Dahhan, who reported from Abul Hasan Ali b. al-Hasan, from al-Hasan b. Bashir, from As'ad b. Saeed from Jabir who said:
Once, Amirul Mo'mineen Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him heard someone abusing Qambar, and Qambar was about to answer back. So, Amirul Mo'mineen Ali, peace be upon him, called out to Qambar: "Take it easy O, Qambar! Leave the one who abuses you to be ashamed of himself, so that Allah is pleased and Satan is resentful and your adversary is punished. For, By He Who, split the grain and created the breathing man, nothing from a believer pleases His Sustainer better than forbearance; and nothing makes Satan more indignant than the silence; and the fool is best punished when totally ignored."

Be like a honeybee among the birds
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Jea'bi reported from Abu Ali al-Husain b. Muhammad al-Kindi, who reported from Amru b. Muhammad al-Harith, who reported from his father Muhammad b. al-Harith, who reported from al-Sabah b. Yahya al-Muzni, from al-Harith b. Husayrah, from his father who said:
Amirul Mo'mineen, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, told his followers: Be among people like a honeybee among the birds. For every quality that a bird has (like flight and speed), it considers the bee as weak; but if the birds know what blessings the bees carry in their stomach, they would not have treated them such. Mix up with the people with your tongues and your bodies (i.e. in appearance), but disassociate from them with your hearts and your deeds. Every soul shall have what it earns, and on the Day of Judgement, he will be with the one he loved."

Blessed are those who are detached from this world inclined to the next one
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Khalid al-Maraghi reported to me from al-Husian b. Muhammad al-Bazzaz, who reported from Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Abdillah al-Alawy al-Muhammadi, who reported from Yahya b. Hashim al-Ghassani, from Abu Asim al-Nabeel, from Sufyan, from Abu Ishaq, from Alaqamah b. Qais, from Nawf al-Bikali, who said:
I spent one night at the house of Amirul Mo'mineen Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, and I saw him coming and going from the house frequently looking at the sky. Then he entered a normal entrance and said (to me): "Are you awake or asleep?" I said: "I am awake, watching you since nightfall, seeing what you do." He said: "O Nawf, blessed are those who are detached from this world, inclined to the next one. They have adopted the earth of Allah as a carpet, the dust He created as a cushion, His Book as the under cover, and supplications to Him as the outer cover, and His water as the delicate scent. They relinquish and renounce this world, the way Jesus, peace upon him, did.
Surely, Allah revealed to Jesus: 'O, Jesus, it is (obligatory) upon you to follow the path of the predecessors, so that you join the group of the Prophets. O, brothers of the warners, tell your people not to enter any of my houses except with pure hearts, clean hands and humbled eyes. For verily, I do not hear the prayers of a supplicant who has usurped the right of any of my servants, nor do I answer the prayers of the one who owes me an unfulfilled duty.'
O Nawf, if you can avoid to be a monitor of the people, or a poet, or a drummer or a lute player, then do so. For Prophet Dawood, peace be upon him, came out in one of the nights, looked at various parts of the sky and then said: By the Sustainer of Dawood, this is the blessed hour during which if a Muslim servant succeeded to beseech Allah to grant him good, He would definitely grant it to him, except if he were a monitor of the people, or a poet, or a drummer or a lute player."

Salman's young friend overawed with the fear of divine chastisement
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad - may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from Muhammad b. Abdillah b. Ja'far al-Himyari, from his father, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from Ibn Abi Umair, from Umar b. Yazid, who reported that:
Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him said: "Once, Salman - may Allah be pleased with him, passed by the iron mongers of Kufa and he saw a young man who had fainted and people had gathered around him. They told him: "O Abu Abdillah, this young man has had a fit, perhaps you would come to recite something in his ears." He said: Salman came closer to the youth, and when the young man saw Salman, he gained consciousness and said: "I do not suffer from what these people think! The fact is that when I passed by those iron mongers and I saw them strike with the sledgehammers, I remembered what Allah, Most High, says (in the Qur'an): 'And for them awaits hooked iron lashes' (al-Haj:V21). Overawed with the fear of divine chastisement, I lost my senses."
Salman took him as his brother, and in his heart, entered the sweetness of affection for the young man, for the sake of Allah. They remained together; till one day the young man fell ill. Salman visited him and sat near his head, while the young man was about to die. So he (Salman) said: "O angel of Death, be tender with my brother." He (the angel) said: "O, Abu Abdillah, I am tender with all the faithfuls."

Establish prayers on time
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported to me from Abul Abbas Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Saeed Ibn Uqdah, that Ahmad b. Yahya b. Zakariyya reported to them from Muhammad b. Ali, who reported from Abu Badr, from Amru b. Yazid b. Murrah, from Suwaid b. Ghaflah, from Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Whoever is carefully concerned about (praying at) the exact hours of the daily prayers and about the rising and the setting (hours) of the sun, I guarantee for him peace at the time of death, relieved of all the griefs and anxieties, and salvation from the hell fire. Sometimes back, we were minding the camels, now we mind the sun."

Fear of Allah . . . a great security
He said: Abu Abdillah Muhammad b. Imran al-Marzabani, reported from Abu Abdillah Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Hakimi, who reported from Muhammad b. Ishaq al-Saghani, who reported from Sulaiman b. Ayyub, who reported from Ja'far b. Sulaiman, from Thabit, from Anas, who said:
Once, a man from Ansar fell ill, and the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, visited him when he was about to die. He (the Prophet) said: "How do you find yourself?" He said: "I see myself hopeful of my Master's mercy, fearfully concerned about my sins." So the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "On occasion like this, these two do not combine in a believer's heart, except that Allah grants him his hope and secures him from what he fears."

People who performed four things and missed the fifth
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Bilal al-Mahalabi reported to me from Abdullah b. Rashid al-Isfehani, who reported from Ibrahim b. Muhammad al-Thaqafi, who reported from Ismail b. Subayh, who reported from Salim b. Abu Salim al-Misri, from Abu Haroon al-Abdi who said:
I held the opinion of the al-Khawarij, accepting nothing else. Then one day, I sat at Abu Saeed al-Khudari - may Allah bless him with mercy, and heard him say: "People were ordered to do five things and they performed four out of them, leaving the fifth." A man asked: "O Abu Saeed, which are the four things they performed?" He said: "The daily prayers, the zakat (alms giving), the Hajj and fasting during the month of Ramadhan." He asked: "And which one did they leave out?" He said: "The wilayah of Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him." The man asked: "Was it made obligatory with the first four?" Abu Saeed said: "Yes, by the Lord of Ka'bah!" The man said: "In that case, the people have indeed transgressed!" Abu Saeed said: "What is my fault?"

The poor shall enter the Paradise first
He said: Abul Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad reported to me from his father, from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from al-Ula b. Razeen b. al-Qalla, from Abdullah b. Abi Ya'foor, who reported that:
Abu Ja'far, peace be upon him, said: "The poor faithfuls shall be moving about in the gardens of Paradise for forty years before the rich faithfuls reach there." Then he said: "I will give you an example. It is just like two ships passing by a tax collector. He sees one and finds nothing in it, so he allows it to pass by swiftly. Then he looks into the other, and finds it loaded fully. So he stops it."

Do not pry on the faults of the believers and do not revile the Muslims
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad - may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his father, from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from Muhammad b. Sinan, from Ishaq b. Ammar, from Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "O those who have submitted with their tongues, but their faith has not reached their hearts, do not pry on the faults of the believers and do not revile the Muslims. Surely, he who goes in search for the faults of the believers, Allah will pry on his faults; and when Allah does that, He exposes him in the inner most part of his house."

And when death arrives, it does not leave for the Adam's son, any extras or surplus
He said: Abu Ubaidullah Muhammad b. Imran al-Marzbani reported to me from Hanzalah Abu Ghassan, who reported from Abu al-Mundhar Hisham b. Muhammad b. al-Saeb, from Muhraz, from Ja'far, the client of Abu Huraira, who said:
Once, Artat b. Suhaiyya, who was then one hundred thirty years old, called upon Abdul Malik b. Marwan. Abdul Malik said: "O Artat! What is now left of your poetry?" He said: "By Allah, O, Commander of the faithfuls, I do not rejoice, nor do I get angry, nor do I drink. And if I feel like expressing these sentiments in a poem, then nothing comes to my mind but the following:
"I have seen man devoured by the nights,
the way iron junk is eaten up by the earth;
And when death arrives, it does not leave
for the Adam's son, any extras or surplus.
And I know that it will continue to come,
Till it fulfills its pledge with Abul Al-Walid."
Abdul Malik's kunya was Abul Al-Walid, so when he heard the couplet, he was terribly shaken. So, Artat said: "I meant myself, O, Commander of the faithfuls." Because Artat also had the kunya Abu Al-Walid.
Abdul Malik said: "By Allah, whatever happens to you shall happen to me also."

Believer's tears in the fear of Allah
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Qawlawayh - may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his father, from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa al-Ashari, from al-Hasan b. Mehboob, from Hisham b. Salim, from Muhammad b. Marwan, that:
Abu Ja'far al-Baqir, peace be upon him, said: "There is no eye that gets filled with tears due to the fear of Allah, except that Allah saves its whole body from hell fire; and the cheeks upon which the tears stream down, shall have neither gloom nor disgrace overspreading the face; and every good deed has a fixed weight and reward, except the tears which flow due to the fear of Allah, for with every drop, Allah shall put out oceans of fire of the Day of Judgement. Surely, when one person among a group of Muslim people (i.e. Ummah) weeps with the fear of Allah, He blesses that whole Ummah with mercy because of that believer's tears."

The one who stood on a clear sign from His Sustainer
and his witness from Him
He said: Abul Hasan Ali b. Bilal al-Mahlabi reported to me from Ali b. Abdillah b. Asad al-Isfehani, who reported from Ibrahim b. Muhammad al-Thaqafi, who reported from Ismail b. Aban, who reported from al-Sabbah b. Yahya al-Muzni, from al-A'mash from al-Minhal b. Amru, from Abbad b. Abdillah, who said:
That a person called upon Amirul Mo'mineen, peace be upon him, and asked: "O Amirul Mo'mineen, explain to me the verse of Qur'an in which Allah says:
'Is the one who stands upon a clear sign from his Sustainer and a witness to him follows him ....?' (Hud:V.17)
He (Ali) said: "The messenger of Allah, peace be upon him and his progeny, is the one who stood on a clear sign from His Sustainer; and I am his witness from Him. By He Who controls my breath, Allah has mentioned in His Book about every group from Quraish. By Him Who controls my soul, for the people to understand what Allah has destined for us Ahlul Bait, through the revelation to His unlearned Prophet, is more lovable to me than for me to have the whole expanse filled with gold. By Allah, our example in this Ummah is like Noah's Arc or like the Gate of Forgiveness for the children of Israel."

Pray with all your heart and mind. . .
He said: Abul Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Walid - may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his father, from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from Ibrahim al-Karkhi who said:
I heard Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, say: "When Allah combines in the heart of a believer the virtues of guarding from the forbidden evils and renouncing the world, I pray that Allah grant him paradise." Then he added: "I love to find a believing person from you standing for his daily prayers, with all his heart and mind set for Allah; not digressed by any worldly anxieties. And when a faithful comes to his Sustainer with all his heart and mind, then Allah turns His attention towards him; and after He has confirmed His love for him, He fills the people's heart with His love."

Believers are all brothers
He said: Abu Hafs, Umar b. Muhammad al-Sayrafi, reported from Muhammad b. Hammam al-Katib al-Iskafi, who reported from Abdullah b. Ja'far al-Himyari, who reported from Muhammad b. Isa al-Ash'ari, who reported from Abdullah b. Ibrahim, who reported from al-Husain b. Zaid, from Ja'far b. Muhammad, from his father who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "The believers are all brothers; each one fulfilling the needs of the other. And because they help each other when in need, Allah will fulfill their needs on the Day of Judgement."

The two most firm bonds of faith
He said: Abul Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Walid reported to me from his father, from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from al-Hasan b. Mahboob, from Malik b. Atiyya, from Saeed al-A'araj, that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad al-Sadiq, peace be upon him said: "Among the most firm bonds of faith is that you love for the sake of Allah, and hate for the sake of Allah. And you give away for the sake of Allah, and refuse to give for the sake of Allah."

Man is with him who he loves
He said: Abu Nasr Muhammad b. al-Husain al-Muqri, reported to me from Abu Abdillah al-Husain b. Muhammad al-Asadi, who reported from Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Abdillah al-Alawi, who reported from Yahya b. Hashim al-Ghassani, who reported from Yahya b. Tha'labah al-Ansari, from Asim b. Abu al-Najood, from Zarr b. Hubaish from Abdullah b. Masood, who said:
Once, when we were with the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, on one of his journeys, a Bedouin shouted at us: "O Muhammad!" The Prophet said: "What do you want?" He said: "What about a person who has an affinity and love for a community, but does not follow their acts?" The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Man is with him who he loves."
Then he said: "O Muhammad, present to me al-Islam." He (i.e. the Prophet) said: "Testify that there is no god but Allah, and that I am His messenger. And establish the daily prayers, give alms (zakat), fast during the month of Ramadhan and come to the House of Allah for Hajj." He said: "O, Muhammad, do you take any reward for this?" He (i.e. the Prophet) said: "None, except the love for the nearest kins." He asked: "Do you mean my nearest kins or yours?" He (i.e. the Prophet) said: "My kins." He said: "Extend your hand so that I may give you my allegiance. There is no good in a person who does not love you and your kinsfolk."

No good is too much, no evil too little
He said: Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ali b.al-Husain b. Babawayh - may Allah have mercy on him, reported from his father, from Ali b. Ibrahim, from Muhammad b. Isa b. Ubaid, from Uthman b. Isa from Sama'ah b. Mehran, who said:
I heard Abul Hasan Musa b. Ja'far, peace be upon him, say: "Do not regard your good deeds as too many, and do not consider your sins as too few. Surely, sometimes those little lapses gather together to become many. And be mindful (fearful) of Allah, Most High, in your privacy, so that you are granted to treat yourselves justly. And hasten towards obedience to Allah, and be truthful in your speech, and return the deposits held by you to the rightful owner. These traits are good for you; and do not get involved in things which are not legitimate for they will do you harm!"

When Allah wishes His servant well
He said: Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad - may Allah have mercy on him, reported to me from Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. Ya'qoob al-Kulayni - may Allah bless him with mercy, from al-Husain b. Muhammad, from Mu'alla b. Muhammad, from al-Husain b. Ali al-Washha', from Hammad b. Uthman, who reported from Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, from his forefathers, peace be upon them, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "When Allah wishes well for a servant, He makes him learned in the Religion (i.e. Islam)."

Do not transgress Divine limits
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported to me from Abdullah b. Ja'far b. Muhammad b. A'yan al-Bazzaz, who reported from Zakariyya b. Yahya b. Sabeeh, who reported from Khalaf b. Khalifa, from Saeed b. Ubaid al-Taee, from Ali b. Rabee'ah al-Walibi, from Amirul Mo'mineen, Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, who said:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Surely, Allah has set for you limits, so do not transgress them; and has made certain acts obligatory upon you, so do not waste them; and has set some traditions for you, so follow them; and has made sacred some sanctities, so do not desecrate them; and He has excused you about certain matters as a token of mercy for you, without forgetting them, so do not burden yourselves with them."

Let no hopes or ambitions digress you
He said: Abu Ubaidullah Muhammad b. Imran al-Marzbani reported to me from Ahmad b. Muhammad al-Makki, who reported from Abu al-Ayna, from Muhammad b. al-Hakam, from Lut b. Yahya, from al-Harith b. Ka'b, from Mujahid who reported that:
Amirul Mo'mineen Ali b. Abi Talib, peace be upon him, said: "Be least interested in this world from which no one from your predecessors ever benefited, nor will it remain for anyone after you have gone! The path you are walking on is the same as that of the bygones, totally cut off and subjected to annihilations, their good deeds forgotten and unknown. This world warns its inmates of destruction, and its residents of Death. That which was once sweet from it has become bitter; and that which was once clear has become turbid. Nothing has ever remained in it except like the last droplets of water in a vessel, or a few gulps, which if a thirsty were to suck up, would not be satiated.
So, be prepared for a journey from this abode, whose residents are destined to perish, and prevented from living forever. They have been submitted to dying, therefore no life should crave perpetuity. Everyone here awaits death. Let no hopes and expectations digress you, nor should you regard it as a long age; and do not be deceived by its promises.
And, if you were to roam about like a camel yearning to find its heifer and coo like a dove, calling its young one, and raise your beseeching cry like a worshipful hermit, and come out together with your wealth and children, so as to seek nearness to Him, and be elevated in His estimation; or to be forgiven the sins which His angels and scribes have recorded, it would all be too little to earn His reward which I hope for you, or to be saved from His wrath which I fear for you. May Allah keep us and you among the repentents and the worshipping ones."

Quickest evil consequences
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported to me from Abul Qasim al-Hasan b. Ali b. al-Hasan, who reported from Ja'far b. Muhammad b. Marwan, from his father, who reported from Muhammad b. Ismail al-Hashimi, who reported from Abdul Mu'min, who reported from Muhammad b. Ali b. al-Husain, peace be upon him, that Jabir b. Abdullah al-Ansari narrated:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "The quickest evil consequence is for a man to whom you do a good turn and he pays you back by evil deeds; and a man with whom you have entered into a covenant wishing to fulfil it, while he intends to deceive you; and a person to who you are not insolent, but he persists in his insolence against you; and a person with whom you mend your blood relationship but he cuts you off."

Complete Islam
He said: Abul Hasan Ahmad b. Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. al-Walid reported to me from his father, from Muhammad b. al-Hasan al-Saffar, from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Isa, from al-Hasan b. Mahboob; from Abu Ayyub al-Khazzar, from Abu Hamza al-Thumali - may Allah bless him with mercy, who heard:
Abu Ja'far al-Baqir Muhammad b. Ali, peace be upon him, say: "Whoever has four traits in him, his Islam is complete, his faith is entrenched and he is purified from his sins; and he will meet his Lord, having earned His pleasure, even if he were immersed in sins from head to toe. They are: Fulfilling what one adopts as divine obligation upon oneself; being truthful with the people; to be ashamed of acts which are ugly and evil in the eyes of Allah and the people; to adopt the best morality and behaviour with the family and the people.
And among the believers, whoever has four traits, Allah will grant him abode with the highest of the high ones, in a chamber above the chambers and at a place of highest honour. They are: One who gives shelter to an orphan, treating him or her like a kind father; one who is kind to the weak (or old), helping and sufficiently providing; one who maintains his parents, being friendly and kind to them, never causing them any grief; and one who is not awkward with his servants and dependents, being helpful to them in what he assigns to them, never imposing a burden upon them greater than they can bear."

Avoid being vulgar
He said: Abu Abdillah Muhammad b. Imran al-Marzbani reported to me from Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Hakimi, who reported from Muhammad b. Ishaq, who reported from Yahya b. Moeen, who reported from Abdul Razzaq, who reported from Mo'mar, from Thabit, from Anas b. Malik that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "Whenever there is any vulgarity in any affair, it does not leave it without being tarnished; and whenever there is bashfulness in any matter, it does not leave it without being adorned."

Expiation for Ghibah
He said: Abu Ubaidullah Muhammad b. Imran al-Marzbani reported to me from Muhammad b. Ahmad al-Hakimi, who reported from Muhammad b. Ishaq, who reported from Dawood b. al-Muhabbar, who reported from Ambasah b. Abdul Rahman al-Qarshi, who reported from Khalid b. Yazid al-Yamani, who reported from Anas b. Malik that:
The Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, said: "The penance and expiation for backbiting anyone is to seek forgiveness from Allah for him or her."

Seek provision from halaal
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar b. Salim b. al-Baraa, popularly known as Ibn al-Je'abi, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from Abul Abbas Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Saeed al-Hamdani, popularly known as Ibn Uqdah, who reported from Yahya b. Zakariyya b. Shayban, who reported from Muhammad b. Marwan al-Dhuhali, from Amru b. Saif al-Azdi who said:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad (peace be upon him) told me: "Do not abandon seeking your subsistence from its legitimate sources, for that helps you remain on your faith. And fasten your camel (first), and then entrust (it to) Allah."

When prayers are not blessed
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported to me from Abul Abbas Ahmad b. Muhammad, who reported from Muhammad b. Abdillah b. Ghalib, who reported from al-Husain b. Ali b. Rabah, from Saif b. Umairah, who reported from Muhammad b. Marwan, who reported from Abdullah b. Abi Ya'foor that:
Abu Abdillah Ja'far b. Muhammad, peace be upon him, said: "Allah does not bless the prayers with acceptance from three persons: From a slave who has escaped from his masters, till he returns and places his hand in their hands; from an Imam who leads people (in prayers) while they hate him; from a wife who passes a night while her husband is displeased with her."

Never humiliate . . .
He said: Abu Bakr Muhammad b. Umar al-Je'abi reported to me from Abul Abbas Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Saeed, who reported from Ali b. al-Hasan, who reported from al-Abbas b. Amir, from Ahmed b. Rizq, from Ishaq b. Ammar, who said:
Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, asked me: "O Ishaq, how do you dispose of the zakat or your wealth, when ready?" I said: "People come to my house and I give them." He said: "I find that you are humiliating the believers. Be cautious! For Allah says: Whoever humiliates my righteous servants, he has indeed prepared himself to confront me."

Prayers to soothe pains
Abul Qasim Ja'far b. Muhammad, may Allah bless him with mercy, reported to me from his father, from Sa'd b. Abdillah, from Ahmed b. Muhammad b. Isa, from al-Husain b. Saeed, from Muhammad b. Abi Umayr, from Muhammad al-Ja'fi, from his father who said:
I always complained about my eyes. Once I complained about it to Abu Abdillah, peace be upon him, he said: "May I teach you a prayer, beneficial for your life here and hereafter? And which will also treat the pain in your eye?" I said: "Yes."
He said: Say after morning and maghrib prayers: "O Allah, I beseech You in the name of Muhammad and his progeny, to bless Muhammad and his progeny, and to bestow light upon my eyes and insight upon my faith, certitude upon my heart, sincerity upon my acts, security upon my self, abundance upon my subsistence; and grant me to be ever thankful to You as long as You keep me."
And may Allah bless our master Muhammad and his progeny.

Source:
Al-Amali: The Dictations of Sheikh al-Mufid


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