The Famous Incidents Related to the Stations in the Hereafter World
Incident - 1
Fuzail bin Ayaz who was one of the great Sufi Saints, says that he had a pious and virtuous student. The student once fell ill, and when his death approached, Fuzail came to visit him and started reciting Surah-al-Yaseen. The student requested Fuzail to stop reciting it. Fuzail then requested him to recite the Kalema, but he refused to do so and said that he was sick of it (Allah's refuge). Fuzail was shocked and felt sad at the attitude of one of his pious students, he returned home and did not come out for some days. One night he dreamt that the same student was being dragged to the fire of hell by the Angels of wrath. Fuzail stopped them and inquired of his student as to why was he being treated in that manner, when he was always a pious and devout student of his. He asked him as to what was the reason behind his painful end. The student replied that he had three bad habits in him: (1) Slander, (Woe be on every slanderer & defamer) Surah-al-Humazah: I, (2) Jealousy, (Verily jealousy destroys faith (Eeman) in the same manner as fire destroys wood. - Usool Kafi), and (3) Creating mischief, (creating mischief is graver than murder) - (Surah-al-Baqarah: 217). The student also told Fuzail that he once committed an act which also proved harmful for his Hereafter. He said that once he had a disease, and the doctor had prescribed him to drink wine for it's cure. The doctor told him that if he did not do so he would never be cured. He did as the doctor said. Because of this and the other 3 bad habits his end was such painful, and he died in the state of shame.
For further explanation of the above narrative, I state below an incident quoted by Shaikh Kulaini, who quotes Abu Baseer as saying that, Once I was seated in the presence of Imam Jafar-as-Sadiq (A.S.), when Umme Khalid binte Ma'badiyyah came and told the Imam (A.S.) that since she knew the prohibition of it's use, she had come to the Imam (A.S.) to take advice regarding it. Imam Sadiq (A.S.) asked her, "What stopped you from using it"? She said that being one of His devout followers, she wished to be saved from shame, and on the day of Qayamat if she be questioned about it she could reply that it's use (or prohibition) was ordered to her by the Imam (A.S.) himself. The Imam (A.S.) turned towards me and said, "O Abu Mohammad! (referred to Abu Baseer), do you pay heed to what this woman says"? Then Imam Sadiq (A.S.) answered By Allah I never give you permission to consume even a drop of it, for if you do so, you shall have to regret when your spirit reaches here", and Imam (A.S.) pointed towards his neck and repeated the sentence thrice, and took the woman's assurance that she had understood it well.
Incident - 2
Shaikh Bahai states in his book 'Kashkol' that there was a person who had spent his entire life in pleasures and luxuries of this world. When he was about to die, the people gathered around him and requested him to recite the 'Kalema'. But instead of the 'Kalema' the dying man said: Where is that woman who in a state of exhaustion came to me and asked me the way to the public bath (named Manjab). He said so because one day a virtuous and beautiful woman came out of her house to have bath in a famous bath house named 'Manjab'. She forgot her way and was exhausted searching it. She saw this man standing near a door and asked him the way to it. He pointed towards his house and said that the same was the bathhouse named 'Manjab' As soon as the woman entered there in, the man locked the door and in tented to have illicit physical relation with her. The virtuous woman sensed that there was no escape from his lustful fold, and hence pretended to be interested in him. She said that she was a state of uncleanliness and was proceeding for a bath. She told the man to go and get some scent for her so that she may perfume and adorn herself for him, and also to get something to eat as she was exhausted. The man was deceived by her words and went to the market to buy things. As soon as he stepped outside, the woman thanked Allah for preserving her chastity and ran away. When the man returned, he understood his mistake and regretted. Now when his end neared, her remembered this indecent act and instead of reciting the 'Kalema' said the above words.
The Incident is to be reflected upon that when the person was about to die, the sin (even though he had not committed it, but had in tented) stopped him from reciting the 'Kalema'. Shaikh Kulaini quotes Imam Ja'far-as-Sadiq (A.S.) as saying that, "One who does not pay even one Qeerat of Zakat due on him (Qeerat is equal to 21 dinars), will die the death of a jew or a christian". The same tradition (hadees) is also said about the person who intentionally does not perform Haj even after being capable of doing so.
Incident - 3
Allamah Majlisi quotes in his `Tohfatuz Zaereen' from `Irshadul Quloob' and `Farhatul Uzza' that a virtuous man from Kufa relates that, "Once on a rainy night I was seated in the Masjid of Kufa when some people entered the Mosque from the door near the shrine of Muslim bin Aqeel carrying a bier with them. They kept the bier on a mound. One of the persons accompanying the funeral felt asleep. He dreamt that two persons came near the bier, and one said to the other that "I will settle his account fast before he is taken to Najaf, because then I will not be able to go near him". The person got up from his dream and narrated it to others who understood the whole situation (that the two men were Munkir and Nakeer who had to question the dead man), and lifted the bier and proceeded towards Najaf to save the dead man from chastisement and the questioning".
Allamah Behbahani says that once I saw Imam Husain (A.S.) in a dream and asked him, "O my Master! Will the one buried near your grave also be questioned"? Imam Husain (A.S.) replied, "Which one of the Angels have got the nerve to question him who is buried near my grave".
Incident - 4
It is written in 'Jillul Mateen' that Meer Mu'inuddin Ashraf who was one of the virtuous attendants of the shrine of Imam Ali-ar-Reza (A.S.) says that "Once I dreamt that I was in the shrine of Imam Reza (A.S.) and was coming out to perform ablution (wuzu). When I came near the mound of Ameer Ali Sher, I saw a group of people entering the shrine. An eminent personality was leading them, and they all carried spades in their hands. As soon as they entered the shrine, the eminent personality pointed towards a particular grave and said, "Dig out the wretched fellow from his grave". Hearing his command they started digging the grave. I asked one of those men as to who that man was. He replied that He was the Commander of the faithful Ali (A.S.). Suddenly I saw that Imam Ali-ar-Reza (A.S.) came out of His shrine and greeted Imam Ali (A.S.). Hazrat Ali (A.S.) answered His greeting. Imam Reza (A.S.) said,
"O my Respected Grandfather! I request you, and have faith, that you will forgive this person on my behalf who lies buried here under the shelter of my shrine". Amirul Mo'meneen (A.S.) answered, "O my dear son! Do you know that he was a mischief-creator, an adulterer, and a drunkard"? Imam (A.S.) replied, "I do know, but when his last moment neared he willed to be buried under the shelter of my shrine, so I request you to forgive him on my behalf." Hazrat Ali (A.S.) forgave him and left. I awoke from my sleep in awe and woke up the other attendants and related to them my dream. We all went to the place which I had seen in my dream, and found a newly constructed grave, whose mud was scattered. After inquiry we learnt that a turkish man who had died was buried there the day before".
Haji Ali Baghdadi had the honour of meeting Imam Mahdi (A.T.F.S.) and ask him some questions. One of the questions put forward by him was that "Is it true that a person who goes for the pilgrimage (Ziarat) to the shrine of Imam Husain (A.S.) on Friday night receives salvation"? Imam (A.S.) replied, "Yes, by Allah". Haji Ali Baghdadi says that I saw tears in the eyes of Imam (A.S.). Then I asked him another question, "In the year 1269 A.H. when we went for the pilgrimage (Ziarat) to the shrine of Imam Ali-ar-Reza (A.S.), we met a nomadic Arab who was a native of Najaf. We invited him for a meal and asked him his views regarding the reward of the love of Imam Reza (A.S.). He replied, "Paradise", and said, "Since the past fifteen days I have been from the wealth of Imam Reza (A.S.), do Munkir & Nakeer' have the nerve to come near me. The food which I consumed from the table of Imam Reza (A.S.) has turned into flesh and blood". I asked Imam Mahdi (A.T.F.S.) whether his claim was true. Imam (A.S.) replied, "Yes it is true. Imam Reza (A.S.) himself will come and save him from the questioning in the grave. For verily by Allah! My Grandfather is a Zamin (surety) Imam'.
Allamah Naraqi relates in 'Khazaen' : In the days of my youth in Isfahan, one day I accompanied my respected father and companions to a friend's place on the day of 'Nawroz' to meet him. The friend lived near a cemetery. To relieve ourselves of fatigue and also with the intention of getting reward., we stopped by the graveyard to recite 'fateha' for the departed mo'meneen. One of our friends who humorous turned towards a grave and said, "O occupant of the grave! will you accept us as your guests today on this day of Idd"? Back came the reply, "Sure, next week on Tuesday you all will be my guests". We were horrified and concluded that only some days of our lives were left. We started performing good deeds and rectifying the bad ones.
We also started writing our wills. The day of Tuesday dawned but none of us died. We met together went to the cemetery. One of us went forward and called to the grave, "O occupant of the grave! Please do as you had promised", and back came the reply, "Welcome" . Suddenly we realized that the curtains of the hidden were lifted off our eyes, and we saw a green and beautiful garden in which were flowing streams of cool and pleasant water. The gardens were laden with colourful fruits, and beautiful birds were praising Allah on the trees. We reached a mansion in the midst of the garden.When he saw us he got up to welcome. Different types of fruits and sweets were served, the likeness of which cannot be imagined nor described
We ate to our full, but were still not satiated, and wished to eat more. After finishing the meals we sat for sometime, then we got up to ask the person's permission to leave. He bade us farewell and came to leave us till the door. My father asked him as to who he was, and why did Allah bestow His blessings on him so that he had got the capacity to feed the whole mankind, and also asked him as to what the place was. The man replied that, "I am a native of your town, a butcher by profession, and the reason for these blessings to be bestowed on me are: (1) I never weighed less at the time of sale, and (2) I always recited the Prayers
(Namaz) on time all throughout my life. As soon as the voice of `Takbeer' reached my ears, I left my work and proceeded for Namaz in the Mosque. Hence I am offered this position here.
Last week when you requested me for a feast, I had not obtained permission for it, while this week I have got the permission and hence invited you". Then we individually asked him our ages and he answered. I asked him my age and he said that I would live for another fifteen years. Then he wished us farewell, and we reached the same place in the cemetery. (Ma'ad)
My respected teacher Allamah Husain Noori narrates in 'Darus Salaam', that Allamah Sayyed Ali b. Hasan al Husainee Isfahani told him that: When my father died in Isfahan, I was studying in the Theological School (Hawza) in Najaf. The pending works of my father which were to be fulfilled, were assigned to the care of my brothers, regarding which I was not aware. Seven months after my fathers death my mother too died. She was brought to Najaf and buried there. One day I dreamt that I was seated in a room. Suddenly my father entered therein. I got up as a sign of respect and saluted him. He sat with me and listened carefully to my conversation. I was aware that he had died, and so I asked him as to how did he reach there when he had died in Isfahan. He replied, "After people buried me, I was shifted here in Najaf, and now this has become the place of my dwelling".
Then I asked him whether my deceased mother was with him. He replied in the negative, which made me shiver. He then replied that she too was in Najaf, but at a different place. I then concluded that my father was a Scholar (Aalim), and that a Scholar's status was more than an ordinary man.
Then I asked him about himself and he said that, "Formerly I was in deep trouble and faced many difficulties. But praise be to Allah, the trouble is now eased, and I am in peace". I was surprised and asked him the reason for it. He replied, "I owed some amount to Haji Reza, the son of Aqa Baba, but I died and hence was punished because of it". I woke up from my dream and thought over. I then wrote a letter to my brother who looked after the property of my father.
I wrote to him the whole incident, and requested him to find in the records of the book of loans (of my father) if any amount was due to Haji Reza. After some days my brother wrote back that he had searched in the creditor's register, but could not find any outstanding amount due to Haji Reza, I wrote back to him to go personally to the said person and ask him. After some days my brother wrote back that he visited Haji Reza. He said that he owed 18 tumans to our father, but had no witness for it except Allah. He said that after the demise of our father, he had asked my brother if his name was written in the creditor's register but he said no.
He thought to himself that if he claimed the amount he had no witness for it. He relied on our father that he would surely have written it in his register, but when his name was not found he thought that he must have to record it. When my brother tried to repay him the amount, he refused to accept the money and said that he had forgiven our father, and freed him from the loan which he had owed him.
Incident - 7
Allamah Husain Noori relates in `Darus Salaam' from Haj Mulla Abul Hasan Mazandarani who says that: I had a friend named Mulla Ja'far b. Mohammad Husain Tabrisani who lived in a town named `Teelak' e . Once there broke out an extreme epidemic, and many people died because of it. People had appointed Mulla Ja'far as their trustee to distribute their loans if they died. But it so happened that after some time Mulla Ja'far himself fell prey to the epidemic, and the money was left undistributed. When I went to Karbala for the Pilgrimage (Ziarat) to the Shrine of Imam Husain (A.S.), one night I saw in a dream a man in whose neck was bound chains, from which fire was spurting out, and two men had held him. The `tongue of the imprisoned man was hanging out from his mouth and lying on his chest. When he saw me, he came near and I recognized him to be my deceased friend Mulla Ja'far. I was shocked and asked him the reason for this punishment. When he tried to answer me, the two men pulled the chain and dragged him behind. This happened thrice, and I woke up from my sleep with a loud cry. Hearing my screams, my fellow-student Aalim who was sleeping besides me also got up. I narrated to him the whole dream. Coincidentally it was the time of opening the gates of the Shrine of Imam Husain (A.S.). I told my companion that it would be better if we went to the Shrine of Imam Husain (A.S.) and offer salutations, and ask for Mulla Ja'far's forgiveness. It is possible that Allah may forgive him. We went and prayed for him. Now twenty years passed but I received no further news about him. I presumed that the punishment was being meted out to him because he did not make haste in passing on the loans of the deceased people to their creditors. By the grace of Allah, I got the opportunity to go for the Pilgrimage (Haj), and then I went to Madina. Suddenly I fell ill, and my state worsened to the extend that I could not even walk. I requested my companions to bathe and clothe me, and carry me on their shoulders to the Shrine of the Holy Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.S.).
They thought that it was my last wish and carried me to the Shrine. When I entered therein, I became unconscious. My companions left me to their respective chores. When I regained consciousness they took me near the tomb and lay me there. I recited the `Ziarat' (Salutations). Then they carried me behind the Shrine to the house of Hazrat Fatema (A.S.). When I was laid there, I requested Her to give me cure, and I also said, "O' Sayyedah! We have heard that you hold Your son Husain (A.S.) Very dear, and I am one of the care-takers of His Shrine, hence for His sake please request Allah Almighty to grant me health". Then I turned towards the grave of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) and asked wishes from him. Then I asked Him to forgive all my deceased friends taking each name till I reached the name of Mulla Ja'far. Suddenly I remembered the dream and started weeping.
I requested Allah to forgive him, because twenty years back I had seen him in a dream in a terrible state. With sincerity and solemnity I prayed for his forgiveness. Suddenly I felt my weakness to be eased. I got up, and without taking the help of others reached my place. Hazrat Fatema (A.S.) answered my Prayers and I was totally cured. We left Madina and went to the mountain of Ohad. We recited Ziarat of the Martyres of Ohad. There after twenty years I again saw my friend Mulla Ja'far in a dream. He was wearing a beautiful white dress, a turban was wound on his head, and he held a staff' in his hand. He came towards me, saluted and said, "Verily a friend has to do the same as you have done for me. Previously I was in great trouble until you prayed for me. Allah relieved me from the punishment just before you came out of the Shrine. The Angels then bathed me in clean water.
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) gifted me this dress, and Hazrat Fatema (A.S.) presented me with this cloak. I am now in peace, and have come to offer you thanks for what you have done. I also give you the good news that you have been cured of your illness, and will soon return to your family who are fine". I awoke from my sleep and offered thanks to Allah.
It is written in `Darus Salaam' that Shaikh Haj Mulla Ali relates from his father Haj Mirza Khaleel Maiharani, who says that:
I was in Karbala, while my mother lived in Tehran. One night my mother came to me in a dream and said, "O' my son! I have died, and am being brought to you for burial in Karbala, and my nose has been broken". I awoke frightfully. After some days I received a letter from my brother stating the news of the demise of my mother. It was also written in it that her corpse was being sent to me at Karbala to be buried there.
The people from the caravan who brought the corpse told me that the bier was kept in a guest house.
I accepted the reality of the dream, but was confused regarding the statement my mother made that "my nose has been broken". I lifted the sheet from her face and saw that her nose was broken. I asked the people of the caravan regarding it.
They replied that when they brought my mother's corpse here, they kept it in a guest-house along with other corpses. Suddenly there ensued a quarrel amongst themselves, and in the collision the corpse fell down. May be that would have been the reason for it. I was grieved and took her corpse to the Shrine of Hazrat Abbas (A.S.) and placed it near the grave, and said, "0 Abul Fazl! My mother was not serious about Prayers (Namaz) and Fasting (Roza), and sometimes neglected it. Now she lies here near you, so please ward off her difficulty' my Master! I take responsibility to offer fifty years of the elapsed (Qaza) Namaz and Roza on her behalf".
Then I buried her but later forgot to fulfill as promised. After some days I dreamt that some people had gathered in front of my house I came out and saw that my mother was bound to a tree, and was being lashed severely. I screamed and asked them the reason for this punishment.
They replied that they had been commanded by Hazrat Abbas (A.S.) to punish her until so and so amount is not paid on her behalf'. I entered my house and brought the money and gave it to them.
Then I untied my mother, and took her inside my house. I got up from my dream and calculated the sum, and found it to be equal to the amount for the performance of fifty years of elapsed Namaz and Roza. I took the money and went to the great Aalim of our time Sayyed Ali, and requested him to do the necessary arrangement to offer the elapsed Namaz and Roza of fifly years on behalf of my mother. Ther author of the book Mirza Husain Noori says, that the above incident is stated here to demonstrate the severity of the punishment due to laziness in worship, and sanctity of the places of Pilgrimage (Ziyarat).
Incident - 9
Haj Shaikh Mulla Ali quotes from his father Haj Mirza Khaleel Malharani who says that: In Tehran there lived a person named Ali Talib who work's in a bath-house. He did not offer Prayers (Namaz) nor fasted (Siyam). One day he went to a mason and told him to construct a bath-house for him, and agreed to offer the payment.
The mason asked him as to where he got such a huge sum, to which he replied that it was none of his business. The mason did as ordered, and the bath-house was built which became famous by his name. Mulla Khaleel further says that:
Once when I was in Najaf, I dreamt that Ali Talib was in 'Wadi-us-Salaam' in Najaf. I was surprised and asked him as to how could a person like him who did never ever offered Prayers nor Fasted be in 'Wadi-us-Salaam' in peace. Ali Talib replied that "When l died, I was bound in chains and shackles, and was being taken to be punished, when I received news that Haj Mulla Mohammad Kirmanshahi, one of the great Ulamas of Tehran, had favoured me by appointing so and so person to perform the Pilgrimage (Haj) on my behalf, so and so person do perform my elapsed Prayers
(Namaz) and Fasts (Siyam), and so and so person to pay the (Zakat) and atonement of rights (Radde Mazalim) on my behalf. He left no due pending on me, and thus I was freed of the punishment. May Allah have mercy on him". Mulla Khaleel Maiharani says: I awoke from my sleep and was astonished. After some days a group of people came to visit Najaf from Tehran. I asked them about Ali Talib.
They said that he had died, and Mulla Mohammad Kirmanshahi had appointed so and so persons to pray, fast, perform Haj, and give Zakat and Radde Mazalim on his behalf. The names of all the persons mentioned by them were the same as told to me in the dream by Ali Talib. This incident is in accordance to the tradition which says that whatever good-deeds are performed on behalf of the dead person, surely benefits him. It is possible that sometimes a dead person faces troubles and difficulties, but such good deeds performed by others on his behalf, relieves him. It is also demonstrated through the above incident that any believer (mo'min) who dies in the east or in the west, his spirit (rooh) is taken to 'Wadi-us-Salaam'. It is also narrated by Ma'soom (A. S.) that it is as if I see the group of dead people conversing with one another.
Incident - 10
Shaikh Sa'eed Qummi narrates in "Arba'eenat" from a trustworthy authority, who told him that Shaikh Baha'uddin Ameli once went to visit a wise man who lived near a cemetery in Isfahan. The wise man told Shaikh Baha'i: Some days back I witnessed an astonishing incident, which I would like to tell you. Some persons came here with a dead body, buried it and went away. Suddenly I smelt a fragrance the likeness of which I had never smelt before. I turned towards the left and right to see where it came from. I saw a handsome young man wearing splendid clothes going towards the newly made grave.
He went and sat near the grave. I was all the more surprised when I saw the young man disappear into the grave. After sometime I smelt a bad odour the likeness of which too I had never smelt before. I saw an ugly dog going towards the grave and disappear in it. My astonishment knew no bounds. I was wondering about what actually was happening, when I saw the young man coming out of the grave in a bad state. His whole body was bruised.
He started running away from the grave and I followed him. I stopped him and asked him the reason for running fearfully. The young man replied, "I am the dead man's good deeds, and was commanded to accompany him in his grave. Suddenly the dead man's evil deeds came in the form of a dog. I tried to keep him away from the dead man, but it bit me and wounded me all over.
He made a bad state of me and I could no longer remain in the grave. Hence I have come out leaving the dead man to the mercy of his evil deeds".
(The dead man's evil deeds were more stronger than his good ones). When Shaikh Baha'i heard this incident, he told the wise man, Verily the incident is true, because it is narrated that the deeds (good or bad) which a person performs in his life-time, are given a physical form".
Shaikh Sadooq in his book `Amali' narrates that once Qays bin Asim Minqari came to the presence of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) accompanied by some people of Bani Tameem. He requested the Prophet to advice him. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) replied, "0 Qays! When you die, a companion will also be buried along-with you, who will be alive while you will be dead.
If the companion would be blessed, you will get peace, and if he would be accursed, you will fall in anguish. Compel your companion to become good, because if you will be good, you will love him and respect him. While if you will be bad, you will hate him and neglect him. Verily this companion are your good deeds". Qays said, "O Prophet of Allah! I wish that this advise be framed in a beautiful couplet, so that it could become the reason for our honour".
The Prophet (S.A.W.S.) sent someone to fetch Hisan bin Sabit, a poet. At that moment Salsal bin Walahmas was present there, and he compiled a couplet.
Shaikh Sadooq relates from Imam Ja'far as-Sadiq (A.S.) who says that the Holy prophet (S.A.W.S.) said, "Once prophet Isa (A.S.) was passing from near a grave which was engulfed in the wrath of Allah. After one year when he again passed from near that same grave, he saw that the punishment had been lifted off.
He asked Allah the reason for such a change. Allah revealed to him: O Isa! The dead man has left behind him a virtuous son, who when he reached adolescence, rectified the mistakes done by his father.
He helped the orphans and sheltered them, Hence I have forgiven him because of his son's good deeds".
Once Malik ibne Ashtar was passing through a market of Kufah wearing a cloak and a turban of hand weaved cloth. A man who had not recognized him, looked at him with contempt, and ridiculing him flung a sword. When people saw this they came to the man and said, "Do you know who the person was whom you insulted thus"? He replied in the negative. To Commander of the faithful Ali (A.S.). Hearing this the person started trembling with fear and ran after Malik to ask his pardon. Malik at that moment was busy in prayers in the mosque. When he finished his prayers, the person fell on his feet and started kissing them. Malik asked him the reason for it, to which he replied that he was ashamed of his rude behaviour and bad attitude. Malik replied "Do not worry, for by Allah, before even entering this mosque I prayed to Allah for your forgiveness". Malik ibne Ashtar had learnt the lesson of good character from Imam Ali (A.S.) Himself, and hence even after being the commander in chief of the army of Imam Ali (A.S.), and one of His brave and valiant fighters, he did not retaliate, but instead forgave the man.
Regarding the bravery and valour of Malik, Ibne Abli Hadeed Mu'tazili says that- if anyone in the Arabs or the non-Arabs swears that Malik was the second in bravery and chivalry after Imam Ali (A.S.), and none equalled him, I shall bear witness to it. What else can 1 say regarding this fabulous personality, except that his life destroyed the Syrians and his death the Iraqis (meaning when alive he slayed the enemies of Ali (A.S.), and when he died the friends of Ali (A.S.) suffered a great loss)". Regarding him Imam Ali (A.S.) said, "Malik holds the same status near me, as I held near the Holy prophet (S.A.W.S.)" meaning he was a source of my as I held near the Holy prophet.Then He turned towards His companions and said, "I wish one or two persons from amongst you could be like Malik". In short Malik's bravery, chivalry, virtue and good character earned him a very dignified position. when the person insulted him he was hot the least effected, nor did he become angry or retaliate, but went to the mosque and prayed for the his forgiveness. We conclude from the above incident, that Malik had control over the passions of his self, and that this strength is more worthy of praise than the physical strength. Imam Ali (A.S.) has said, "The bravest man is the one who controls the passions of his self".
Allamah Husain Noori in the latter part of book Mustadrakul Wasail quotes an incident of the celebrated Scholar khwaja Nasiruddin Toosi. One day khwaja Naseer received a letter which contained abuses for him and filthy language. One of the sentences was : "The dog (referred to khwaj a Naseer ) and the son of a dog". When he read it he became serious, and sat down to answer it. He used neither a bad word nor filthy language and wrote: "You have addressed me as a dog, but it is not at all true. For a dog walks on his four legs and its paw has large nails, whereas Iam a human who talks and laughs, and laughs, and my qualities are averse to that of a dog". After finishing he declared openly that the writer of the letter was his friend from that day onwards and that he bore no animosity towards him.
The presence of such a good character in the personality of khwaja Naseeruddin Toosi is not strange. Allamah Hilli says regarding him that, "khwaja Naseeruddin Toosi was the greatest Scholar (Aalim) of his age. He has authored many books on Reason a Authority (Uloome Aqaliyah wa Naqaliyah), wisdom a knowledge, principals of Islam the true Religion. He was also the best in character among Ulamas
Khwaja Naseer had learnt the lesson of good character from the illustrious lives of our Holy Aimmah (A.S.). As has been narrated, that once Imam Ali (A.S.) heard a person abusing Qambar, tried to retaliate in the same manner when Ali (A.S.) stooped him and said, "O' Qambar remain silent, for verily the person will suffer because of our silence. Gain Allah a happiness by your silence and let the person fall prey to the mischief of Shaitaan. I swear by the Lord who split open the seed to grow plant from it, and who created human beings, that no other quality of a believer is more dear and who pleasing to Allah than controlling one's temper, and no other quality of a believer is disagreeable to shitaan than it. For verily silence all friends and foes alike praised khwaja Naseer. Jurji Zaidan in the translation of Uadabul Lughattul Arabiyah writes that, "Khwaja Naseeruddin Toosi's libray contained four lac books, and he was a master in the field of Astrology and philosophy. He had under his care many endowment (waqf) properties of the Mongols, in short he was a tower of light in the darkness of this world".
I have discussed about the life of this great personality in my book ufawaede Razawiyah that his family was related to the uwasharah family of the kings of Jahrood, situated at distance of 10 Farsakh from Qum. Khwaja Naseeruddin Toosi was born in Toos on 11 Jamadi ul Ula 597 A.H./ 1201 A.D. and died on Sunday 18 zilhaj 672 A.H. /1274 A.D. in Kazmayn. It is engraved on his grave: "while their dog (lay) out stretching it's paws at the entrance".(Surah-al kahf: 18).
It is narrated that one day the great Scholar shaikh Ja'far kashifal Ghita was distributing Some money among the poor before going to recite the Namaz .After finishing distributing, he became engrossed in prayers. "Give me the wealth of my Grandfather (referred to the Holy prophet and Aimmah)". Shaikh Ja'far replied that he had exhausted all the money and had nothing left to give him .To which the Sayyed became enraged and spitted on the face of Shaikh Ja'far. The Shaikh got up, and of the worshippers saying, Those amongst you who hold my beard dear. please help this Sayyed". It is to be pondered upon what a great character shaikh Ja'far had. It is he who has authored Kashful Ghita the famous book on Jurisprudence (Fiqh) while in journey. He himself used to say that. "It all the books on Jurisprudence (Fiqh) are compiled, I with my memory can write down all the points from the chapter of purification (Taharah) till the chapter on compensation (for murder, Diya)". There were many Ulamas from amongst his children Allamah Noori says regarding him that, if one looks at the morning supplications of Shaikh Ja'far, his virtues, piety and worship, will understand his high honour. He addressed himself thus: previously you were a Ja eefar (small river), then later became Ja'far (a vast sea). Shaikh Ja'far became a ship (to guide) and an ocean (of knowledge), and the master of Iraq and it's muslim inhabitants. His address to himself is because he says that even after having bestowed with such a high rank, he never forgot the days of his hardships. He is among from the battle of Jamal, Imam Ali (A.S.) said to Ahnaf bin Qays. After returning from the battle of Jamal, Imam Ali (A.S.) started praising his companions and told Ahnaf bin Qays, "If you look at them at that time of the night when eyes become heavy with sleep and voices fade away, when the birds are resting in their nests, these people remain awake due to the fear of Resurrection and the promised event (Qayamat). As Allah says in the Qur an: Do the people of that town think that they are fast asleep. Sometimes they get up in the dark of the night and weep and recite Namaz, and sometimes praise and glorify Allah in the niche of the mosque. During the dark night they lament and wail and supplicate to the Almighty Allah. O' Ahnaf when you look at them during the night, you will see that their backs have dent (due to excessive bowing, Ruku), and they will be reciting the chapters of the Qur'an in their prayers (Namaz). And will be weeping and wailing as if they have been surrounded by the fire from all sides, which has reached their throats. And when you hear them cry, you will think that their necks are bound in chains. And if you look at them during the day, you will find them men who walk slowly and humbly upon the earth, having a courteous speech. And when they are confronted with ignorant people they salute them, and when they pass by vain and useless things, they pass away with honour.
They keep their feet away from slander, and their tongues become speechless, so they do not speak against the honour of other people. And they keep their ears away from listening to vain sounds, and have applied in their eyes the collirium of refraining to see forbidden things. And surely they wish to enter the City of peace (Darus Salaam), the place where one remains free from doubts and anxieties
It is appropriate to quote here a saying of a monk. It is related from Oasam zahid, that one day I saw a monk in a sorry state at the gate of Baitul muqaddas in Jerusalem. I went towards him and told him to advice me, to which he said, animals. He is timid and dejected, and is afraid that if he moves an inch, the beasts would devour him. And be like a man whose night passes in fear (of his Almighty) whereas the liars sleep in peace, and whose days are so while the powerful sit contented". Then the monk turned his back away from me and started going away. I told him to advice me further, to which he replied that , A thirsty man is contented even with a small quantity of water".
It is related that one day the great Scholar (Aalim) Sahib ibne Abbad asked for a drink (sherbet). A servant brought it for him. As he was about to drink, one of those present there told him not to drink it for it contained poison. The servant who had brought the drink was also present there. Sahib asked the informer as to what proof he had servant to consume, and thus the matter would be clear. Sahib replied, "Then give it to an animal to drink". Sahib replied. "I do not even deem it to be lawful". Saying this Sahib ordered the drink to be thrown away and told the servant to go away from his house. and not enter his house again. But he ordered that he should not be banished from the town, nor should people sever relations with him or despise him, because one should not rely on doubts, nor should punish a person by stopping his sustenance.
Sahib ibne Abbad was one of the viziers of the Buwaid kings he helped the common man and was a marja . He was honoured by the people and they held him in high esteem. He was also a poet and an unequalled scholar of Arabic. It is said regarding him, that when he sat down to write his orthographics (amla), people gathered around him to heat at least six persons would be appointed to read out his orthographics to the people.
He had with him so many books on grammar that sixty camels could be loaded with them. He gave due respect to the Scholars (Ulama), Jurists (Fuqaha), Alids (Alawis) and Sadats, and encouraged them to write and compile books. Shaikh Hasan bin Mohammad Qummi wrote Tareekhe Oum. Shaikh Sadooq Uyoonul Akhbarur Reza, and Sa'labi compiled Yateematud Dahr for his sake. Many Scholars, Jurists, Sadats and poets owe it to him. Every year he sent five thousand Ashrafis to the Jurists (Fuqaha) of Baghdad. Whoever went to visit him after Namaze Asr in the month of Ramazan, he did not allow the person to go away without breaking the fast (Iftaar). At least a thousand people did Iftaar daily in his house during the month of Ramazan. He gave the same quantity of alms (sadaqah) in this one month, as he gave in the whole year. He has also written many couplets (Ash'ar) in the praise of Imam Ali (A.S.) and vilifying His enemies. He died on 24 Safar 358 A.H. in Ray, and is buried in Isfahan. His grave still lies there.
This incident is quoted in one of the writing of Shaikh Shaheed, Ahmed bin Abil Hawaree says that I had a wish to see in my teacher Abu Salman Duraani (vis. Abdul Rehman bin Aytiyyah, a virtuous person who died in Dariyah in Damascus in 235 A.H. and his grave is renowned there). After a year I saw him in my dream and asked him, "O dear teacher, how was your treatment (after death)"? Abu Salman replied, "O Ahmed one day while coming from Babe Sagheer I saw a camel laden with hay. I casually removed a straw from it. Now I do not remember whether I put in my mouth or threw it away without chewing it. One year has passed and I am still being accounted for it".
This narration is not an imaginary work, but can be supported by the following verse (Ayah) of the Qur'an: "O my son surely if it is the very weight of the grain of a mustard seed, even though it is in (the heart of) a rock, or (high above) in the heavens, or (deep down) in the earth, Allah will bring it (to light)" (Surah-al-Luqman : l6)
Amirul Mo' meneen Ali (A.S.) in one of his sermons says, "Will not the souls be accounted for their good or bad deeds on the day of Qayamat, even if it be of the weight of a mustard seed".
Hazrat Ali (A.S.) sent Mohammad ibn Abu Bakr with a pronouncement, "O servants of Allah You should know that on the day of Qayamat Allah will certainly question you about your actions, big or small, open or concealed".
Hazrat Ali (A.S.) wrote to Abdullah ibne Abbas. "Are you not afraid of the Umanaqesha' of accounting"? In reality Umanaqesha' means a thorn pierced in the body. As
a person faces great difficulty in removing a (minute) thorn, in the same manner on the day of Qayamat people will have to bear hardships. Some researchers say that on the day of Qayamat one will be safe from the fear of the weighing scale (Mizan), except the one who in his lifetime started taking account of all his good and bad deeds. The Holy prophet (S.A.W.S.) says that, "O people take account of your selves before your account is taken (in Qayamat), and weight your actions before they are weighed in Qayamat".
It is said about Tawbah bin Samah that he daily took account of himself. One day he calculated his age and concluded that sixty years of his life had passed. Then he counted the days in sixty years and that came to twenty one thousand six hundred. He was shocked and said to himself, "Woe be to me. Will I face Lord having committed twenty one thousand six hundred sins". After having uttered these words he fell down unconscious and passed away (in grief).
It is also narrated that once the Holy prophet (S.A.W.S.) was sitting on the barren ground with no grass on it. He ordered his companions to gather fuel to lit a fire. They replied that they were in a place where there was impossibility to find dry grass for fuel. The prophet (S.A.W.S.) told them to gather whatever they could. Each one of them collected a small quantity and slowly it became plenty . The prophet (S.A.W.S.) looked at the heap of grass and said, "In the same manner sins of people will be collected on the day of Qayamat".
The prophet (S.A.W.S.) wanted to tell his companions that as the dry grass cannot be seen in that barren land, but when searched for can turn out to be a heap. In the same manner the small small sins which a person commits cannot be seen, but on the day of Qayamat when all sins will be gathered they will amount to a large stock. Thus Tawbah bin Samah calculated one sin (the least) committed in one day which amounted to twenty one thousand six hundred sins in sixty years.
Allamah Bahauddin Sayyed Ali bin Abdul karim Neeli Najafi (whatever praise of his is done will be quite less, who was the student of Shaikh Shaheed), in his book Anwarul Maziyyah (written in praise of Imam Ali) narrates an incident from his father who says that : In Neela (a village in Abaee) there lived a person who was the superintendent of the Mosque. One day he did not come out of his house, when people called him he excused himself. People inquired about it and they found out that his entire body was charred except his thighs, and he was groaning with pain and sorrow. When people asked him how he burnt himself he replied that, “I dreamt that Qayamat has dawned, and people are in anguish because majority of them are been thrown into hell, while a small minority was going towards paradise. I was among those who were going towards paradise. Suddenly I reached a large and lengthy bridge which was referred to as Poole Serat.’ I started walking on it, and as much as I walked its breadth became narrow and it's length increased until I reached a place where it turned sharper than a sword. Beneath was a large valley full of black and roaring fire whose flames were spurting out like large mountain peaks. Some people walked away easily while some slipped and fell down. And I was so much scared that I had no other wish except to cross the bridge rapidly. Suddenly I reached that place where I could no longer control myself and I fell head- long into the pit of the blazing fire. it's pit had no end and the fire pulled me down. I could not even scream and my mind went blank, and I reached down equal to the distance of seventy years. Suddenly I was inspired and I called out "O Ali ibne Abi Talib! O Amiral Mo'meneen! help me my Lord". At that moment I saw a person standing on the edge of the valley. I recognized him to be no other than my Master Ali (A.S.). I called out to Him and He commanded me to extend my hand. I did so and He pulled me out of the blazing fire. Then He (A.S.) started extinguishing the fire from my thighs with His blessed hands. I suddenly woke up from my dream and found that my whole body was burnt, except my thighs where my Master had laid His hands". This person treated his wounds for three months and was cured.
Now whenever I relate this incident to anyone, he develops fever (due to fear), while only some remain un effected.
Incident - 18
Shaikh Kulaini narrates on the authority of Imam Ali Zainul Aabedeen (A.S.) that a person along with his wife and children was travelling in a boat when suddenly it sank. Everyone else was drowned except the man's wife, who fell on a log and was pushed away by the waves to the shores of a barren island. On that island there lived an evil thief who had left no sin uncommitted. When he saw that woman he asked her whether she was a human or a Jen ii. She replied that she was very much a human, and that her boat had wrecked. The man did not say anything but proceeded towards, and embraced her with the intention of cohabiting. He fell the woman to be trembling and in a troubled mood. He asked her the reason for her fright. She pointed towards the sky and say, "I fear Allah". The evil man said, "Have you ever done this act"? She replied, "By Allah! I have never committed adultery".
The evil man said, "When you have never committed an indecent act, why do you fear ? Secondly it is I who am forcing you for adultery without your consent. Then too you fear Allah. In fact it is I who should fear Him more, for all through my life I have sinned". Saying this the evil man stepped back and returned home without uttering a word. He thought about the sins he had committed all through his life and felt ashamed, he left his home on way to repentance. On the way he met a hermit and they both became friends. The hermit told the man, "It has become too hot, please pray to Allah to send a cloud to shelter us from the heat of the blazing sun". The man replied, "All through my life I have never committed a good act, and hence I do not have the courage to ask from the Almighty". The hermit replied, "If this is so, I shall pray and you say Ameen". They did so, and a cloud appeared and gave shelter on their heads, until they reached a place where they had to part because their ways were different. They both bade farewell to one another, the hermit his way and the man his way. To the astonishment of the hermit, the cloud which was sheltering them went along with the man. Seeing this, the hermit went to the man and said, "Verily you are better than me, for your wish was granted while mine was refused. Please tell me as to which good act you have committed whose effect is such"? The man related the whole incident about the woman to the hermit. The hermit heard it and said, "Your fear of Allah made you give up that particular sin and repent sincerely upon all past ones, hence Allah forgave all your sins. Now in future avoid sinning, and always remain stead fast on the right path and never go astray.
Shaikh Sadooq relates, that one day Ma'az bin Jabal came weeping to the presence of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) asked him the reason for weeping. Ma'az replied, "O Prophet ! A youth is standing at your door and weeping as a mother weeps at the dead body of her young son. His state is pitiable, and he desires to meet you". The Prophet (S.A.W.S.) called him in. The youth came in and saluted the Prophet. The Prophet (S.A.W.S.) answered his salutation and asked him the reason for weeping so bitterly. The youth replied, "O Prophet of Allah! Why should I not cry, for I have committed a grave sin. I fear that if Allah takes into account that sin of mine, and no doubt He shall do so, He shall throw me head-long into the fire of hell". The Prophet replied, "Have you committed `shirk'(associated anyone with Allah)"? He said, "I seek refuge in Allah from being a polytheist (mushrik)". The Prophet asked, "Then have you killed anyone without any reason"? He replied in the negative. The Prophet then said, "Even if your sin is bigger than the mountains, Allah shall forgive you". He replied, "Verily my sin is bigger than that". The Prophet said, "Then if your sin is bigger than the seven worlds, the seas, the trees and whatever is in them, then too Allah is merciful, He shall forgive you. He replied that his sin was even greater than that. The heavens, the Throne (Arsh). and the Chair (Kursi), then too the Beneficent Allah will forgive you". The man still persisted. Then the Prophet turned towards him in anger and said, "O young man! Is your sin bigger than the Almighty". The youth replied, "Verily my Lord is free from all shortcomings, nothing is greater or bigger than Him, and He is above all things". The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) then said, "Who else besides the Almighty has got the power to forgive big sins. The young man replied, "Truly O Master, no one except Him has the power". The Prophet said. "Now then young man, tell me as to what sin have you committed for whose forgiveness you have lost all hope of mercy". `The young man replied, "O Apostle of Allah! Since the past seven years I have been digging the graves of people and robbing their shrouds. One day a young girl from among the Ansars (the Helpers, the people of Medina who had given refuge to the Prophet) died and was buried. As usual I went to the graveyard with the intention of robbing the shroud. 1 saw a newly formed grave and dug it, then I removed the shroud from her dead body, and leaving her naked started going away. When suddenly I looked at her, shaitaan tempted me and the girl seemed beautiful in my eyes. By now shaitaan and over powered me and I turned towards the girl and had intercourse with her. Then I left her in that state and started leaving, when I heard a voice from behind me saying: "O young man! May Allah curse you! On the day of Qayamat when our case will be brought before Almighty Allah, and it will become apparent that you removed me from my grave, robbed me of my shroud, left me in a state of pollution among the dead, and I will rise in this impure state on that day. May your youth burn in the fire hell". The youth continued, "After having committing this sin, I am sure that I will not be able to even smell the fragrance of Paradise". The Prophet replied, "O fornicator! Go away from me, I fear lest the fire of hell would burn me along with you, for you have gone quite near to it".
(It should be noted here that this attitude of the Holy Prophet towards the young man was so as to put fear (of Allah and the hereafter) in his heart, so that he my feel ashamed and repent sincerely for this indecent act, as will be seen later).
When the young man heard these words from the mouth of the Prophet (S.A.W.S.), he left His presence. He went to the market place and bought food for some, days and went to one of the mountains of Madina to repent. He wore a dress of sack-cloth and started worshipping Almighty. He put his hands behind his neck and said, "O Lord! This slave Bahlool of Your's is standing in front of You with his hands tied. O Allah! You know me well and also my sin. Verily I regret over it and even went to Your Prophet to confess my guilt. He turned me away from Him thereby increasing my fear (of Your wrath). I now ask You in the name of Thy Magnificence, Thy Glory, and Thy Best Names, do not forsake me and leave me in despair.O Allah! Do not reject my Prayers, and do not turn away Your blessings from me".
Forty days passed in this state of repentance. He wept such bitterly that even the animals and beasts lamented over his pitiable condition. When forty days passed away, he lifted his hands towards the sky and said, "O my Lord! Have you heard my words? And if You have forgiven me, reveal to Your Prophet to give me the glad tidings. And O Lord! If You have still not forgiven me, send Your wrath on me, a fire which would burn me in this very world. But save me from Your chastisement on the day of Qayamat"`. Almighty Allah forgave him and accepted his (sincere) repentance. It was revealed to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.): And those who when they commit an indecency or do injustice to their souls, remember Allah and forgiveness for their faults, and who forgives the faults but Allah, and (who) do not knowingly persist in what they have done.
(As for) these, their reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens beneath which rivers flow, to abide in them, and excellent is the reward of the labourers. (Surah-al-Aale Imraan: 134, 135)
When this verse was revealed, the Prophet came out reciting it and incurred about Bahlool. Ma'az replied, "O Prophet of Allah! We have heard that he is at so and so mountain repenting". The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) accompanied by some of His close companions left for the place. He saw Bahlool standing between two stones with his hands tied on his neck. His face had turned dark because of the heat of the blazing sun, and his eyelashes had fallen because of intense weeping. He was saying "O Lord You have created us humans the best creatures (Ashraful Makhlooqat), and given me a good disposition and face. I wish I knew what would happen to me (in Qayamat). When You will forgive me and permit me to enter Your paradise, or forsake me and throw me into the blazing fire. O Allah! Surely You have favoured me, and Your rights are more than me. My sin is greater than the earth, the heavens, the Throne (Arsh), and the Chair (kursee). I wish I knew whether you will forgive me or disgrace me on the day of Qayamat". The young man was uttering these words and weeping and throwing dust on his head. Animals and beasts had surrounded him, and the birds had formed a circle around his head, and were weeping at his pathetic state. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) went towards him and untied his hands. He cleaned the dust from his hair and said, "Bahlool! I give you glad news that Allah has forgiven you and promises to save you from the fire of hell". Then He (S.A.W.S.) turned towards His companions and said. "O my companions! You too seek forgiveness from Allah just like Bahlool". Then He recited the above verse and gave the good news to Bahlool.
Allamah Majlisi in his `Aynul Hayaat' after quoting this narration, says that repentance has come terms and conditions which need to be fulfilled.
It is related from Ibne Babawayh that one day the Holy Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W.S.) was sitting in the shade of a tree due to intense heat. Suddenly a man came and removed his clothes and lied down on the earth. He rubbed his stomach and forehead on the ground arid said to himself "O my soul beware! Allah's wrath is more severe than this heat" When the Holy Prophet looked towards him, he wore his clothes. The Prophet called him and asked., O Slave of Allah! I have never seen anyone doing this before, tell me what has made you do it"? He replied, "O Prophet! Fear of Allah is the sole reason. I was burring myself with this heat so that my self (nafs) could understand that Allah's wrath (in hell) is more severe than this ordinary heat which I cannot bear". The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) replied, "You have been fearing Allah as is the right to fear Him. And Allah has been glorifying and praising this deed of your's in the ranks of His Angels". Then the Prophet turned towards His companions and said, "`Go to this man so that he may pray for you". When they went to him, he lifted his hands and prayed, "O Allah! Guide us and escort us to the Right Path, and make piety our provision for the journey (of the hereafter) and make us enter Paradise".
It is related from Imam Mohammad-al-Baqir (A.S.) that in Bani Israel there was a prostitute who had seduced and tempted many youth. There lived a virtuous person among them. One day some youth plotted, that if that virtuous man had a glimpse of that woman, he too would be tempted to commit sin. When they revealed their intention to the woman she said, "I swear that until I do not seduce this man I will not go home". During the night she went and knocked at the door of the virtuous man. She requested him to give her shelter for one night. When the man refused to permit her in, she said that some men of Bani Israel were trying to commit indecency with her and she had come to take his refuge, She also said that if he did not open the door, those men would disgrace her. When the virtuous man heard this he opened the door. As soon as the woman entered his house, she threw away her clothes. When the virtuous man saw her beauty he was tempted and forwarded his hand towards her. Suddenly fear of Allah overcame him and he held back his hand. Instead he put it in a pot which was boiling on the stove nearby. The woman was surprised and asked him as to what was he doing. To which he replied that he was punishing himself by burning his hand for the sin. The woman was scared and ran out and told the people that the virtuous man was burning his hand. When the people came in they saw that his entire hand had burnt.
Imam Ja'far-as-Sadiq (A.S.) narrates, that one day after finishing the morning Prayers, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) suddenly looked at Haresa bin Malik whose head was falling down (he was dozing because of remaining awake at night) and his face had turned pale. His body had become thin and his eyes had gone in. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) asked him, "How did you arise this morning? And what is your state"? Haresa replied, "O Prophet of Allah I arose with belief. The Prophet said, Every argument has a proof, what is the proof of your belief? He replied, O prophet ! that very thing is my proof which keeps me unhappy and shameful, which keeps me awake all night and fast throughout the day, and makes me hate the things of this world. And my belief in Allah has reached a state. that I see before my eyes the place of accounting on the day of Qayamat. All the people are in front of me, and I see the dwellers of paradise sitting on their pleasantly with one another. On the other hand. I also see the dwellers of hell being engulfed by Allah"s wrath and wailing. As if the terrible sound of the blazing fire is echoing in my ears". The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.S.) turned towards His companions and said, "Look as to how Allah has enlightened his soul with the light of faith". Then He turned towards Haresa and said, "O Haresa ! Always remain like that". Haresa replied, "O Prophet ! pray to Allah to present me with Martyrdom". The Prophet fulfilled his request and prayed for him. After some days the Prophet sent him along with Ja'fare Tayyar (the brother of Ali) for Jehad, where he attained martyrdom along with nine other people.
By: Shaykh Abbas Qummi