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The Great Iranian Dignitaries Buried in the Holy Shrine of Imam Reza (A.S)

The great Iranian dignitaries buried in the Holy Shrine are classified into three groups, including:
1. Religious Dignitaries
2. Social and Political Dignitaries
3. Poets and Artists

Religious Dignitaries:
• Ali Akbar Abootorabi (1364A.H-1421A.H)
• Sayyed Jonah Ardebili (1296A.H-1377A.H)
• Hasan Ali Esfahani(1279A.H-1361A.H)
• Mirza Mahdi Esfahani (1152A.H-1218A.H)
• Mohammad Bahauddin Amoli(953A.H-1030 A.H)
• Abbas Torbati (born in 1374 A.H)
• Mohammad Taqi Ja'afari (1346A.H-1419A.H)
• Mohammad Hur-re-Amoli (1033A.H-1104A.H)
• Mohammad Hussein Husseini Tehrani (1345A.H-1416A.H)
• Sayyed Hussein Khademi Esfahani (1319A.H-1363A.H)
• Sayyed Javad Khamenei (1313A.H-1406A.H)
• Sayyed Abdullah Shirazi (1309A.H-1405A.H)
• Gholamreza Tabasi (1313A.H-1355A.H)
• Mojtaba Qazvini (1318A.H-1386A.H)
• Hashem Qazvini (1270A.H-1339A.H)
• Mirza Ahmad Modarres Yazdi (1306A.H-1391A.H)
• Sayyed Mohammad Hadi Milani (1313A.H-1395A.H)
• Ali Akbar Noqani (1300A.H-1370A.H)
• Ali Akbar Nahavandi (1278A.H-1369A.H)
• Sayyed Abdulkarim Hashemi Nejad (1343A.H-1402A.H)

Ali Akbar Abootorabi (1364A.H-1422A.H)
Hujjatuleslam Walmoslemin Hajj Ali Akbar Abootorabi, son of Ayatollah Hajj Sayyed Abbas Abootorabi, was one of the bravest revolutionary forces during the 8-years Iraqi Imposed War and also during the time when he was taken as a captive by Iraqi soldiers. At the end of war, he was released form the prison. Then, he was appointed by the Paramount Leader of the Islamic Revolution –Ayatollah Khamenei-, as the Representative of Wali Faqih (Supreme Leader) in the Affairs of the POW, and also as the Representative of Wali Faqih (Supreme Leader) in Tehran University. Also, he was elected by the residents of Tehran city as the Legislator of the Islamic Consultative Assembly for 8 years.
Hujjatuleslam Walmoslemin Hajj Ali Akbar Abootorabi, after learning the Islamic Sciences from the distinguished Iranian professor Elahi Khorasani and some of the other famous professors in Tehran, left Iran and set off for the holy city of Najaf .He returned to Iran from Iraq in 1978.During the 8-years Iraqi Imposed War, he was captured by Iraqi soldiers and kept as a POW for about 10 years. He was a symbol of freedom and resistance among all Iranian prisoners. He was a manifestation of self-sacrifice and virtue.
Hujjatuleslam Walmoslemin Hajj Ali Akbar Abootorabi, during his last trip to the holy city of Mashhad to make a pilgrimage to Imam Reza (A.S), was killed in a car accident along with his father on 27th .Safar in 1421A.H.After a glorious mourning ceremony in Tehran, Qazvin and Mashhad, he was buried in Azadi courtyard (one of the courtyards of the Holy Shrine), in one of the special chambers the Holy Shrine.

Sayyed Jonah Ardebili (1296A.H-1377A.H)
Ayatollah Hajj Sayyed Jonah Ardebili and all of his ancestors (Sayyed Mohammad Taqi, Mir Fath Ali, and Seif Ali Ardebili) lived by clerical work. His grand father, Mir Fath Ali, was one of the most distinguished clerics and mystics .He was the mystic who granted the main percepts of mysticism.
Sayyed Jonah was born in 1296A.H, in Ardebil (one of the cities of Iran).After accomplishing his primary education in this city; he set off for the city of Zanjan to continue his studies. He learned the Islamic Jurisprudence and theology from the famous philosopher Molla Qorban Ali Zanjani, and also the philosophical sciences from the distinguished theologian and philosopher Molla Sabz Ali Hakim. In 1310A.H,he set off for the holy city of Najaf.Coincident with the Movement of the Constitutionalism in Iran, he learned the Islamic sciences from the famous philosophers, including :Akhoond Khorasani,Fazel Sharbiani,Sayyed Mohammad Kazim Yazdi,and Shaikh-ush-Shariah Esfahani.Then,he went to the holy city of Karbala and participated in the seminary(theological school) of Mirza Mohammad Taqi Shirazi-the religious leader of the Iraq's Resistance Movement of Scholars against the English occupiers. He was approved by the whole seminary. By the order of Mirza Mohammad Taqi Shirazi, he undertook the responsibility of looking after the affairs of the students of the religious subjects.
Due to a serious optic disease, Ayatollah Ardebili returned to Ardebil in 1348 A.H.In 1353 A.H, five years after returning to his birthplace, he set off for the holy city of Mashhad to teach and supervise the religious affairs of this city. The then government arrested Ayatollah Ardebili and some of the other clerics for their position on the historical event of Gowharshad, and then sent them to Tehran. Ayatollah Ardebili was in jail for a while. After a short time, he was turned back to Ardebil.In 1362 A.H, when Reza Khan (the king of Iran) fell from power, His Excellency, Ayatollah Ardebili, came back again to the holy city of Mashhad.During the National Movement of Iran, his house was changed into a center for the religio-political persons of Mashhad to make decision.
Ayatollah Sayyed Jonah Ardebili passed away on 21st. Zee-al-Qaa'dah in 1377 A.H, in Tehran. His body was transferred to the holy city of Mashhad, and buried in the Dar-us-Siyadah portico in the Holy Shrine of Imam Reza (A.S).

Hasan Ali Esfahani (1279A.H-1361A.H)
Hajj Sheikh Hasan Ali Meqdadi Esfahani (also known as Nokhodaki), son of Molla Ali Akbar, was born in the middle of the month of Zee-al-Qaa'dah in 1279 A.H, in Esfahan city. From the very outset of his childhood, his father woke him up for performing prayer and worshipping, and made him acquainted with the religious subjects. Worshipping at night was an important thing in his life until the age of 15.He was fasting during the months of Rajab, Sha'aban and Ramadhan, and also during the days of bright nights, and spending all nights in worshipping Allah –the Exalted-, .Hajj Sheikh Hasan learned reading and writing skills and Arabic language and literature in Esfahan city. He also learned Fiqh(Islamic Jurisprudence),Theology, Philosophy and Logic from the famous philosophers Molla Mohammad Kashi and Mirza Jahangir Khan Qashqaee, and Quranic Commentary from Hajj Sayyed Sina , the respected father of Sayyed Ja'afar Kashi, and some of the other professors.
In 1303 A.H, he set off for the holy city of Mashhad and resided in this city for one year and then set off for the holy city of Najaf to complete his Divine sciences. He learned the Islamic sciences in this city from Sayyed Mohammad Fesharaki, Sayyed Morteza Keshmiri and Molla Esmaeel Qareh Baghi.In 1311 A.H, he returned to Mashhad, and resided in this city until 1314 A.H. In 1315 A.H, he returned to Esfahan, and after a short stay in this city, he set off for the holy city of Najaf and resided there until 1318 A.H. In 1319 A.H, he returned to Esfahan .Due to his devotion to the Holy Imams (A.S), he traveled to the Sacred Thresholds. Finally, he came to the holy city of Mashhad in 1329 A.H, and resided in this city until the end of his life. He took to his bed before dying for a month, and at last, he passed away on 17th.Sha'aban in 1316 A.H, at the age of 82.He was buried in the Atiq courtyard –one of the courtyards of the Holy Shrine-, adjacent to the Abbasi porch located on the north side of Inqilab courtyard .

Mirza Mahdi Esfahani (1152A.H-1218A.H)
Mirza Mahdi Esfahani, son of Hedayatullah, was one of the most distinguished clerics of Khorasan. He was born in 1152 A.H, in Esfahan city. Molla Ali Noori was his classmate in the seminary of Bayd Abadi.Aqa Mohammad Wahid Behbahani (1205 A.H) –the most distinguished religious jurist of Shiite in the 12th century- and Sheikh Mohammad Fotooni were his professors if the fields of Theology and Islamic Jurisprudence . His special permission of independent judgment was approved by these two distinguished professors.
Mirza Mahdi learned Math from Sheikh Hussein Ameli Mashhadi-the then Friday Prayer Leader of Mashhad who passed away in 1175 A.H-and after a while, he married with his daughter. He was appointed as the Custodian of Astan Quds Razavi in 1192 A.H. After the death of Sayyed Mohammad in 1198 A.H-the Friday Prayer Leader of Sabzevar city-, Mirza Mahdi undertook the responsibility of performing the Friday Prayer. He taught Theology, Islamic Jurisprudence, Philosophical Sciences and some of the Mathematics books.
Sayyed Mahdi Bahr-ul-Uloom, Mohammad Hussein Khabooshani, professor Hamzeye Qaeni, Sayyed Kazim Jazayeri, Sayyed Deldar Ali Ibn Mohammad Moin Ibn Alhadi-al-Razavi Naqavi Hendi Nasr Abadi were his students .He was wounded by Nader Mirza or Taymoor Nasqaji in the Holy Shrine of Imam Reza (A.S) on 11th.Ramadhan, and after two days, he was martyred on 13th.Ramadhan in 1218 A.H.He was buried in the Dar-ush-Shukr portico. He was also known as the Fourth Martyr.
• Mohammad Bahauddin Amoli(953A.H-1030 A.H)
• Abbas Torbati (born in 1374 A.H)
• Mohammad Taqi Ja'afari (1346A.H-1419A.H)
• Mohammad Hur-re-Amoli (1033A.H-1104A.H)
• Mohammad Hussein Husseini Tehrani (1345A.H-1416A.H)
• Sayyed Hussein Khademi Esfahani (1319A.H-1363A.H)
• Sayyed Javad Khamenei (1313A.H-1406A.H)
• Sayyed Abdullah Shirazi (1309A.H-1405A.H)
• Gholamreza Tabasi (1313A.H-1355A.H)
• Mojtaba Qazvini (1318A.H-1386A.H)
• Hashem Qazvini (1270A.H-1339A.H)
• Mirza Ahmad Modarres Yazdi (1306A.H-1391A.H)
• Sayyed Mohammad Hadi Milani (1313A.H-1395A.H)
• Ali Akbar Noqani (1300A.H-1370A.H)
• Ali Akbar Nahavandi (1278A.H-1369A.H)
• Sayyed Abdulkarim Hashemi Nejad (1343A.H-1402A.H)

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